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Trametinib and Akt Inhibitor GSK2141795 in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01989598
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 21, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 10, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well trametinib and Akt inhibitor GSK2141795 work in treating patients with multiple myeloma that has come back (relapsed) or that does not respond to treatment (refractory). Trametinib and Akt inhibitor GSK2141795 may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma Refractory Plasma Cell Myeloma Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Other: Pharmacological Study Drug: Trametinib Drug: Uprosertib Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To evaluate the antitumor activity of trametinib determined by overall response rate (ORR) in patients that are stratified into groups based on: biomarker positive (neuroblastoma RAS viral [v-ras] oncogene homolog [NRAS], v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog [KRAS], v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 [BRAF] mutated) and biomarker negative (without NRAS, KRAS, BRAF mutation).


I. To evaluate progression free survival (PFS) and duration of response (DOR) in the two stratified groups.

II. To document ORR after the addition of GSK2141795 (Akt inhibitor GSK2141795) to trametinib in patients who have developed progressive disease or have achieved less than a partial response (PR) after 4 cycles of treatment.

III. To evaluate PFS and DOR in patients receiving trametinib plus GSK2141795. IV. To evaluate the safety profile of trametinib with and without GSK2141795.


I. To explore the relationship between clinical response and pharmacodynamic (PD) markers.

II. To explore the relationship between v-maf avian musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog (MAF) expression as determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), chromosomal abnormalities detected by florescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and clinical response.

III. To explore the role of integrin beta7 as a biomarker of MAF expression. IV. To explore the relationship between objective clinical response as well as progressive disease and the tumor mutational profile.

V. To explore mechanism of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/v-akt Murine Thymoma Viral Oncogene Homolog 1 (AKT) and retrovirus-associated deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequence (RAS)-mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)-mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (ERK) activation and correlate these with clinical response and PD markers.

IV. To explore the feasibility of extracting circulating free tumor DNA (cfDNA) from peripheral blood and detecting RAS and RAF mutations using cfDNA.


Patients receive trametinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with progressive disease or who achieve less than PR after 4 courses may also receive Akt inhibitor GSK2141795 PO daily on days 1-28.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Sequential Trametinib and GSK2141795 in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : October 30, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma
Drug Information available for: Trametinib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (trametinib, Akt inhibitor GSK2141795)
Patients receive trametinib orally PO QD on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with progressive disease or who achieve less than PR after 4 courses may also receive Akt inhibitor GSK2141795 PO daily on days 1-28.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Trametinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • GSK1120212
  • JTP-74057
  • MEK Inhibitor GSK1120212
  • Mekinist

Drug: Uprosertib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • GSK2141795
  • Oral Akt Inhibitor GSK2141795

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. ORR evidenced by confirmed response rate, defined as number of patients with partial response or better by International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria divided by the number of patients in the applicable group (biomarker positive or negative) [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
    The patient will be classified as having had a response if he/she has a confirmed response (i.e., a stringent complete response, or complete response or near complete response or very good partial response or partial response noted as the objective status of two consecutive assessments). The rate of minor response and PD will also be observed.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PFS [ Time Frame: Time from the date of start of treatment to the date of documented progression (based on IMWG criteria) or death due to any cause, assessed up to 4 weeks ]
    Summarized for each cohort using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  2. DOR [ Time Frame: From the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented or to death due to multiple myeloma, assessed up to 4 weeks ]
    Summarized for each cohort using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  3. ORR after the addition of AKT inhibitor GSK2141795 to trametinib in patients who have developed progressive disease or have achieved less than a PR [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
  4. Incidence of adverse event reactions reported according to CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
    Reported by type, frequency, and severity.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Pharmacodynamic markers of trametinib [ Time Frame: Baseline, day 1 of course 2, progression ]
    Analyses will be descriptively summarized.

  2. Chromosomal abnormalities as determined by FISH [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
    Analyses will be descriptively summarized.

  3. Tumor mutational profile by next generation sequencing [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
    Analyses will be descriptively summarized.

  4. Change in RAS-MEK-ERK activation determined by phospho-flow cytometry and RPPA [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 4 weeks ]
    Analyses will be descriptively summarized.

  5. Detection of RAS and RAF mutations using cfDNA [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
    Ultra-deep sequencing will be performed on cfDNA to assess the feasibility of detecting mutations of NRAS, KRAS and BRAF from peripheral blood samples.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed multiple myeloma not otherwise specified (NOS) (10028566)
  • Patients must have measurable disease as defined as at least one of the following (these baseline laboratory studies for determining eligibility must be obtained within 28 days prior to enrollment):

    • Serum M-protein >= 0.5 g/dl (>= 5 g/l)
    • Urine M-protein >= 200 mg/24 h
    • Serum free light chains (FLC) assay: involved FLC level >= 10 mg/dl (>= 100 mg/l) and an abnormal serum free light chain ratio (< 0.26 or > 1.65)
    • Biopsy proven plasmacytoma (should be measured within 28 days of first study drug administration); prior biopsy is acceptable
    • If the serum protein electrophoresis is unreliable for routine M-protein measurement, quantitative immunoglobulin levels on nephelometry or turbidimetry will be followed
  • A diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM) and documentation of relapsed or relapse/refractory status following at least 2 prior lines of therapy
  • Documented laboratory (lab) results confirming tumor mutational status must be obtained at screening; patients in whom mutational status cannot be determined will be deemed ineligible
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 6 months
  • Able to swallow and retain orally-administered medication and does not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels
  • All prior treatment-related toxicities must be Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v)4 grade =< 1 (except alopecia) at the time of registration; subjects with toxicities attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy which are not expected to resolve and result in long lasting sequelae are permitted to enroll
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.0 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL
  • Platelets >= 50 x 10^9/L
  • Albumin >= 2.5 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (isolated bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin < 35%)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR calculated creatinine clearance (Cockroft-Gault formula) >= 30 mL/min OR 24-hour urine creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 x institutional ULN
  • Fasting serum glucose < 126 mg/dl (7 mmol/l)
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= institutional lower limit of normal (LLN) by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA)
  • Subjects that have been previously diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or steroid-induced diabetes must also meet the additional following criteria:

    • Diagnosed with diabetes >= 6 months prior to enrollment
    • Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) =< 8% at screening visit
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the start of protocol therapy; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of trametinib administration
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of another malignancy; exception: patients who have been disease-free for 3 years, or patients with a history of completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer and/or patients with indolent second malignancies, are eligible; consult the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) medical monitor if unsure whether second malignancies meet the requirements specified above
  • History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis
  • Diabetes mellitus currently requiring insulin; subjects with a history of steroid-induced hyperglycemia may be enrolled provided that HbA1C at screening visit is =< 8%
  • Any major surgery, extensive radiotherapy, chemotherapy with delayed toxicity, biologic therapy, or immunotherapy within 28 days prior to randomization and/or daily or weekly chemotherapy or other approved anti-myeloma therapy without the potential for delayed toxicity within 14 days prior to registration
  • Use of other investigational drugs within 28 days preceding the first dose of trametinib and during the study
  • Symptomatic or untreated leptomeningeal or brain metastases or spinal cord compression
  • Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to trametinib or excipients or to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or GSK214795
  • Current use of a prohibited medication; the following medications or non-drug therapies are prohibited:

    • Other anti-cancer therapy while on study treatment; (note: megestrol [Megace] if used as an appetite stimulant is allowed)
    • Concurrent treatment with bisphosphonates is permitted; however, treatment must be initiated prior to the first dose of study therapy; prophylactic use of bisphosphonates in patients without bone disease is not permitted, except for the treatment of osteoporosis
    • The concurrent use of all herbal supplements is prohibited during the study (including, but not limited to, St. John's wort, kava, ephedra [ma huang], gingko biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEA], yohimbe, saw palmetto, or ginseng)
  • In vitro data indicate that GSK2141795 is a cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) substrate; drugs that potently inhibit CYP3A4 could lead to increased GSK2141795 exposure in subjects, and should either be prohibited or used with caution; drugs which are strong inducers of cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A) and may result in lower exposures of GSK2141795 should also be prohibited; GSK2141795 also appears to be a moderate in vitro inhibitor of cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 8 (CYP2C8) (50% inhibitory concentration [IC50] 3 mcM) and CYP3A4 (IC50 11 mcM); drugs that are substrates of CYP3A4 or CYP2C8 with a narrow therapeutic index may be prohibited; drugs that are sensitive substrates of CYP3A4 or CYP2C8 should be used with caution
  • History or current evidence/risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or retinal pigment epithelial detachment (RPED):

    • History of RVO or RPED, or predisposing factors to RVO or RPED (e.g., uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension, uncontrolled systemic disease such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or history of hyperviscosity or hypercoagulability syndromes)
    • Visible retinal pathology as assessed by ophthalmic exam that is considered a risk factor for RVO or RPED such as evidence of new optic disc cupping, evidence of new visual field defects, and intraocular pressure > 21 mmHg
  • History or evidence of cardiovascular risk including any of the following:

    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < LLN
    • A QT interval corrected for heart rate using the Bazett's formula Fridericia corrected QT interval (QTcB) >= 480 msec (>= 500 msec for subjects with bundle branch block)
    • History or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias (exception: patients with controlled atrial fibrillation for > 30 days prior to randomization are eligible)
    • Other clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities including second (2nd) degree (type II) or third (3rd) degree atrioventricular (AV) block
    • Subject with intra-cardiac defibrillators or pacemakers
    • History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction and unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within 6 months prior to randomization
    • History or evidence of current >= class II congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system
    • Treatment-refractory hypertension defined as a blood pressure of systolic > 140 mmHg and/or diastolic > 90 mmHg which cannot be controlled by anti-hypertensive therapy
    • Known cardiac metastases
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (with the exception of chronic or cleared HBV and HCV infection, which will be allowed)
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • The study drug must not be administered to pregnant women or nursing mothers; women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid pregnancy and use effective methods of contraception; men with a female partner of childbearing potential must have either had a prior vasectomy or agree to use effective contraception; if a female patient or a female partner of a patient becomes pregnant while the patient receives trametinib, the potential hazard to the fetus should be explained to the patient and partner (as applicable); these potential risks may also apply to GSK2141795

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01989598

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Canada, Alberta
Foothills Hospital
Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 2T9
Tom Baker Cancer Centre
Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 4N2
Cross Cancer Institute
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 1Z2
Canada, Ontario
Kingston Health Sciences Centre
Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 2V7
University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Suzanne Trudel University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT01989598    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01951495
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2013-02148
NCI-2013-02148 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
9460 ( Other Identifier: University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital )
9460 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM00032 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA186644 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 21, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 10, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action