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Way to Be Active IV (Framing vs Incentives)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02030080
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 8, 2014
Results First Posted : December 4, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 29, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania

Brief Summary:

Employers are increasingly looking for opportunities to motivate sedentary employees to become more physically active. Workplace walking programs have had mixed success and typically show most improvement among participants that are already fairly active at a baseline. The goal of this study is to determine whether a financial incentive program can motivate sedentary employees to increase the number of steps they walk per day to meet a minimum threshold.

The primary outcome measure is the proportion of days a minimum activity of 7000 steps or more is achieved. Outcomes will be assessed each week for 3 months using incentives followed by 3 months of follow-up without incentives. Secondary outcomes will include the average steps walked per day.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sedentary Lifestyle Behavioral: Financial incentives Behavioral: Teams Behavioral: Framing of feedback Behavioral: Daily Feedback Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 288 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Randomized Trial of Behavioral Economic Interventions to Improve Physical Activities: Framing vs Incentives
Study Start Date : January 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Feedback 50th Percentile
At the end of each week, participants will be told the average daily step count for their team for the previous week. They will also be told the average for the 50th percentile in their arm.
Behavioral: Teams
Behavioral: Daily Feedback
Participants will be given daily feedback on whether or not they walked 7000 steps or more the day before.

Experimental: Feedback 75th Percentile
At the end of each week, participants will be told the average daily step count for their team for the previous week. They will also be told the average for the 75th percentile in their arm.
Behavioral: Teams
Behavioral: Framing of feedback
Behavioral: Daily Feedback
Participants will be given daily feedback on whether or not they walked 7000 steps or more the day before.

Experimental: Feedback 50th Percentile + Lottery
At the end of each week, participants will be told the average daily step count for their team for the previous week. They will also be told the average for the 50th percentile in their arm. If their team's average daily step count is ≥ 7000 steps, they'll be eligible to collect winnings from a weekly lottery. Teams whose average daily step count is less than 7000 will receive messages about how much they would have won had the team met its goal.
Behavioral: Financial incentives
Behavioral: Teams
Behavioral: Daily Feedback
Participants will be given daily feedback on whether or not they walked 7000 steps or more the day before.

Experimental: Feedback 75th Percentile + Lottery
At the end of each week, participants will be told the average daily step count for their team for the previous week. They will also be told the average for the 75th percentile in their arm. If their team's average daily step count is ≥ 7000 steps, they'll be eligible to collect winnings from a weekly lottery. Teams whose average daily step count is less than 7000 will receive messages about how much they would have won had the team met its goal.
Behavioral: Financial incentives
Behavioral: Teams
Behavioral: Framing of feedback
Behavioral: Daily Feedback
Participants will be given daily feedback on whether or not they walked 7000 steps or more the day before.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Days a Participant Walks 7000 Steps or More [ Time Frame: Throughout 6-month study ]
    The primary outcome measure is the proportion of days a minimum activity of 7000 steps or more is achieved. Outcomes will be assessed each week for 3 months using incentives followed by 3 months of follow-up without incentives. Below we report the highest mean proportions found.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Average Number of Steps Per Day [ Time Frame: Throughout the 6-month study ]
    Secondary outcomes include average number of steps per day during the incentive period (first 3 months) and follow-up period (second 3 months).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age greater than 18.
  • Participant will need an iPhone or Android smartphone to be able to use the Moves App for tracking steps

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating
  • Currently participating in another physical activity study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02030080


Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 09104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Investigators
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Study Director: Mitesh Patel, MD, MBA University of Pennsylvania
Principal Investigator: Kevin Volpp, MD, PhD University of Pennsylvania
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02030080    
Other Study ID Numbers: 819371
First Posted: January 8, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 4, 2017
Last Update Posted: December 29, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017
Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:
Pedometers
Walking
Financial incentives
Sedentary lifestyle
Behavioral economics