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Extended Low-Molecular Weight Heparin VTE Prophylaxis in Thoracic Surgery

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified September 2017 by McMaster University
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02334007
First Posted: January 8, 2015
Last Update Posted: September 14, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
McMaster University
  Purpose
After any surgery, there is a risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) in the major veins of the legs and Pulmonary Embolus (PE) in the lungs. These clots are usually prevented by the administration of low-molecular-weight heparin, a blood thinner that prevents clotting. In most surgical specialties like thoracic or vascular surgery, this treatment is used until patients are discharged from the hospital. However, in orthopaedic surgery, there is strong evidence that longer term preventative treatment up to 35 days after hospital discharge helps to reduce VTE occurrences. In thoracic surgery, there is an even greater risk of developing PE because of the surgical stress, the common presence of cancer and direct damage to blood vessels in the lung during surgery. Despite the potential utility, the use of extended VTE prevention has never been evaluated in the thoracic surgery population. If extended treatment prevents clots, more patients will avoid complications related to VTE. There is currently very limited information available on the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing lung cancer resection and the utility of extended thromboprophylaxis (ET) in this patient population. Furthermore, in contrast to patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery where ET has become standard of care, duration of thromboprophylaxis is not well defined in this patient population. Therefore, there is a clear need to systematically evaluate the effects of extended VTE prophylaxis on the incidence of VTE in the post-op population.

Condition Intervention Phase
Venous Thromboembolism Lung Neoplasms Pulmonary Embolism Drug: LMWH: Dalteparin Other: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Extended Low-Molecular Weight Heparin VTE Prophylaxis in the Thoracic Surgery Population, a Prospective, Randomized Controlled Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by McMaster University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Composite primary outcome: To determine the feasibility of a full scale trial by determining the recruitment rates and loss to follow up rates [ Time Frame: 1-1.5 years ]
    Measuring accrual rates, patient compliance, adherence to protocol, any-cause loss to follow up, tolerability of the intervention (safety), adverse events, and coordination of participating centre infrastructure


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical outcome:Comparison of Incidence of DVT and PE at 30 days after surgery between control and interventional arms (Outcome will be measured by a Chest Computed Tomography (CT) scan with PE contrast protocol and a full leg doppler ultrasound) [ Time Frame: 30 days, +/- 5 days ]
    As a pilot study, there is an insufficient number of patients to definitively calculate incidence and compare treatment arms. However, this is a key outcome and the study will seek to determine this outcome. Outcome will be measured by a Chest Computed Tomography (CT) scan with PE contrast protocol and a full leg doppler ultrasound at approximately 30 days after surgery to seek the occurrence of clots

  • Occurrence of major and minor bleeding at 30 days post-surgery, +/- 5 days [ Time Frame: 30 days after surgery ]
    Bleeding is a potential adverse event of Fragmin use. Major bleeding is defined as: Fatal bleeding OR Critical bleeding in a symptomatic area (intracranial, intraspinal, retroperitoneal, pericardial, or intramuscular with compartment syndrome) OR Bleeding causing a fall in hemoglobin level of 2g/dL or more as measured by a blood test at 30 days follow up, OR Bleeding requiring a blood transfusion of at least 2 units of packed red blood cells (excluding transfusions administered intra-operatively or 6-hrs post-operatively since these could not be impacted by post-surgical prophylaxis). Minor bleeding is defined as any bleeding episode not classified as major.

  • Comparison of mortality within 90 days of surgery between control and interventional arms [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
    Both procedure-specific and all-cause mortality rates will be calculated

  • Number of cases of heparin administration related HIT (Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia) within 90 days of surgery [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
  • Number of participants with study-related adverse events within 90 days of surgery [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
  • Comparison of non-DVT-associated PE events (those occurring without an antecedent DVT) between control and interventional arms [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

Estimated Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: September 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: LMWH: Dalteparin
Consenting patients undergoing lung resection will receive standard postoperative thromboprophylaxis in hospital until the time of discharge. Subsequently, patients will be administered LMWH for duration of 30 days as outpatients.
Drug: LMWH: Dalteparin
Dalteparin is a low-molecular weight heparin. The dosage used will be 5000 units once daily (administered as a subcutaneous injection). This is an established prophylactic dose used to prevent the incidence of VTE after surgery.
Other Name: Fragmin
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
After undergoing lung resection these patients will research standard post-op TE prophylaxis and upon discharge will be administered a placebo injection of subcutaneous saline for 30 days duration.
Other: Placebo
Upon hospital discharge, half of the patients will be assigned to receive saline placebo injections for up to 35 days after surgery. These injections will have no effect.

Detailed Description:

There is currently very limited information available on the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing lung cancer resection and the utility of extended thromboprophylaxis (ET) in this patient population. Furthermore, in contrast to patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery where ET has become standard of care, duration of thromboprophylaxis is not well defined in this patient population. Therefore, there is a clear need to systematically evaluate the effects of extended VTE prophylaxis on the incidence of VTE in the post-op population.

As a pilot study, the primary outcome will involve feasibility measures. The investigators aim to measure the proportion of recruitment within each centre, compliance, loss to follow-up, and tolerability of the intervention, defined as the number and severity of per-defined adverse events. The primary outcome of interest for the future full-scale trial is the 30-day incidence rate of VTE following extended 30-day prophylaxis (defined as pulmonary emboli or deep venous thromboembolism of the lower limb as detected by CT (Computed Tomography) pulmonary angiography and full leg Doppler ultrasound, respectively) following lung resection for malignancies.

The proposed pilot project is a multicenter blinded placebo-controlled randomized controlled pilot clinical trial assessing the feasibility and effectiveness of extended-duration VTE prophylaxis (30 days post-operatively) vs. short-term prophylaxis restricted to in-hospital stay with outpatient injected placebo, in patients undergoing lung resection for lung cancer or metastatic disease. All patients will receive both a peri-operative dose followed by postoperative VTE prophylaxis for the duration of their hospital stay. Those who were randomized to prolonged prophylaxis will continue the same dosage regime for an overall of 30 days, whereas the control group will receive placebo injections for the same duration of time.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must be at least 18 years of age.
  2. Patient may be of either gender.
  3. Patients must be diagnosed with resectable lung cancer or metastatic lung disease eligible to complete metastasectomy.
  4. Patients must be undergoing one of the following surgeries: segmentectomy, wedge resection, lobectomy, bilobectomy or pneumonectomy.
  5. Patients must be competent to understand consent documents.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. All patients with known allergic or anaphylactic reaction to contrast dye, heparin or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH).
  2. Patients must not be under current anticoagulation for venous thromboembolism or other medical conditions.
  3. Patients must not have known renal impairment (defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than 30ml/min/m2 as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault method) either pre-operatively or as identified based on blood work obtained prior to the scheduled 30-day post-operative scan.
  4. Patients must not have known hepatic failure, with international normalized ratio (INR) of >1.5.
  5. Patients with history of, or ongoing liver disease, manifested as ascites or previous peritoneal tapping for ascites.
  6. Patients must not be pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
  7. Patients must not have been diagnosed or treated for VTE in the past 3 months prior to surgery.
  8. Patients must not have a known, objectively confirmed bleeding disorder.
  9. Patients must not have a present or previous increase risk of haemorrhage.
  10. Patients must not have a history of previous heparin induced thrombocytopenia.
  11. Baseline platelet count <75,000 but transient, recovered thrombocytopenia associated with chemotherapy will not be a basis for exclusion.
  12. Patients must not have previously inserted inferior vena cava filter.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02334007


Contacts
Contact: Yaron Shargall, MD, FRCSC, FCCP 905-522-1155 ext 33229

Locations
Canada, Ontario
St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton Recruiting
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8N 4A6
Credit Valley Hospital Recruiting
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, L5M 2N1
Toronto General Hospital Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2C4
Sponsors and Collaborators
McMaster University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Yaron Shargall, MD, FRCSC, FCCP McMaster University
  More Information

Responsible Party: McMaster University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02334007     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SJHH_VTEpro001
First Submitted: December 18, 2014
First Posted: January 8, 2015
Last Update Posted: September 14, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by McMaster University:
venous thromboembolism prophylaxis
deep vein thrombosis
pulmonary embolism
lung resection
low molecular weight heparin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Thromboembolism
Embolism
Venous Thromboembolism
Pulmonary Embolism
Lung Neoplasms
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Calcium heparin
Heparin
Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight
Dalteparin
Anticoagulants
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action