HsTnT in Stable Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Life threatening manifestations such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and sudden cardiac death are the most important causes of death in many countries. Cardiac troponin is a biomarker with a high specificity for cardiac necrosis and is recommended for diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction by the Universal definition of myocardial infarction. Since a new generation of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays has become commercially available a few years ago, myocardial infarction can be detected earlier and even small AMIs, that were classified as unstable angina pectoris (UAP) with the less sensitive assays, are detectable now. On the other side, more patients with acute or chronic myocardial damage not due to AMI are identified now. Thereby, the reason for elevated troponin levels should be sought actively, because high troponin levels were associated with adverse outcome - independent of the underlying pathomechanism. The reasons for troponin elevations in patients with stable CAD are not clear yet. Associations with extensive atherosclerosis, carotid lesions and complex coronary plaques in coronary CT scans were reported. Therefore, patients with elevated troponin levels represent a risk population and might profit from intensified secondary prevention. In this context, ticagrelor might be part of a prevention strategy as currently tested in the PEGASUS trial.
We plan to conduct a single-centre pilot study in a cohort with clinically stable patients of our outpatient clinic, because data regarding prevalence, causes and prognosis of elevated troponin values in unselected cohorts is sparse. Therefore, all patients (n=910) that presented to our outpatient clinic 12 months after introduction of the high-sensitivity troponin T assay (june 2009) and were free of complaints or presented with UAP are being enrolled. All patients are characterized by demographic, laboratory and clinical characteristics (including medication) and all available imaging data (exercise-ecg, echocardiography, stress-echocardiography, computed tomography, cardiac MRI and coronary angiography) in order to compare baseline characteristics of troponin positive and troponin negative patients. In addition, the Framingham- and PROCAM-Score representing established calculators of long-term risk prediction are calculated.
Prognostic endpoints are defined as severe cardiovascular events and progress of the initially diagnosed disease. Those endpoints are associated with the initial hs-cTnT value and serial changes.
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Retrospective|
|Official Title:||Elevated High-sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T Levels in Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease|
- Cardiovascular death [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
- Recurrent Myocardial Infarction [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
- Recurrent coronary intervention [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients are divided into "troponin positive" (if hsTnT on first presentation is <14 ng/L) and "troponin negative" (if hsTnT on first presentation is >=14 ng/l).
|Other: Progress of CHD|
|Progress of CHD|