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Safety Study to Assess AFM11 in Patients With Relapsed and/or Refractory CD19 Positive B-cell NHL

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02106091
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Non-favorable risk/benefit profile with studied dosing regimen)
First Posted : April 8, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 18, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Affimed GmbH

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether AFM11 is safe and active in the treatment of relapsed and/or refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Relapsed B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Drug: AFM11 Phase 1

Detailed Description:
CD19 is present on B-cells from earliest recognizable B-lineage cells during development to B-cell blasts and is lost only upon maturation to plasma cells. Expression of CD19 on B-cells at various development stages makes it an ideal target to treat B-cell associated malignancies.The rationale for the use of AFM11 is based on its ability to bind to both malignant cells via its anti-CD19 domain and to T-cells via its anti-CD3 domains. This results in the formation of the "immunological synapse" and the subsequent T-cell activation on leading to killing of malignant cells.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pharmacodynamically-guided, Dose-escalation, Phase I Study to Assess the Safety of AFM11 (Recombinant Antibody Construct Against Human CD19 and CD3) in Patients With Relapsed and/or Refractory CD19 Positive B-cell NHL.
Study Start Date : April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: AFM11
IV (intravenous) infusion, dose escalation
Drug: AFM11
Accelerated-titration dose-escalation with 1 patient per dose-level, followed by standard dose-escalation (3 + 3 design), Treatment duration: 4 weeks.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with serious and non-serious adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability of AFM11. [ Time Frame: From administration of the first dose of study drug and through 30 days after the last dose, up to 8 weeks. ]
    Measure occurence of adverse events until the Final Study Visit and monitor laboratory safety parameters at least once weekly. Assess immunogenicity of AFM11 at end of treatment cycle.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of AFM11. [ Time Frame: up to 8 weeks ]
  2. Pharmacokinetic profile of AFM11 and immunological markers of AFM11 activity. [ Time Frame: Prior to initial dose on Day 1 and at multiple time points during the 4 weeks of treatment until up to 30 days after the last dose. ]
    Concentration of AFM11 in blood samples will measured at different time points during the 4 weeks of treatment and 30 days thereafter to determine concentration-time profiles. Immunological markers like lymphocytes and cytokine levels in serum will be measured at different time points during the 4 weeks of treatment and 30 days thereafter to assess the level of activity resulting from administration of AFM11.

  3. Tumor Response. [ Time Frame: Baseline and at week 6. ]
    Measure tumor size and activity in FDG-PET and CT-scans.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with CD19+, relapsed or refractory histologically (WHO classification) confirmed follicular lymphoma, marginal zone lymphoma, lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, or transformed B-cell lymphomas.
  • Patients with either indolent or aggressive NHL.
  • Patients who relapsed or were refractory to the approved standard therapy, which must have included 1 treatment line with rituximab plus chemotherapy, and who are not candidates for bone marrow transplant (including both peripheral blood and hematopoietic stem cell transplants with a curative intent.
  • Measurable disease (at least 1 lesion ≥ 1.5 cm) documented by CT scan.
  • Disease progression requiring therapy.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2.
  • Life expectancy of at least 6 months.
  • Ability to understand the patient information and informed consent form.
  • Signed and written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Total number of B-cells (healthy and malignant combined) in the peripheral blood exceeds the upper physiological limit (as per institutional guidance) of total B-cell counts in healthy individuals.
  • Autologous Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) within 12 weeks prior to start of AFM11 treatment.
  • Abnormal hematological laboratory values as defined below:

    1. Peripheral lymphocyte count > 20 × 10^9/L
    2. Platelet count ≤ 75,000/µL
    3. Hemoglobin level ≤ 9 g/dL.
  • Known or suspected central nervous system (CNS) involvement.

    1. History of or current relevant CNS pathology as epilepsy, seizure, paresis, aphasia, apoplexia, severe brain injuries, cerebellar disease, organic brain syndrome, and/or psychosis.
    2. Evidence for presence of malignant disease, inflammatory lesions, and/or vasculitis on cerebral MRI.
    3. Infiltration of the cerebrospinal fluid by malignant B-cells, confirmed by lumbar puncture.
  • Cancer chemotherapy within 4 weeks prior to start of AFM11 treatment, or at least 4 times the respective half-lives, whichever is longer.
  • Radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to start of AFM11 treatment.
  • Therapy with antibody, or antibody constructs within 4 weeks prior to start of AFM11 treatment, or at least 4 times the respective half-lives, whichever is longer.
  • Prior treatment with alemtuzumab (Campath®) within 12 weeks prior to start of AFM11 treatment.
  • Treatment with any investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to start of AFM11 treatment, or at least 4 times the respective half-life, whichever is longer.
  • Contraindication for any of the concomitant medications.
  • Abnormal renal or hepatic function as follows: aspartate aminotransferase (AST or serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT or serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) ≥ 2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN); total bilirubin ≥ 1.5 × ULN; serum creatinine ≥ 2 × ULN; creatinine clearance < 50 mL/minute.
  • History of malignancy other than B-cell lymphoma within 5 years prior to study entry, with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring systemic immunosuppressive treatment.
  • Uncontrolled infections; known bacteremia.
  • Any concurrent disease or medical condition that is deemed to interfere with the conduct of the study as judged by the Investigator.
  • Regular dose of corticosteroids during the 4 weeks prior to start of AFM11 treatment or anticipated need of continuous corticosteroids exceeding prednisone 20 mg/day or equivalent, or any other immunosuppressive therapy within 4 weeks prior to start of AFM11 treatment.
  • Known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or chronic infection with hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus.
  • Pregnant or nursing women or women of childbearing potential not willing to use an effective form of contraception during participation in the study and at least 12 weeks thereafter. Male patients not willing to ensure that during the study and at least 12 weeks thereafter no fathering takes place. Effective methods of contraception include intrauterine device 8(IUD), combined (estrogen- and progesterone-containing) hormonal contraception (oral, vaginal ring or transdermal patch) with an ethinylestradiol dose of at least 30 µg, plus use of male condoms (preferably with spermicides), female condoms, female diaphragm, or cervical cap.
  • Prior treatment with blinatumomab or any other CD19 targeting T-cell engager, including CD19 CAR-T cells.
  • Clinically relevant coronary artery disease (New York Heart Association [NYHA] functional angina classification III/IV), congestive heart failure (NYHA III/IV), or high risk of, or known, uncontrolled arrhythmia.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02106091

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United States, Massachusetts
Tufts Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02111
Charles Hospital Prague
Prague, Czechia, 11636
University Hospital of the Saarland
Homburg/Saar, Germany, 66421
University Hospital
Kiel, Germany, 24105
University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
Mainz, Germany, 55131
University Hospital
Ulm, Germany, 89081
University Hospital
Wuerzburg, Germany, 97080
SP ZOZ University Hospital Krakow
Krakow, Poland, 31501
MTZ Clinical Research
Warsaw, Poland, 02106
Sponsors and Collaborators
Affimed GmbH
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Responsible Party: Affimed GmbH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02106091    
Other Study ID Numbers: AFM11-101
2013-001919-78 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 8, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 18, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases