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Foster Teens' Risk During Transition (LINKS)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified December 2015 by Oregon Social Learning Center
San Diego State University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Oregon Social Learning Center Identifier:
First received: January 13, 2014
Last updated: December 10, 2015
Last verified: December 2015
The purpose of this study is to conduct a randomized effectiveness trial to determine whether adding a preventive intervention at the transition from elementary to middle school is effective and cost effective in terms of ameliorating outcomes such as drug and tobacco use, participation in HIV- risking sexual behavior, delinquency, mental health problems, and school failure for young adolescents in foster care. The proposed LINKS intervention marries the goals of child welfare and educational systems. The aims are: a) to determine the effectiveness of the LINKS intervention on key behavioral health and school adjustment outcomes, b) to examine mechanisms of action; specifically the mediating effects of placement failure on outcomes, c) to examine the moderating role of fidelity on outcomes, and d) to examine cost effectiveness and cost avoidance of LINKS.

Condition Intervention Phase
School Adjustment Foster Care Disruptions Behavioral: LINKS Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Foster Teens' Risk During Transition: Preventing Drug Use, HIV, & School Problems

Further study details as provided by Oregon Social Learning Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Placement Failures [ Time Frame: between Baseline and 18-Months later ]

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: December 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: LINKS Behavioral: LINKS
In the LINKS, foster/kin parents will participate in weekly group meetings led by well-trained and supervised paraprofessional facilitators (school behavioral aids and foster parents) where the curriculum is based on parent management training (PMT). In previous studies, attendance at such groups has been high, averaging about 75-80%. Missed sessions will be "made up" with an in-person visit to the foster/kin home during the week of the original session. In addition, youth in the intervention condition will receive individual skill building sessions from a Life Skills Coach to increase their competency at goal setting, refusal skills, and peer relations.
No Intervention: Services as Usual


Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Years to 13 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • the focal youth will be transitioning into middle school
  • the focal youth is in either a foster or kinship care home
  • the focal youth has been in the home for a minimum of 30 days (including those who are newly placed in care and those moving from another type of placement).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • youth who are are considered medically fragile (i.e., severely physically or mentally handicapped)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT02037750

Contact: Courtenay Padgett, M.S. 5414852711 ext 1332

United States, California
Child and Adolescent Services Research Center Recruiting
San Diego, California, United States, 92123
Contact: Norma Talementes    858-966-7703 ext 3646   
Principal Investigator: Joe Price, Phd         
San Diego State University Foundation Recruiting
San Diego, California, United States, 92182-1948
Contact: Joe Price, Phd    858-966-7703   
Principal Investigator: Joe Price, Phd         
United States, Oregon
Oregon Social Learning Center Recruiting
Eugene, Oregon, United States, 97401
Contact: Courtenay Padgett, M.S.    541-485-2711   
Principal Investigator: Patricia Chamberlain, Phd         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oregon Social Learning Center
San Diego State University
Principal Investigator: Patricia Chamberlain, Phd Oregon Social Learning Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Oregon Social Learning Center Identifier: NCT02037750     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01DA032634 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: January 13, 2014
Last Updated: December 10, 2015

Keywords provided by Oregon Social Learning Center:
foster care
school adjustment processed this record on August 23, 2017