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Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified December 2017 by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02375204
First Posted: March 2, 2015
Last Update Posted: December 6, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Movember Foundation
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom
Cancer Research UK (CRUK)
UNICANCER
Irish Group CTI
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
  Purpose
This randomized phase III trial studies how well standard-dose combination chemotherapy works compared to high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant in treating patients with germ cell tumors that have returned after a period of improvement or did not respond to treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, ifosfamide, cisplatin, carboplatin, and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy before a stem cell transplant stops the growth of cancer cells by stopping them from dividing or killing them. Giving colony-stimulating factors, such as filgrastim or pegfilgrastim, and certain chemotherapy drugs, helps stem cells move from the bone marrow to the blood so they can be collected and stored. Chemotherapy is then given to prepare the bone marrow for the stem cell transplant. The stem cells are then returned to the patient to replace the blood-forming cells that were destroyed by the chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant are more effective than standard-dose combination chemotherapy in treating patients with refractory or relapsed germ cell tumors.

Condition Intervention Phase
Germ Cell Tumor Teratoma Choriocarcinoma Germinoma Mixed Germ Cell Tumor Yolk Sac Tumor Childhood Teratoma Malignant Germ Cell Neoplasm Extragonadal Seminoma Non-seminomatous Germ Cell Tumor Seminoma Drug: paclitaxel Drug: ifosfamide Drug: cisplatin Drug: pegylated G-CSF Drug: G-CSF Drug: carboplatin Drug: etoposide phosphate Procedure: stem cell reinfusion Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Trial Comparing Conventional-Dose Chemotherapy Using Paclitaxel, Ifosfamide, and Cisplatin (TIP) With High-Dose Chemotherapy Using Mobilizing Paclitaxel Plus Ifosfamide Followed by High-Dose Carboplatin and Etoposide (TI-CE) as First Salvage Treatment in Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months post-treatment ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months post-treatment ]
  • proportion of patients achieving either a complete response (CR) or partial response [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-registration ]
  • treatment related mortality [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post-treatment ]
  • number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-registration ]
  • Validation of International Prognostic Factor Study Group stratification system (eg, primary site, prior response, progression free interval) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years post-registration ]

Estimated Enrollment: 420
Study Start Date: March 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2024 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Arm A: TIP

Patients will receive treatment for 4 cycles administered every 21 days.

Cycles 1-4 (1 cycle = 21 days)

  • paclitaxel 250 mg/m^2 IV over 24 hours on Day 1 including premedication as defined in the protocol (eg, dexamethasone, diphenhydramine and H2 blocker)
  • ifosfamide 1500 mg/m^2 IV daily on Days 2-5 with mesna protection as defined in the protocol
  • cisplatin 25 mg/m^2 IV daily on Days 2-5
  • pegylated G-CSF 6 mg subcutaneous on Day 6 or 7 or G-CSF as defined in the protocol on Days 6-18

Patients may commence with each Arm A cycle provided they meet the criteria as defined in the protocol.

Drug: paclitaxel
IV
Other Name: Taxol
Drug: ifosfamide
IV
Other Name: Ifex®, IFOS
Drug: cisplatin
IV
Other Name: CDDP
Drug: pegylated G-CSF
IV
Drug: G-CSF
IV
Arm B: TI-CE

Patients will receive treatment for a total of 5 cycles.

Cycles 1-2 (1 cycle = 14 days)

  • paclitaxel 200 mg/m^2 IV over 3 hours on Day 1 including premedication as defined in the protocol (eg, dexamethasone, diphenhydramine and H2 blocker)
  • ifosfamide 2000 mg/m^2 IV daily on Days 1-3 with mesna protection as defined in the protocol
  • G-CSF 10 µg/kg subcutaneously on Days 3-15 (cycle 1) and Days 3-14 (cycle 2) or pegylated G-CSF 6 mg subcutaneous on Day 4 or 6 (cycle 1) and Day 4 or 5 (cycle 2)
  • leukapheresis every 14 days, if there is an inadequate number of CD34+ cells/kg collected in cycle 1

Cycles 3-5 (1 cycle = 21 days)

  • carboplatin daily on Days 1-3
  • etoposide 400 mg/m^2 daily on Days 1-3
  • stem cell reinfusion on day 5
  • pegylated G-CSF 6 mg subcutaneously or G-CSF at approximately 5 µg/kg daily on Days 5-15

Patients may commence with each Arm B cycle provided they meet the criteria as defined in the protocol.

Drug: paclitaxel
IV
Other Name: Taxol
Drug: ifosfamide
IV
Other Name: Ifex®, IFOS
Drug: pegylated G-CSF
IV
Drug: G-CSF
IV
Drug: carboplatin
IV
Other Name: Paraplatin®, CBDCA
Drug: etoposide phosphate
IV
Other Name: VePesid®, Toposar®, VP16
Procedure: stem cell reinfusion
surgical procedure

Detailed Description:

The study is an international collaboration with European sites. Collaborators on the study include the National Cancer Institute, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer and the Movember Foundation. Randomization will be stratified by region (North America and Europe) and by modified IPFSG (International Prognostic Factor Study Group) risk classification (low, intermediate and high). The primary and secondary objectives are described below.

Primary Objective:

1. To compare the overall survival in patients treated with conventional-dose chemotherapy using the TIP regimen with high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) plus autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) using the TI-CE regimen as initial salvage treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory germ cell tumors (GCT)

Secondary Objectives:

  1. To compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients treated with initial salvage HDCT with TI-CE versus initial salvage CDCT with TIP
  2. To compare the favorable response rate (FRR) of patients treated with initial salvage HDCT with TI-CE versus initial salvage CDCT with TIP
  3. To compare the toxicity, including treatment-related mortality, associated with high-dose chemotherapy and ASCT using TI-CE compared with conventional-dose chemotherapy using TIP as initial salvage treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory GCT
  4. To prospectively evaluate the IPFSG scoring system as a predictor of outcome to initial salvage therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory GCT. In this trial, randomization will be stratified by a modification of their IPFSG category and we will prospectively evaluate whether or not actual outcomes vary by risk group in the appropriate manner (low risk patients have higher OS than high-risk group).
  5. To evaluate the association between tumor marker decline rates of Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) with OS and PFS.

Treatment is to continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or completion of all protocol treatment.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  1. Documentation of Disease

    • Histologic Documentation: Confirmation of GCT histology (both seminoma and nonseminoma) on pathologic review at the center of enrollment.
    • Tumor may have originated in any primary site. NOTE: In rare circumstances, patients will be allowed to enroll even if a pathologic diagnosis may not have been established.
    • This would require a clinical situation consistent with the diagnosis of GCT (testicular, peritoneal, retroperitoneal or mediastinal mass, elevated tumor marker levels {HCG ≥ 500; AFP ≥ 500} and typical pattern of metastases)
  2. Evidence of Disease

    • Must have evidence of progressive or recurrent GCT (measurable or non-measurable) following one line of cisplatin-based chemotherapy, defined as meeting at least one of the following criteria:

      • Tumor biopsy of new or growing or unresectable lesions demonstrating viable non-teratomatous GCT (enrollment on this study for adjuvant treatment after macroscopically complete resection of viable GCT is not allowed). In the event of an incomplete gross resection where viable GCT is found, patients will be considered eligible for the study.
      • Consecutive elevated serum tumor markers (HCG or AFP) that are increasing. Increase of an elevated LDH alone does not constitute progressive disease.
      • Development of new or enlarging lesions in the setting of persistently elevated HCG or AFP, even if the HCG and AFP are not continuing to increase.
  3. Prior Treatment

    • Must have received 3-6 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy as part of first-line (initial) chemotherapy.

      • Prior POMBACE, CBOP-BEP, or GAMEC are allowed.
      • Note: For patients requiring immediate treatment, 1 cycle of conventional-dose salvage chemotherapy is allowed. Therefore, these patients may have received 7 prior cycles of chemotherapy. 6 cycles as part of first-line chemotherapy and 1 cycle of salvage conventional chemotherapy.
    • No more than one prior line of chemotherapy for GCT (other than the 1 cycle of salvage chemotherapy as defined in the protocol)

      • Definition of one line of chemotherapy: One line of therapy can in some cases consist of 2 different cisplatin-based treatment combinations, provided there is no disease progression between these two regimens.
      • Prior treatment with carboplatin as adjuvant therapy is allowed, provided patients meet other eligibility criteria (e.g., the patient has also received 3-4 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy).
      • Prior treatment with 1-2 cycles of BEP or EP as adjuvant chemotherapy for early stage GCT is allowed, provided the patient also received 3-4 cycles of BEP or EP again at relapse. Patients treated with 3-4 cycles of VIP at relapse following 1-2 cycles of BEP/EP are not eligible as this would be considered more than 1 line of prior therapy.
    • No prior treatment with high-dose chemotherapy (defined as treatment utilizing stem cell rescue)
    • No prior treatment with TIP with the exception when given as a bridge to treatment on protocol for patients with rapidly progressive disease who cannot wait to complete the eligibility screening process. Only one cycle is allowed.
    • No concurrent treatment with other cytotoxic drugs or targeted therapies.
    • No radiation therapy (other than to the brain) within 14 days of day 1 of protocol chemotherapy except radiation to brain metastases, which must be completed 7 days prior to start of chemotherapy.
    • No previous chemotherapy within 17 days prior to enrollment. A minimum of three weeks after the last day of the start of the previous chemotherapy regimen before the first day of chemotherapy on study protocol.
    • Must have adequate recovery from prior surgery (eg, healed scar, resumption of diet)
  4. Age ≥ 14 years (≥ 18 years in Germany)
  5. ECOG Performance Status 0 to 2
  6. Male gender
  7. Required Initial Laboratory Values:

    • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm^3
    • Platelet Count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
    • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min
    • Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
    • AST/ALT ≤ 2.5 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
  8. No concurrent malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer, superficial noninvasive (pTa or pTis) TCC of the bladder, contralateral GCT, or intratubular germ cell neoplasia. Patients with a prior malignancy, but at least 2 years since any evidence of disease are allowed.
  9. Negative Serology (antibody test) for the following infectious diseases:

    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) type 1 and 2
    • Human T-cell Leukemia Virus (HTLV) type 1 and 2 (mandatory in US but optional in Canada and Europe)
    • Hepatitis B surface antigen
    • Hepatitis C antibody
  10. No late relapse with completely surgically resectable disease. Patients with late relapses (defined as relapse ≥ 2 years from the date of completion of the last chemotherapy regimen) whose disease is completely surgically resectable are not eligible. Patients with late relapses who have unresectable disease are eligible.
  11. No large (≥ 2 cm) hemorrhagic or symptomatic brain metastases until local treatment has been administered (radiation therapy or surgery). Treatment may begin ≥ 7 days after completion of local treatment. Patients with small (< 2 cm) and asymptomatic brain metastases are allowed and may be treated with radiation therapy and/or surgery concurrently with Arm A or cycles 1 and 2 of Arm B if deemed medically indicated.

    Radiation therapy should not be given concurrently with high-dose carboplatin or etoposide.

  12. No secondary somatic malignancy arising from teratoma (e.g., teratoma with malignant transformation) when it is actively part of the disease recurrence or progression.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02375204


Contacts
Contact: Darren Feldman, MD 646 422-4491

  Show 44 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Movember Foundation
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom
Cancer Research UK (CRUK)
UNICANCER
Irish Group CTI
Investigators
Study Chair: Darren Feldman, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02375204     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A031102
U10CA180821 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
NCI-2014-01696 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Clinical Trial Reporting Program )
First Submitted: February 20, 2015
First Posted: March 2, 2015
Last Update Posted: December 6, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Teratoma
Endodermal Sinus Tumor
Seminoma
Choriocarcinoma
Testicular Neoplasms
Germinoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Mesonephroma
Trophoblastic Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic
Pregnancy Complications
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Endocrine System Diseases
Testicular Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Paclitaxel
Etoposide
Etoposide phosphate
Isophosphamide mustard
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Cisplatin