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Efficacy and Safety Study of Mepolizumab Adjunctive Therapy in Participants With Severe Eosinophilic Asthma on Markers of Asthma Control

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02281318
First Posted: November 3, 2014
Last Update Posted: November 16, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
  Purpose

This is a multi-centre, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mepolizumab adjunctive therapy in participants with severe eosinophilic asthma on markers of asthma control. The overall intent of the current study is to more fully explore the impact of mepolizumab on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and other measures of asthma control, including lung function.

Participants who meet the predefined criteria will be randomised to receive either mepolizumab or placebo in addition to standard of care asthma treatment. Approximately 780 participants with severe eosinophilic asthma will be screened to ensure the randomisation of 544 participants (272 participants per treatment group) into the study.


Condition Intervention Phase
Asthma Biological: Mepolizumab Drug: Placebo Drug: SOC Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group, Multi-centre 24-week Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Mepolizumab Adjunctive Therapy in Subjects With Severe Eosinophilic Asthma on Markers of Asthma Control

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline (BL) in St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    SGRQ consisted of 50 questions (scored from 0 to 100 where 0 indicates best and 100 indicates worst health) designed to measure Quality of Life in par. with diseases of airway obstruction, measuring symptoms, impact, and activity. Questions were completed by the par. with a recall over the past 4 weeks. SGRQ Total Score was calculated by summing the pre-assigned weights of answers, dividing by the sum of the maximum weights for items in SGRQ and multiplying by 100 to get a %. Change from BL in SGRQ was calculated as value at Week 24 minus value at BL for each par. and was analyzed using mixed model repeated measures allowing for covariates of BL value, region, BL maintenance oral corticosteroid (OCS) therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study (as an ordinal variable), BL % predicted FEV1 and visit, plus interaction terms for visit by BL and visit by treatment group. Modified Intent-to-Treat (mITT) Population consisted of all randomized par. who received >= 1 dose of drug.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline in Clinic Pre-bronchodilator Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    FEV1 is the volume of air that can be forced out in one second after taking a deep breath. The change from Baseline in pre-bronchodilator FEV1 was calculated as the value at Week 24 minus the value at Baseline for each subject and was analyzed using a mixed model repeated measures adjusting for Baseline absolute pre-bronchodilator FEV1, region, Baseline maintenance OCS therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study and visit, plus interaction terms for visit by Baseline and visit by treatment group.

  • Percentage of Participants Achieving a 4 Point or Greater Reduction From Baseline in SGRQ Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Visit 2-latest pre-dose assessment) and Week 24 ]
    The percentage of participants achieving a 4 point or greater reduction from Baseline in SGRQ (scored from 0-100 with lower scores indicating better outcome) at Week 24 was compared between treatment groups using a logistic regression model with covariates of Baseline value, region, Baseline maintenance OCS therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study (as an ordinal variable) and Baseline % predicted FEV1.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ-5) Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The ACQ-5 is a five-item questionnaire, designed to be self-completed by the participants. ACQ-5 score is the mean score of 5 questions, each assessed on a 0-6 point scale to give a mean ranging between 0-6 with lower scores indicating better outcome. The five questions inquired about the frequency and/or severity of symptoms over the previous week. The response options for all these questions consisted of a zero (no impairment/limitation) to six (total impairment/limitation) scale. The mean change from Baseline was calculated as the value at Week 24 minus the Baseline value for each participant and analyzed using a mixed model repeated measures allowing for covariates of Baseline value, region, Baseline maintenance OCS therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study (as an ordinal variable), Baseline % predicted FEV1 and visit, plus interaction terms for visit by Baseline and visit by treatment group.


Enrollment: 556
Actual Study Start Date: December 11, 2014
Study Completion Date: June 10, 2016
Primary Completion Date: June 10, 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Mepolizumab SC
Participants will receive Mepolizumab 100 mg subcutaneously (SC) into the upper arm or thigh every 4 weeks for a period of 24 weeks (total of 6 doses) along with their respective standard care of treatment
Biological: Mepolizumab
Humanised Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody (IgG1, kappa) with human heavy and light chain frameworks, provided as a lyophilised cake in sterile vial. Vial to be reconstituted with sterile water for injection, just prior to use
Drug: SOC
Standard of Care (SOC) will differ by participants, however it will include high dose ICS with at least one other controller, e.g. LABA, with or without maintenance OCS
Placebo Comparator: Placebo SC
Participants will receive placebo (0.9% sodium chloride) subcutaneously into the upper arm or thigh every 4 weeks for a period of 24 weeks (total of 6 doses) along with their respective standard care of treatment
Drug: Placebo
Sterile 0.9% sodium chloride solution
Drug: SOC
Standard of Care (SOC) will differ by participants, however it will include high dose ICS with at least one other controller, e.g. LABA, with or without maintenance OCS

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age: At least 12 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent/assent (For those countries where local regulations permit enrolment of adults only, participant recruitment will be restricted to those who are >=18 years of age)
  • Inhaled Corticosteroid: A well-documented requirement for regular treatment with high dose inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) in the 12 months prior to Visit 1 with or without maintenance oral corticosteroids (OCS). For participants >=18 years old: ICS dose must be >=880 micrograms (mcg)/day fluticasone propionate (FP) (exactuator) or equivalent daily. For ICS/long-acting beta-2-agonist (LABA) combination preparations, the highest approved maintenance dose in the local country will meet this ICS criterion. For participants >=12 to <=17 years old: ICS dose must be >=440 mcg/day FP (ex-actuator) or equivalent daily. For ICS/LABA combination preparations, the mid-strength approved maintenance dose in the local country will meet this ICS criterion
  • Controller Medication: Current treatment with an additional controller medication, besides ICS, for at least 3 months or a documented failure in the past 12 months of an additional controller medication for at least 3 successive months (e.g. LABA, leukotriene receptor antagonist [LTRA], or theophylline)
  • Eosinophilic asthma: Prior documentation of eosinophilic asthma or high likelihood of eosinophilic asthma as per Randomisation Criteria 1 and 2
  • FEV1: Persistent airflow obstruction as indicated by : For participants >=18 years of age at visit 1, a pre-bronchodilator FEV1 <80% predicted (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [NHANES III]) recorded at Visit 1. For participants 12-17 years of age at Visit 1: A pre-bronchodilator FEV1 <90% predicted (NHANES III) recorded at Visit 1 OR FEV1:FVC ratio <0.8 recorded at Visit 1
  • Exacerbation history: Previously confirmed history of two or more exacerbations requiring treatment with systemic Corticosteroid (CS) (intramuscular, intravenous, or oral), in the 12 months prior to visit 1, despite the use of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). For participants receiving maintenance CS, the CS treatment for the exacerbations must have been a two-fold dose increase or greater.
  • Gender: Male or Eligible Female. To be eligible for entry into the study, females of childbearing potential must commit to consistent and correct use of an acceptable method of birth control listed in the protocol for the duration of the trial and for 4 months after the last study drug administration.
  • Informed Consent/Assent: Able to give written informed consent/assent prior to participation in the core study, which will include the ability to comply with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent/assent form and in this protocol. Participants must be able to read, comprehend, and write at a level sufficient to complete study related materials. Written informed consent must be obtained from ALL patients/legally authorized representative(s); for patients 12-17 years old, written informed assent must be obtained in addition to the legally authorized representative(s)' consent.
  • French participants: In France, a participant will be eligible for inclusion in this study only if either affiliated to or a beneficiary of a social security category.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Smoking history: Current smokers or former smokers with a smoking history of >=10 pack years (number of pack years = (number of cigarettes per day/20) x number of years smoked). A former smoker is defined as a participant who quit smoking at least 6 months prior to Visit 1.
  • Concurrent Respiratory Disease: Presence of a known pre-existing, clinically important lung condition other than asthma. This includes current infection, bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, or diagnoses of emphysema or chronic bronchitis (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease other than asthma) or a history of lung cancer.
  • Malignancy: A current malignancy or previous history of cancer in remission for less than 12 months prior to screening (Participants that had localized carcinoma of the skin which was resected for cure will not be excluded).
  • Liver Disease: Known, pre-existing, unstable liver disease (as defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminaemia, esophageal or gastric varices or persistent jaundice), cirrhosis, and known biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones).
  • Cardiovascular: Participants who have severe or clinically significant cardiovascular disease uncontrolled with standard treatment. Including but not limited to: (a) known ejection fraction of <30% OR (b) severe heart failure meeting New York Heart Association Class IV classification OR (c) hospitalised in the 12 months prior to Visit 1 for severe heart failure meeting New York Heart Association Class III OR (d) angina diagnosed less than 3 months prior to Visit 1 or at Visit 1.
  • Other Concurrent Medical Conditions: Participants who have known, pre-existing, clinically significant endocrine, autoimmune, metabolic, neurological, renal, gastrointestinal, hepatic, haematological or any other system abnormalities that are uncontrolled with standard treatment.
  • Eosinophilic Diseases: Participants with other conditions that could lead to elevated eosinophils such as Hypereosinophilic Syndromes, including Churg-Strauss Syndrome (Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis [EGPA]), or Eosinophilic Esophagitis. Participants with a known, pre-existing parasitic infestation within 6 months prior to Visit 1 are also to be excluded.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) Assessment: QT interval corrected for heart rate by Fridericia's formula (QTc(F)) >=450 milliseconds (msec) or QTc(F) >=480 msec for participants with Bundle Branch Block at Visit 1.
  • Alcohol/Substance Abuse: A history (or suspected history) of alcohol misuse or substance abuse within 2 years prior to Visit 1.
  • Immunodeficiency: A known immunodeficiency (e.g. human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]), other than that explained by the use of corticosteroids taken as therapy for asthma.
  • Xolair: Participants who have received omalizumab (Xolair) within 130 days of Visit 1.
  • Other Monoclonal Antibodies: Participants who have received any monoclonal antibody (other than Xolair) to treat inflammatory disease within 5 half-lives of Visit 1.
  • Investigational Medications: Participants who have received treatment with an investigational drug within the past 30 days or five terminal phase half-lives of the drug whichever is longer, prior to Visit 1 (this also includes investigational formulations of marketed products).
  • Hypersensitivity: Participants with allergy/intolerance to a monoclonal antibody or biologic.
  • Pregnancy: Participants who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Patients should not be enrolled if they plan to become pregnant during the time of study participation. A urine pregnancy test is required of all women of child bearing potential. This test will be performed at the time points specified in the Time and Events Schedule in protocol.
  • Adherence: Participants who have known evidence of lack of adherence to controller medications and/or ability to follow physician's recommendations.
  • Previous participation: Previously participated in any study with mepolizumab and received investigational product (including placebo)
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02281318


  Show 143 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Additional Information:
Study Data/Documents: Dataset Specification  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 200862
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Clinical Study Report  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 200862
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Annotated Case Report Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 200862
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Individual Participant Data Set  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 200862
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Study Protocol  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 200862
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Informed Consent Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 200862
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Statistical Analysis Plan  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 200862
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02281318     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200862
First Submitted: October 30, 2014
First Posted: November 3, 2014
Results First Submitted: December 5, 2016
Results First Posted: May 4, 2017
Last Update Posted: November 16, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Patient-level data for this study will be made available through www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com following the timelines and process described on this site.
URL: http://

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Asthma control
Lung function
Health-related quality of life
Mepolizumab
Severe Eosinophilic asthma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Asthma
Pulmonary Eosinophilia
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Hypereosinophilic Syndrome
Eosinophilia
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases