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A Safety and Pharmacokinetic Study of TAK-228 in Combination With TAK-117 in Adult Participants With Advanced Nonhematologic Malignancies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01899053
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 15, 2013
Results First Posted : October 30, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and to determine dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), and dosing schedules of oral TAK-228+TAK-117. It also evaluated the single- and multiple-dose plasma pharmacokinetics (PK) of TAK-228+TAK-117 in participants with advanced nonhematologic malignancies.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Nonhematologic Malignancies Drug: TAK-228 Drug: TAK-117 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The drug being tested in this study was TAK-228. TAK-228 was tested to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics and efficacy, of TAK-228 in combination with TAK-117 when administered to adult participants with advanced nonhematologic malignancies.

The study enrolled 101 patients. The study consisted of 2 phases: an escalation stage followed by an expansion stage. Participants in escalation stage were assigned to the following treatment arms:

  • Dose escalation treatment arm A: TAK-228 2 or 4 mg capsule
  • Dose escalation treatment arm B: TAK-228 3, 4, 6 or 8 mg capsule
  • Dose escalation treatment arm C: TAK-228 3 mg capsule

Upon completion of the escalation stage, 1 combination treatment regimen was selected for further safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and mutual drug-drug interaction characterization in the expansion stage. During treatment, participants in both stages received TAK-228 and TAK-117 capsules at prespecified doses in repeated 28-day cycles.

This multi-center trial conducted in the United States, United Kingdom and Spain. The overall time to participate in this study was approximately 68 weeks. Participants made multiple visits to the clinic, and a final visit after 30 days after last dose of study drug.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 101 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Open-label, Phase 1b Study of MLN0128 (an Oral mTORC1/2 Inhibitor) in Combination With MLN1117 (an Oral PI3Kα Inhibitor) in Adult Patients With Advanced Nonhematologic Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : June 28, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : April 30, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose Escalation Treatment Arm A
TAK-228 2 or 4 mg, capsule (milled or unmilled), orally, once daily every day (QD), and TAK-117 100, 200 or 300 mg, capsule, orally, once on Monday, Wednesday and Friday each week (MWF QW) for up to 13 cycles (each cycle was 28 days), up to approximately 52 weeks.
Drug: TAK-228
TAK-228 Capsules
Other Name: MLN0128, INK128 or Sapanisertib

Drug: TAK-117
TAK-117 Capsules
Other Name: MLN1117

Experimental: Dose Escalation Treatment Arm B
TAK-228 3, 4, 6 or 8 mg, capsule (milled or unmilled), orally, once on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday each week (MTuW QW), and TAK-117 100 or 200 mg, capsule, orally, once on MTuW QW for up to 9 cycles (each cycle was 28 days), up to approximately 38.7 weeks.
Drug: TAK-228
TAK-228 Capsules
Other Name: MLN0128, INK128 or Sapanisertib

Drug: TAK-117
TAK-117 Capsules
Other Name: MLN1117

Experimental: Dose Escalation Treatment Arm C
TAK-228 3 mg, capsule (milled or unmilled), orally, once on MTuW QW, and TAK-117 300 or 400 mg, capsule, orally, once on MTuW QW for up to 17 cycles (each cycle was 28 days), up to approximately 64.3 weeks.
Drug: TAK-228
TAK-228 Capsules
Other Name: MLN0128, INK128 or Sapanisertib

Drug: TAK-117
TAK-117 Capsules
Other Name: MLN1117

Experimental: Drug-Drug Interaction (DDI) Expansion Cohort
TAK-228 4 mg, capsule (milled), orally, once on MTuW QW except on Days 15, 16 and 17 of Cycle 1, and TAK-117 200 mg, capsule, orally, once on MTuW QW except on Days 1, 2 and 3 of Cycle 1 for up to 8 cycles (each cycle was 28 days), up to approximately 31.4 weeks.
Drug: TAK-228
TAK-228 Capsules
Other Name: MLN0128, INK128 or Sapanisertib

Drug: TAK-117
TAK-117 Capsules
Other Name: MLN1117




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Who Experienced at Least One or More Treatment-Emergent Adverse Event (TEAEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From Baseline to 30 days after the last dose of study drug (Up to approximately 68 weeks) ]
    An Adverse Event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a drug; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. A TEAE is defined as an adverse event with an onset that occurs after receiving study drug. A SAE is any untoward medical occurrence or effect that at any dose results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability / incapacity, is a congenital anomaly / birth defect or is medically important due to other reasons than the above-mentioned criteria.

  2. Tmax: Time to Reach the Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-228 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  3. Cmax: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-228 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  4. AUClast: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time 0 to the Time of the Last Observed Quantifiable Concentration After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-228 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  5. Terminal Phase Elimination Half-life (T1/2) After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-228 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  6. CL/F: Apparent Clearance After Extravascular Administration, Calculated Using the Observed Value of the Last Quantifiable Concentration After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-228 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  7. RAC: Accumulation Ratio for TAK-228 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
    Accumulation ratio was based on AUC(0-24) between Cycle 1 Day 24 and Cycle 1 Day 1 (e.g. AUC(0-24) [Cycle 1 Day 24]/ AUC(0-24) [Cycle1 Day 1].

  8. Peak to Trough Ratio for TAK-228 After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-228 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  9. Tmax: Time to Reach the Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-117 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  10. Cmax: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-117 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  11. AUClast: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time 0 to the Time of the Last Observed Quantifiable Concentration After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-117 in Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  12. Terminal Phase Elimination Half-life (T1/2) After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-117 in Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  13. CL/F: Apparent Clearance After Extravascular Administration, Calculated Using the Observed Value of the Last Quantifiable Concentration After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-117 in Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  14. RAC: Accumulation Ratio for TAK-117 in the Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
    Accumulation ratio was based on AUC(0-24) between Cycle 1 Day 24 and Cycle 1 Day 1 (e.g. AUC(0-24) [Cycle 1 Day 24]/ AUC(0-24) [Cycle1 Day 1].

  15. Peak to Trough Ratio After Single-dose and Multiple-dose of TAK-117 in Dose Escalation Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 and 24 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  16. Tmax: Time to Reach the Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration for TAK-228 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 10 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  17. Cmax: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration for TAK-228 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 10 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  18. AUClast: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time 0 to the Time of the Last Observed Quantifiable Concentration for TAK-228 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 10 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  19. Terminal Phase Elimination Half-life (T1/2) for TAK-228 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 10 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  20. CL/F: Apparent Clearance After Extravascular Administration, Calculated Using the Observed Value of the Last Quantifiable Concentration for TAK-228 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 10 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  21. Peak to Trough Ratio for TAK-228 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 10 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  22. Tmax: Time to Reach the Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration for TAK-117 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 17 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  23. Cmax: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration for TAK-117 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 17 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  24. AUClast: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time 0 to the Time of the Last Observed Quantifiable Concentration for TAK-117 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 17 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  25. Terminal Phase Elimination Half-life (T1/2) for TAK-117 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 17 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  26. CL/F: Apparent Clearance After Extravascular Administration, Calculated Using the Observed Value of the Last Quantifiable Concentration for TAK-117 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 17 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]
  27. Peak to Trough Ratio for TAK-117 in DDI Expansion Cohort [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 3 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 8 hours) postdose; Cycle 1, Day 17 predose and at multiple timepoints (up to 24 hours) postdose ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) Based on Investigator's Assessment According to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Days 22 up to Day 28 of Cycle and every even-numbered cycle until disease progression or EOS (Up to approximately 68 weeks) ]
    ORR defined as the percentage of participants with Complete Response (CR) + Partial Response (PR) as assessed by the investigator according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria 1.1 for target lesions and assessed by CT or MRI. CR is defined as disappearance of all target lesions and PR is defined as 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter (LD) of target lesions. Stable Disease (SD) is defined as neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease, taking as reference the smallest sum LD since the treatment started.

  2. Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Days 22 up to Day 28 of Cycle and every even-numbered cycle until disease progression or EOS (Up to approximately 68 weeks) ]
    The DOR is defined as the time from the date of first documented response of CR/PR to the first documented progressive disease (PD), or censored at the last response assessment date that is SD or better for a participant that has not progressed. CR was defined as the disappearance of all target lesions and for non-target lesions, the disappearance of all non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level. PR was defined of at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter (LD) of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum LD and for non-target lesions.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female participants 18 years or older
  • Participants must have a diagnosis and documented disease progression of a solid tumor malignancy, excluding primary brain tumor, for which standard, curative, or life prolonging treatment does not exist or is no longer effective
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
  • Female participants who are postmenopausal for at least 1 year prior to screening. For women of child-bearing potential agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception or agree to practice true abstinence
  • Male participants must agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 30 days after last dose of study drug or practice true abstinence
  • Voluntary written consent
  • Suitable venous access
  • Participants must have a block of banked tumor tissue and/or fresh tumor tissue or at least 10 unstained slides available to be sent to the central laboratory
  • Clinical laboratory values as specified in the protocol
  • Participants must have radiographically or clinically evaluable tumor

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Female participants who are lactating and breastfeeding or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the Screening period or a positive urine pregnancy test on Day 1 before first dose of study drug
  • Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment
  • Treatment with any investigational products within 30 days before the first dose of study drug
  • Previous treatment with TAK-117 and/or TAK-228; previous treatment with dual mTORC1/2 or dual PI3K-mTOR inhibitors
  • Failed to have recovered from the reversible effects of previous anticancer therapies
  • Have received systemic corticosteroid (inhalers are allowed) within 7 days before the first administration of study drug
  • Known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of study drug
  • Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus
  • Other clinically significant co-morbidities, such as uncontrolled pulmonary disease, active CNS disease, active infection
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Cardiovascular conditions as defined in the protocol
  • A requirement for positive inotropic support (excluding digoxin) or serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia (including atrial flutter/fibrillation) within 1 year before screening
  • Participants who are taking proton pump inhibitors within 7 days of the first dose or who require treatment with proton pump inhibitors during the trial or those who are taking histamine-2 (H2) receptor antagonists within 24 hours of the first dose
  • Participants who received previous therapy with PI3K inhibitors or rapalogs will be allowed in the study if all other inclusion/exclusion criteria are met
  • Diagnosis of primary brain tumor or symptomatic brain metastasis. Participants with brain metastases must be without neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events (AEs)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01899053


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
United States, Tennessee
Nashville, Tennessee, United States
United States, Texas
San Antonio, Texas, United States
Spain
Barcelona, Spain
United Kingdom
Sutton, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Monitor Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ):
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] August 18, 2016
Study Protocol  [PDF] November 28, 2017


Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01899053    
Other Study ID Numbers: C32001
2013-000466-11 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: July 15, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 30, 2019
Last Update Posted: October 30, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Takeda makes patient-level, de-identified data sets and associated documents available for all interventional studies after applicable marketing approvals and commercial availability have been received (or program is completely terminated), an opportunity for the primary publication of the research and final report development has been allowed, and other criteria have been met as set forth in Takeda's Data Sharing Policy (see www.TakedaClinicalTrials.com for details). To obtain access, researchers must submit a legitimate academic research proposal for adjudication by an independent review panel, who will review the scientific merit of the research and the requestor's qualifications and conflict of interest that can result in potential bias. Once approved, qualified researchers who sign a data sharing agreement are provided access to these data in a secure research environment.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ):
Drug Therapy
TAK-228
TAK-117
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Serabelisib
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action