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Phase 1 Study of TCP-ATRA for Adult Patients With AML and MDS (TCP-ATRA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02273102
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 23, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 11, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Justin Watts, University of Miami

Brief Summary:
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a diverse disease that is fatal in the majority of patients. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) however, a subtype of AML accounting for 5% of all cases, is very curable. APL cells are highly sensitive to the retinoid all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), which effectively differentiates the leukemic clone. Over 80% of APL patients can be cured with ATRA based therapies. For patients with non-APL AML, ATRA has little effect. Consequently, 85% of these patients will succumb to their disease despite conventional approaches. Little is known about mechanisms of resistance to ATRA in non-APL AML. This knowledge gap limits the use of ATRA in a disease that already has few effective therapies. The investigators' preliminary data suggest that non-APL AML cells can be re-sensitized to ATRA when combined with lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD 1) inhibitors. The investigators' publication in Nature Medicine showed that LSD1 inhibition with tranylcypromine (TCP), unlocked the ATRA-driven therapeutic response in non-APL AML. Notably, treatment with ATRA and TCP markedly diminished the engraftment of primary human AML cells in murine models, indicating that the combination may target leukemia-initiating cells (LIC). The investigators' data identify LSD1 as a therapeutic target and strongly suggest that it may contribute to ATRA resistance in non-APL AML. The investigators' central hypothesis is that ATRA combined with TCP will be safe and effective in a clinical population, and that this approach will suppress LICs and restore myeloid differentiation programs in patients with non-APL AML. Testing this hypothesis with the phase I clinical trial outlined in this protocol, will establish a new treatment paradigm in AML and extend the important anti-cancer effects of ATRA to all AML subtypes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndromes Leukemia Drug: Tranylcypromine Drug: Tretinoin Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Dose Escalation, Phase 1 Study of Tranylcypromine (TCP) in Combination With ATRA (Tretinoin) for Adult Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) and Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)
Actual Study Start Date : March 2, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 8, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: TCP Dose Level 1
20mg of Tranylcypromine (TCP) to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart) for up to 16 cycles of 21 days each. 45 mg/m2 of Tretinoin (ATRA) to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart) beginning on day 4 of each 21 day cycle, for up to 16 cycles.
Drug: Tranylcypromine
Tranylcypromine (TCP) to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart) for up to 16 cycles of 21 days each.
Other Name: TCP

Drug: Tretinoin
45 mg/m2 of ATRA to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart), beginning on day 4 for up to 16 cycles of 21 days each.
Other Name: ATRA

Experimental: TCP Dose Level 2
40mg of Tranylcypromine (TCP) to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart) for up to 16 cycles of 21 days each. 45 mg/m2 of Tretinoin (ATRA) to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart) beginning on day 4 of each 21 day cycle, for up to 16 cycles.
Drug: Tranylcypromine
Tranylcypromine (TCP) to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart) for up to 16 cycles of 21 days each.
Other Name: TCP

Drug: Tretinoin
45 mg/m2 of ATRA to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart), beginning on day 4 for up to 16 cycles of 21 days each.
Other Name: ATRA

Experimental: TCP Dose Level 3
60mg of Tranylcypromine (TCP) to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart) for up to 16 cycles of 21 days each. 45 mg/m2 of Tretinoin (ATRA) to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart) beginning on day 4 of each 21 day cycle, for up to 16 cycles.
Drug: Tranylcypromine
Tranylcypromine (TCP) to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart) for up to 16 cycles of 21 days each.
Other Name: TCP

Drug: Tretinoin
45 mg/m2 of ATRA to be administered orally twice a day (12 hours apart), beginning on day 4 for up to 16 cycles of 21 days each.
Other Name: ATRA




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Toxicity in Study Participants Receiving TCP/ATRA Combination Therapy [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    The safety and tolerability of TCP/ATRA combination therapy in patients with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) and Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS). This will be measured by the rate of adverse events, serious adverse events and other toxicities in study participants receiving protocol therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Preliminary Efficacy of TCP/ATRA Combination Therapy [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Best response to TCP/ATRA combination therapy will be determined using serial blood and bone marrow sampling throughout the course of treatment. Responses will be documented according to revised/modified International Working Group (IWG) Response Criteria - Cheson et al. 2003 for AML and Cheson et al. 2006 for MDS. Morphologic complete remission (CR), cytogenetic CR, and molecular CR will be assessed by blood counts and simultaneous examination of the bone marrow fpr percentage of bone marrow blasts, as well as cytogenetics and molecular studies of bone marrow mononuclear cells

  2. Pharmacokinetics (PK) effects of TCP in plasma when combined with ATRA [ Time Frame: Baseline, Cycle 1, Cycle 2, 30 Days (+/-10 days) Post-End of Treatment ]
    Pharmacokinetics (PK) parameters will be determined using serial blood sampling at specified time points to determine PK effects of TCP in plasma when combined with ATRA. Non-compartmental methods of analysis will be used to determine TCP PK parameters following oral dosing of patients in Cycle 1. The following will be calculated: Observed maximum concentration (Cmax), the time at which Cmax occurred (Tmax), the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to 24 hours post-dose (AUC24hr), the terminal disposition phase half-life (t1/2).

  3. Pharmacodynamic (PD) effects of TCP in peripheral blood and bone marrow when combined with ATRA. [ Time Frame: Baseline, Cycle 1, Cycle 2, 30 Days (+/-10 days) Post-End of Treatment ]
    Pharmacodynamics (PD) measurements will be obtained from serial blood and bone marrow sampling at specified time points to describe the PD effects of TCP when combined with ATRA. The following will be measured: Expression of CD11b by flow cytometry, gene expression analysis of leukemic blasts, measurement of Retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARα) and lysine (K)-specific demethylase 1A (LSD1) within leukemic blasts, leukemic engraftment of treated cells in immunodeficient mice.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Confirmed diagnosis of one of the following:

    • Relapsed/refractory Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria [therapy-related AML and/or secondary AML from an antecedent hematologic disorder not excluded].
    • Relapsed/refractory Myelodysplasic Syndrome (MDS) as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria.
  2. Adult patients 18 years of age or older.
  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0, 1, or 2.
  4. Adequate organ function as defined as:

    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limited of normal (ULN)
    • ALT and AST must be ≤ 3 × ULN
    • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance > 50ml/min or
    • PT and aPTT ≤ 1.5 × ULN

      • Patients with total bilirubin, Alanine transaminase (ALT), Aspartate transaminase (AST), Creatinine, prothrombin time (PT), and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) levels outside the permitted range are eligible if, in the judgment of the Principal Investigator, the levels are related to the patient's AML or MDS.
  5. Suitable venous access to allow for all study related blood sampling (safety and research).
  6. Estimated life expectancy, in the judgment of the Investigator, which will permit receipt of at least 6 weeks of treatment.
  7. Able to understand and willing to signed the written informed consent and HIPAA document/s.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Therapy with moderate or strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or CYP3A4 inducers within 14 days prior to Cycle1 Day1.
  2. Therapy with Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs), dibenzazepine derivatives, sympathomimetics, or Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) within 14 days prior to Cycle1 Day1. (Patients actively receiving a safe substitute in the judgment of the Principal Investigator are eligible and may continue to receive the safe substitute during protocol treatment)
  3. Therapy with any investigational products, antineoplastic therapy, or radiotherapy within 14 days prior to Cycle1 Day1. Patients actively receiving hydroxyurea are eligible and may continue to receive hydroxyurea during protocol treatment.
  4. Candidates for standard and/or potentially curative treatments. (Candidate defined as a patient that is both eligible and willing)
  5. Major surgery within 28 days prior to Cycle1 Day1.
  6. Grade 2 or higher diarrhea as defined by NCI CTCAE Version 4.03 despite optimal antidiarrheal supportive care within 7 days prior to Cycle1, Day1.
  7. Myocardial infarction within 6 months (24 weeks) prior to Cycle1, Day1.
  8. Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA), uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. (Any ECG abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant and confirmed by the Principal Investigator)
  9. Active and uncontrolled infection.
  10. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive.
  11. Known hepatitis B surface antigen-positive.
  12. Known or suspected active hepatitis C infections (Patients who are hepatitis C surface antigen-positive are eligible).
  13. Female patients who are pregnant women or breast feeding. Confirmation that the patient is not pregnant will require a negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening; pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women.
  14. Females of child bearing potential who refused to either practice 2 effective methods of contraception at the same time or abstain from heterosexual intercourse from the time of signing the informed consent through 30 days after the last dose of study drug.
  15. Males of child bearing potential who refuse to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug (includes males surgically sterilized - i.e. status post vasectomy).
  16. Serious medical or psychiatric illness/condition likely in the judgment of the Investigator to interfere with compliance to protocol treatment/research.
  17. Known history of allergic reaction to TCP or ATRA.
  18. Symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) involvement.
  19. A concurrent second active and non-stable malignancy (Patients with a concurrent second active but stable malignancy are eligible).
  20. Patients with proliferative AML will be excluded defined by a white blood cell count (WBC) > 5 x ULN UNLESS, the white count has been suppressed to < 5 x ULN with hydroxurea and has remained below this level for at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment on study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02273102


Locations
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United States, Florida
University of Miami
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Miami
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Justin Watts, MD University of Miami

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Responsible Party: Justin Watts, Assistant Professor, University of Miami
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02273102     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20140328
First Posted: October 23, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 11, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Justin Watts, University of Miami:
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
AML
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
MDS
Tranylcypromine
TCP
ATRA
Tretinoin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Preleukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Tretinoin
Tranylcypromine
Antineoplastic Agents
Keratolytic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs