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Hypofractionated Stereotactic Irradiation (HFSRT) With Pembrolizumab and Bevacizumab for Recurrent High Grade Gliomas

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02313272
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 10, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 5, 2020
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see if the addition of the investigation drug called pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) to radiation therapy and bevacizumab (Avastin®) is safe and can help with controlling the growth of tumors, in participants with recurrent high grade glioma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Glioma Radiation: Hypofractionated Stereotactic Irradiation (HFSRT) Drug: Pembrolizumab Drug: Bevacizumab Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial of Hypofractionated Stereotactic Irradiation (HFSRT) With Pembrolizumab and Bevacizumab in Patients With Recurrent High Grade Gliomas
Actual Study Start Date : May 5, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 13, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: HFSRT with Pembrolizumab and Bevacizumab
Hypofractionated Stereotactic Irradiation (HFSRT). Pembrolizumab intravenous (IV) infusion every 3 weeks. Bevacizumab administered intravenously every 2 weeks.
Radiation: Hypofractionated Stereotactic Irradiation (HFSRT)
Radiation therapy treatment (FSRT) which will be given to participants over 5 days.

Drug: Pembrolizumab

Dose Escalation: The dose of pembrolizumab will be escalated per schema in a 3+3 fashion. The starting dose (i.e., dose level 1) will be 100 mg.

Dose Expansion: The pembrolizumab dose used in the dose expansion cohort will be maximum tolerated dose (MTD) determined from the dose escalation phase.

Other Names:
  • Keytruda®
  • MK-3475

Drug: Bevacizumab
Initial cycle of bevacizumab must start within 10 days of registering to the trial. It will be given concurrent with radiation therapy. Bevacizumab will be administered intravenously at a dose of 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks. Doses will be adjusted if there is a > 10% change in weight.
Other Name: Avastin®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    The pembrolizumab dose used in the dose expansion cohort will be MTD determined from the dose escalation phase. Dose Escalation: The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is the highest dose of pembrolizumab in combination with bevacizumab after radiation therapy that does not cause unacceptable toxicity in more than one of six patients at that dose level. The MTD is defined as one dose level below the highest toxic dose (i.e., the Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) dose).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate (RR) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Response rate of pembrolizumab given in combination with bevacizumab and hypofractionated stereotactic re-irradiation of recurrent high grade gliomas. Response to treatment will be assessed by the investigator and according to the Response Assessment Criteria for High-Grade Gliomas (RANO Criteria). Brain MRI will be performed every 6 weeks beginning at the end of Week 6 (± 1 week) for 3 cycles and then every 12 weeks (± 1 week) until disease progression or treatment discontinuation, whichever occurs later.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of World Health Organization (WHO) Grade III (except anaplastic oligodendroglioma) or IV malignant glioma.
  • Documented recurrence by diagnostic biopsy or contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed within 28 days of entry into the trial as per Response Assessment Criteria for High-Grade Gliomas (RANO) Criteria.
  • Patients with recurrent WHO Grade III gliomas should have received one prior treatment for recurrent high grade disease.
  • Maximum diameter of enhancing tumor (target lesion) should be ≤ 3.5 cm.
  • Interval of ≥ 6 months after the end of prior radiation therapy is required unless there is a new recurrence outside of the previous radiotherapy treatment field.
  • Previous first line treatment with at least standard dose of radiotherapy (total dose ≥ 54 Gy) and temozolomide.
  • Interval of ≥ 4 weeks since surgical resection prior to entry into the trial.
  • Interval of ≥ 4 weeks after last administration of any investigational agent or prior cytotoxic therapy (except bevacizumab). There should be 14 days interval between the last dose of bevacizumab and first day of treatment on study.
  • Age 18 years or older on day of signing informed consent.
  • Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70.
  • Demonstrate adequate organ function.
  • Resting baseline O2 saturation by pulse oximetry of ≥ 92% at rest.
  • Must have recovered from the toxic effects of prior therapies.
  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial.
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks.
  • Female participants of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving first dose of study medication. Must be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication.
  • Male participants should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • More than 3 recurrences of high grade glioma.
  • Has anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • Has received reradiation to recurrent disease (other than standard frontline adjuvant radiation therapy).
  • Recurrent tumors near the brainstem and optic chiasm must not have received prior radiation therapy.
  • Infratentorial, or leptomeningeal evidence of recurrent disease.
  • Recurrent or persistent tumor (enhancing area) greater than 3.5 cm in maximum diameter.
  • Prior treatment with Gliadel unless it was administered as first line treatment and ≥ 3 months prior to study treatment.
  • Unable (due to existent medical condition) or unwilling to have a contrast enhanced MRI of brain.
  • Currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of first dose of treatment.
  • Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment. Physiologic doses of steroid therapy (≤ 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) is allowed.
  • Prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or monoclonal antibody (except bevacizumab) within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1 or has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier. Wash out period for bevacizumab is 14 days.
  • Known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy.
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within past 3 months or documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents.
  • Evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
  • Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Prior allergic reaction to Bevacizumab.
  • History of uncontrolled hypertension, hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy.
  • History of a non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture within 90 days (3 months) prior to entry into the trial.
  • History of gastrointestinal bleeding or any other hemorrhage/bleeding event ≥ grade 3 (CTCAE, v. 4) within 30 days prior to entry in to the trial.
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to day 1 of treatment on study.
  • Requires escalating or chronic supraphysiologic doses of corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents).
  • History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
  • Prior therapy with an anti-Programmed Death 1(PD-1), anti-Programmed Death-1 Ligand 1 (PD-L1), anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways).
  • Known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
  • Known active Hepatitis B.
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02313272

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United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
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Principal Investigator: Solmaz Sahebjam, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Identifier: NCT02313272    
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-17978
First Posted: December 10, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 5, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
high-grade glioma
recurrent glioma
Hypofractionated Stereotactic Irradiation (HFSRT)
recurrent high-grade glioma
Grade III malignant glioma
Grade IV malignant glioma
brain and nervous system
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors