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A Feasibility Study to Assess Tenofovir and Maraviroc Protection Against HIV-1 in Cervical and Vaginal Explants

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Angela Kashuba, PharmD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Identifier:
First received: January 15, 2014
Last updated: June 17, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of a novel method to assess antiretroviral efficacy for protection against HIV-1 infection in vaginal and cervical tissue biopsies.

Condition Intervention Phase
Healthy Adult Females
Drug: Tenofovir
Drug: Maraviroc
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Feasibility Study to Assess Protection of Vaginal and Cervical Tissues From Ex-Vivo HIV-1 Challenge Following Oral Administration of Maraviroc and Tenofovir

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evidence of explant infection [ Time Frame: 2 days post-biopsy ]
    To determine if oral administration of tenofovir plus maraviroc can protect mucosal tissues from HIV infection in an ex-vivo HIV challenge of biopsies collected post-dose.

Enrollment: 6
Study Start Date: February 2014
Study Completion Date: April 2014
Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: All Participants
Maraviroc 600 mg + Tenofovir 600 mg
Drug: Tenofovir
Other Names:
  • Tenofovir disoproxil fumurate
  • Viread
Drug: Maraviroc
Other Name: Selzentry

Detailed Description:

Participants: Six premenopausal healthy volunteer women between 18-49 years of age with an intact uterus and cervix.

Procedures (methods): Subjects will be given a single dose of two oral antiretrovirals (maraviroc 600mg/tenofovir 600 mg). Subjects will be monitored and assessed for adverse events post-dose. Subjects will be sent home and asked to return in 24 hours. 24 hours post-dose, two vaginal and two cervical biopsies will be obtained. These biopsies will then be placed in an ex-vivo culture system and exposed to HIV. Viral RNA will be measured over two days to determine whether the tissues were protected from infection. A final visit for safety will be conducted 7-14 days post-enrollment.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy pre-menopausal female subjects between the ages of 18-49, inclusive, with an intact uterus and cervix. (Healthy is defined as no irregular menstrual cycles or clinically relevant abnormalities identified by a detailed medical history, full physical examination, including blood pressure and pulse rate measurement, 12-lead ECG and clinical laboratory tests)
  • All subjects must have an estimated calculated creatinine clearance (eCcr) of at least 80 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula where: eCcr (female) in mL/min = [(140 - age in years) x (weight in kg) x 0.85] / (72x serum creatinine in mg/dL).
  • All subjects must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and negative urine pregnancy tests on days of dose administration and should be using at least one of the following methods of contraception from the screening visit through 72 hours prior to first outpatient visit (at which time the women will be asked to remain abstinent until after their follow-up visit)

    • Systemic hormonal contraceptive (oral, depot, transdermal or implant)
    • Intrauterine device placed at least 1 month prior to study enrollment
    • Bilateral tubal ligation (Sterilization)
    • Vasectomized male partners
    • Condom + Spermicide
    • Unless engaged in sexual activity with female only sex partners or abstinent for at least 3 months prior with no intention of becoming sexually active during the study period. Any history of recent or present concomitant male sex partners will be addressed and ruled out in the context of screening participants for eligibility for the protocol
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) of approximately 18 to 34 kg/m2; and a total body weight > 50 kg (110 lbs).
  • Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the subject has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the trial.
  • Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and other trial procedures.
  • Subject must have documentation of a normal pap smear within 36 months of the screening visit, no procedures for abnormal cervical/vaginal pathology in the last six months, at least one prior gynecological visit as part of subject's routine medical history. If subjects have had a gynecological exam but no history of Pap smear, a Pap smear will be completed at screening and paid for by the study.
  • Subject must be willing to abstain from sexual intercourse, douching, and all intravaginal objects and products for at least 72 hours prior to first study visit until study completion.
  • Subject must be HIV-1 and Hepatitis B surface antigen negative as documented on screening labs.
  • Subject must not be actively involved in the conception process.
  • Subject must be able to swallow pills and have no allergies to any component of the study products.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence or history of clinically significant hematological, renal, endocrine, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, psychiatric, neurologic, or allergic disease (including documented drug allergies, but excluding untreated, asymptomatic, seasonal allergies at time of dosing).
  • Subjects with a history of hysterectomy, or other clinically significant surgery of the female genital tract.
  • Subjects who are pregnant, possibly pregnant or lactating
  • Subjects with a presence of vaginal discharge or genital bleeding at screening
  • History of febrile illness within five days prior to medication dosing.
  • Any condition possibly affecting drug absorption (eg, gastrectomy).
  • A positive urine drug screen.
  • A positive result for HIV.
  • Active Hepatitis B infection as determined by positive Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) tests (in the absence of HBsAb).
  • Active Hepatitis C (HCV) infection as defined by positive HCV Ab (determined by multi-antigen EIA) and detectable Hepatitis C RNA.
  • A positive test for syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, or trichomonas at screening.
  • Any laboratory chemistry or hematology result Grade 2 or greater according to the Division of Allergy and Infectious Disease (DAIDS) Laboratory Grading Tables
  • Treatment with an investigational drug within 4 months preceding the first dose of trial medication.
  • History of regular alcohol consumption exceeding 14 drinks (1 drink = 5 ounces (150 mL) of wine or 12 ounces (360 mL) of beer or 1.5 ounces (45 mL) of spirits) per week.
  • Use of prescription or nonprescription drugs, vitamins, and dietary supplements within 7 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of trial medication and unable to avoid use during the inpatient pharmacokinetic visit. As an exception, systemic hormonal methods of contraception can be continued.
  • History of sensitivity to heparin or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.
  • Allergy to lidocaine or Monsel's solution.
  • Allergy to latex.
  • Abnormal pap smear in the past 12 months
  • Any degree of ectopy or abnormality evident during the pelvic exam at screening.
  • Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, is likely to interfere with follow-up or ability to take the study medication appropriately.
  • Unwilling or unable to comply with the following dietary and concomitant drug restrictions in regard to study drug administration as outlined in the study procedures and prohibited medications sections.
  • Subjects will not be allowed to eat or drink grapefruit containing products from 7 days prior to the first dose of trial medication until after collection of biopsy sample.
  • Must refrain from taking any prescription, non-prescription, herbal, vitamin or dietary supplement within at least 7 days of the study visit through completion of the study without discussing with the study staff.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT02039323

United States, North Carolina
CTRC University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Principal Investigator: Angela DM Kashuba, PharmD UNC at Chapel hill
  More Information

Responsible Party: Angela Kashuba, PharmD, PharmD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Identifier: NCT02039323     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-3940
Study First Received: January 15, 2014
Last Updated: June 17, 2014

Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
Tenofovir disoproxil
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-HIV agents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
CCR5 Receptor Antagonists processed this record on April 25, 2017