Project Wellness Enhancement: Increasing Health Care Choice and Outcomes for People With Mental Illness (WE)
This project aims to study health outcomes of individuals with mental illness attending a co-located primary health care center in a mental health center. This study uses mixed methods to collect a range of information about who chooses to use what Wellness Center services and in what combinations, with what short and longer-term effects and with what outcomes.
Based on participant interviews, identify barriers to and facilitators of access, service, and improvements in person-centered outcomes and elicit suggestions for enhancing health care outcomes and choice.
Collaborate with persons in recovery in using the data collected through Aims 1 and 2 to develop and pilot the effectiveness of a new peer-led community based intervention in enhancing access and choice and improving person-centered health outcomes.
|Mental Health Wellness 1 Mental Illnesses Other Diagnoses, Comorbidities, and Complications | Patient||Behavioral: Peer whole health intervention Behavioral: EBPs at Wellness Center|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Increasing Health Care Choices and Improving Health Outcomes Among Persons With Serious Mental Illness|
- Effectiveness of a Co-located Primary Health Care Center in a Local mental health center [ Time Frame: up to 30 months ]Use mixed methods to collect a rage of information about who chooses to use Using quantitative and qualitative measures by looking at the number of participants, follow up rates, improvement in health indices
- Effectiveness of health care navigation in improving health outcomes for people with mental illness [ Time Frame: up to 30 months ]Use mixed methods to collect a rage of information about who chooses to use Using quantitative and qualitative measures by looking at the number of participants, follow up rates, improvement in health indices, including some patient centered measures, and also the number of times they meet with their health care navigators
- Universal Health screening [ Time Frame: up to 30 months ]Look at whether clients of the Wellness Center have improvement in their overall health by looking at their health measurements and lab works from each of their 6 month appointments
- Collaborate with persons in recovery in using data collected to develop and pilot a new peer led, community based intervention in enhancing access and choice [ Time Frame: up to 30 months ]48 participants will be in a pilot intervention run by peers on whole health, measures will be both qualitative and quantitative to look for overall health improvement and choices
|Study Start Date:||April 2014|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Peer whole health
Peer whole health intervention will be compared to the treatment as usual at Wellness Center to assess healthcare choice and outcomes
Behavioral: Peer whole health intervention
Provide wraparound peer support, education, and navigation to individuals
Active Comparator: EBPs at Wellness Center
EBPs at Wellness Center will be the active comparative to measure healthcare choice and outcomes with the peer whole health intervention
Behavioral: EBPs at Wellness Center
four EBPs: a) on-site primary care; b) screening of clients for modifiable risk factors and medical conditions; c) care coordination; and d) peer health navigation
Background: Americans with serious mental illnesses (SMI) die an average of 25 years earlier due to modifiable risk factors, medical conditions, and lack of access to quality, coordinated care. Strategies for addressing this disparity have amassed evidence. What remains to be determined is who will choose to use these evidence-based practices (EBPs) when implemented in routine practice, in what combinations, with what short term effects and health outcomes, and what else might be needed for persons for whom these strategies are not effective.
Objectives: The proposed research builds upon the investigators receipt of a SAMHSA grant that established an integrated Wellness Center (WC) within the local mental health center that provides four EBPs: a) on-site primary care; b) screening of clients for modifiable risk factors and medical conditions; c) care coordination; and d) peer health navigation. Through PCORI, the investigators propose to add a comparative effectiveness dimension and a focus on patient-centered outcomes. The investigators specific aims are:
- to assess patient preferences and use of services, short-term effects, and longer term outcomes associated with various practices for the population and subpopulations;
- to identify barriers to and facilitators of access, service use, and improvements in traditional and patient-centered health outcomes; and
- to develop and pilot a peer-led, community-based intervention in enhancing access and choice, and improving patient-centered health outcomes, among 40 treatment-refractory clients of the WC.
The investigators long-term objectives are to: a) identify which practices work for which persons with SMI in improving health and patient-centered outcomes, and b) provide stakeholders around the nation with the knowledge and tools to replicate this model efficiently, effectively, and broadly.
Methods: The sample includes 360 poor, urban adults with SMI who are at risk for or have co-morbid medical conditions. Using participatory and mixed methodology, the investigators will assess Specific Aims 1 & 2 by collecting health and patient-centered outcome data on patients entering the WC and at 6 month follow-up intervals and analyze the data using Linear Mixed Models and logistic regression. Outcome data from the pilot intervention (Aim 3; N=40) will be compared to outcomes of a propensity matched sample of WC patients. Qualitative data will be collected each year through focus groups (N=48 agency stakeholders, year 1) and individual interviews (50 WC patients, years 2 & 3).
Projected Patient Outcomes: Outcomes include both traditional medical/clinical outcomes (e.g., blood pressure, BMI, fasting plasma glucose, HbGA1c, cholesterol, triglycerides, alcohol and drug use, psychiatric symptoms) and a range of patient-centered outcomes to be identified by key stakeholders in the initial phase of research. The investigators previous research suggests that these outcomes are likely to include self-efficacy, quality of life, employment, citizenship, and social connectedness.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02263742
|United States, Connecticut|
|CT Mental Health Center|
|New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06511|
|Yale University Program for Recovery and Community Health|
|New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06513|
|Principal Investigator:||Chyrell Bellamy, Ph.D.||Yale University|
|Study Director:||Kimberly D Antunes, BSW||Yale University|