Reducing Offenders' HIV Risk: MI Enhanced Case Management With Drug-Free Housing
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01977092|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 6, 2013
Last Update Posted : September 26, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Alcohol and Drug Abuse||Behavioral: Motivational interviewing case management Behavioral: Resource referrals||Not Applicable|
Show Detailed Description
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||330 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Reducing Offenders' HIV Risk: MI Enhanced Case Management With Drug-Free Housing|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 2017|
Experimental: Motivational interviewing case management
MICM intervention combines aspects of motivational interviewing along with case management to influence HIV risk and recovery from alcohol and drug problems. Participants assigned to the MICM condition will receive 3 individual sessions within the first 2 weeks of entering the SLH. Thereafter they will have contact with the MICM therapist monthly throughout the duration of their enrollment in the study (12 months).
|Behavioral: Motivational interviewing case management|
Respondents will receive SLH services as usual along with a list of resources that can be used to address a variety of problems.
|Behavioral: Resource referrals|
- Change in criminal justice outcomes [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo, 12-mo ]Measured by number of arrests, convictions, and length of time incarcerated.
- Change in Alcohol and Drug Use (Alcohol Severity Index & Timeline Follow Back) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo, 12-mo ]Measured by number of days of use for specific drugs in last 30 days and last 6 months.
- Change in needle use and injection, sexual risk behaviors, and HIV status and testing. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by how often needles were used, shared and cleaned; frequency of high risk sexual behaviors; how recently HIV testing was completed and level of concern about exposure to HIV.
- Change in Alcohol Severity Index (ASI) Scales [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured utilizing the standard ASI scales.
- Change in housing stability [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by recent housing situation, how stable the situation is, ability to pay for housing, and how many days living in controlled environments.
- Change in work and income history [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by level of income and how many days worked in the last 30 days and last 6 months.
- Change in social support [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by how frequently the respondent either received or offered support from/to family and friends in the last 12 months.
- Changes in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)/ Narcotics Anonymous (NA) involvement [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by how many AA/NA meetings were attended in the last 6 months, and measures of identification with AA/NA programs.
- Changes in services received [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by how often common services, such as medical and counseling services, were accessed in the prior 2 months.
- Changes in support and confrontations with family, friends and professionals about drug and alcohol use [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by how often significant people in their lives confronted the respondents about making changes to alcohol and drug use.
- Changes in occurrence and impact from trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and abuse history [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by how much past traumatic events are causing bothersome feelings and experiences, whether past physical or sexual abuse has occurred and how recently it has happened.
- Changes in motivation to change based on the Alcohol and Drug Consequences Questionnaire (ADCQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by two scales that assess motivation to change substance abuse, based on consequences and benefits significant to the respondents.
- Changes in results from urine screens for drugs [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-mo and 12-mo ]Measured by positive or negative drug rest results.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01977092
|United States, California|
|Alcohol Research Group|
|Emeryville, California, United States, 94608|
|Principal Investigator:||Doug Polcin, Ed.D||Alcohol Research Group / Public Health Institute|