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Efficacy and Safety of Alogliptin and Metformin Fixed-Dose Combination in Participants With Type 2 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01890122
First received: June 26, 2013
Last updated: October 4, 2016
Last verified: October 2016
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of alogliptin and metformin fixed-dose combination (FDC) as compared with alogliptin alone or metformin alone on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).

Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes Mellitus
Drug: Alogliptin
Drug: Metformin HCl
Drug: Alogliptin and Metformin Fixed-Dose Combination (FDC)
Drug: Alogliptin Placebo
Drug: Metformin Placebo
Drug: Alogliptin and Metformin FDC Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Alogliptin and Metformin Fixed Dose Combination, Alogliptin Alone, or Metformin Alone in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Takeda:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) at Week 26 (or Early Termination) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 (or Early termination) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change in the value of glycosylated hemoglobin (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) collected at Week 26 or early termination relative to baseline. Negative change indicates better glycemic control.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in HbA1c at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change in the value of HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) collected at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 relative to baseline. Negative change indicates better glycemic control.

  • Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change between the FPG value collected at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 26 relative to baseline. Negative change indicates better glycemic control.

  • Time to Hyperglycemic Rescue Event [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization through Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rescue is defined as meeting one of the following criteria, confirmed by a second sample drawn within 7 days of first sample: After >1 week of treatment but prior to Week 4 visit: A single FPG ≥275 mg/dL (≥15.27 mmol/L); From the Week 4 but prior to the Week 8 visit: A single FPG ≥250 mg/dL (≥13.88 mmol/L); From the Week 8 visit but prior to the Week 12 visit: A single FPG ≥225 mg/dL (≥12.49 mmol/L); From the Week 12 visit through the end-of-treatment visit (week 26): HbA1c ≥8.5% and ≤0.5% reduction in HbA1c from baseline. Time to hyperglycemic rescue was censored if the participant did not experience a hyperglycemic rescue event.

  • Percentage of Participants Requiring Hyperglycemic Rescue [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rescue is defined as meeting one of the following criteria, confirmed by a second sample drawn within 7 days of first sample: After >1 week of treatment but prior to Week 4 visit: A single FPG ≥275 mg/dL (≥15.27 mmol/L); From the Week 4 but prior to the Week 8 visit: A single FPG ≥250 mg/dL (≥13.88 mmol/L); From the Week 8 visit but prior to the Week 12 visit: A single FPG ≥225 mg/dL (≥12.49 mmol/L); From the Week 12 visit through the end-of-treatment visit (week 26): HbA1c ≥8.5% and ≤0.5% reduction in HbA1c from baseline.

  • Percentage of Participants With Marked Hyperglycemia [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Marked hyperglycemia is defined as FPG level ≥200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L).

  • Change From Baseline in Body Weight at Weeks 12 and 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 12 and 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change in participant's body weight at Weeks 12 and 26 relative to baseline.

  • Percentage of Participants With Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≤6.5% [ Time Frame: Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response at Week 26 will be assessed by the percentage of participants with HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) ≤6.5%.

  • Percentage of Participants With Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≤7.0% [ Time Frame: Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response at Week 26 will be assessed by the percentage of participants with HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) ≤7%.

  • Percentage of Participants With Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≤7.5% [ Time Frame: Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response at Week 26 will be assessed by the percentage of participants with HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) ≤7.5%.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Decrease in Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥0.5% [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response at Week 26 will be assessed by the percentage of participants with a decrease from Baseline in HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) of ≥0.5%.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Decrease in Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥1.0% [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response at Week 26 will be assessed by the percentage of participants with a decrease from Baseline in HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) of ≥1.0%.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Decrease in Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥1.5% [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response at Week 26 will be assessed by the percentage of participants with a decrease from Baseline in HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) of ≥1.5%.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Decrease in Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥2.0% [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response at Week 26 will be assessed by the percentage of participants with a decrease from Baseline in HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) of ≥2.0%.


Enrollment: 647
Study Start Date: September 2013
Study Completion Date: October 2015
Primary Completion Date: September 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Metformin HCl 500 mg
Metformin hydrochloride (HCl) 500 mg, capsules, orally, twice a day; alogliptin placebo-matching tablets, orally, twice a day; alogliptin and metformin HCl fixed dose combination (FDC) placebo-matching tablets, orally, twice a day for up to 26 weeks.
Drug: Metformin HCl
Metformin HCl capsules
Other Name: Glucophage
Drug: Alogliptin Placebo
Alogliptin placebo-matching tablets
Drug: Alogliptin and Metformin FDC Placebo
Alogliptin and metformin FDC placebo-matching tablets
Active Comparator: Alogliptin 12.5 mg
Alogliptin 12.5 mg, tablets, orally, twice a day; metformin placebo-matching capsules, orally, twice a day; alogliptin and metformin HCl FDC placebo-matching tablets, orally, twice a day for up to 26 weeks.
Drug: Alogliptin
Alogliptin tablets
Other Name: SYR-322; Nesina
Drug: Metformin Placebo
Metformin placebo-matching capsules
Drug: Alogliptin and Metformin FDC Placebo
Alogliptin and metformin FDC placebo-matching tablets
Experimental: Alogliptin 12.5 mg + Metformin HCl 500 mg FDC
Alogliptin 12.5 mg and metformin HCl 500 mg FDC, tablets, orally, twice a day; alogliptin placebo-matching tablets, orally, twice a day; metformin placebo-matching capsules, orally, twice a day for up to 26 weeks.
Drug: Alogliptin and Metformin Fixed-Dose Combination (FDC)
Alogliptin and metformin FDC tablets
Other Name: Kazano
Drug: Alogliptin Placebo
Alogliptin placebo-matching tablets
Drug: Metformin Placebo
Metformin placebo-matching capsules
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Alogliptin and metformin FDC placebo-matching tablets, orally, twice a day; alogliptin placebo-matching tablets, orally, twice a day; metformin placebo-matching capsules, orally, twice a day for up to 26 weeks.
Drug: Alogliptin Placebo
Alogliptin placebo-matching tablets
Drug: Metformin Placebo
Metformin placebo-matching capsules
Drug: Alogliptin and Metformin FDC Placebo
Alogliptin and metformin FDC placebo-matching tablets

Detailed Description:

The drug being tested in this study is a fixed-dose combination tablet of alogliptin and metformin to treat people who have diabetes. This study will look at glycemic control in people who take alogliptin and metformin FDC compared with alogliptin or metformin alone. The study will enroll approximately 640 patients. Participants will be randomly assigned (by chance, like flipping a coin) to one of the four treatment groups—which will remain undisclosed to the participant and study doctor during the study (unless there is an urgent medical need):

  • Alogliptin 12.5 mg twice daily (BID)
  • Metformin hydrochloride (HCl) 500 mg BID
  • Alogliptin 12.5 mg and Metformin HCl 500 mg FDC BID
  • Placebo (dummy inactive pill) - this is a tablet/capsule that looks like the study drug but has no active ingredient.

All participants will be asked to take 2 tablets and 1 capsule twice a day at the same time each day throughout the study. All participants will be asked to record any hypoglycemic events in a diary. This multi-center trial will be conducted in China, South Korea, Taiwan and Malaysia. The overall time to participate in this study is 34 weeks. Participants will make 11 visits to the clinic.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Capable of understanding and complying with protocol requirements.
  2. The participant or, when applicable, the participant's legally acceptable representative signs and dates a written, informed consent form and any required privacy authorization prior to the initiation of any study procedures.
  3. Has a historical diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
  4. Male or female and aged 18 to 75 years, inclusive.
  5. Body mass index (BMI) between 20 and 45 kg/m^2, inclusive.
  6. A female of childbearing potential who is sexually active with a nonsterilized male partner agrees to use routinely adequate contraception from signing of informed consent throughout the duration of the study.
  7. Is experiencing inadequate glycemic control defined as glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) concentration between 7.5% and 10%, inclusive, and has been treated with diet and exercise for at least 2 months prior to Screening. (Exception: a participant who has received any other diabetic therapy for less than 7 days in total within the 2 months prior to the screening, can be included).
  8. If male, has a hemoglobin >12 g/dL (>120 g/L) at Screening or if female, has a hemoglobin >10 g/dL (>100 g/L) at Screening.
  9. If male, has a serum creatinine <1.5 mg/dL at Screening or if female, has a serum creatinine <1.4 mg/dL at Screening, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 based on calculation using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) at Screening.
  10. Willing and able to monitor their own blood glucose concentrations using a home glucose monitor and complete a subject diary.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participated in another clinical study within 90 days prior to Screening.
  2. Received any investigational compound within 30 days prior to Randomization.
  3. Received a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor within 3 months prior to screening.
  4. History of laser treatment for proliferative diabetic retinopathy within the 6 months prior to Screening.
  5. History of treatment for diabetic gastric paresis, gastric banding, or gastric bypass surgery.
  6. History of diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma.
  7. Chronic pancreatitis and/or history of acute pancreatitis.
  8. Systolic blood pressure >180 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure >110 mm Hg at Screening.
  9. History of any hemoglobinopathy or diagnosis of chronic anemia.
  10. New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart failure. (Participants who are stable at Class I or II and are currently treated, are candidates for the study.)
  11. History of coronary angioplasty, coronary stent placement, coronary bypass surgery, or myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to Screening.
  12. History of any cancer, other than squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma of the skin, which has not been in full remission for at least 5 years prior to Screening. Participants with a history of treated cervical intraepithelial neoplasia [CIN] I or CIN II are allowed.
  13. Significant clinical sign or symptom of hepatopathy, acute or chronic hepatitis, human immunodeficiency virus or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is 2.5 times above upper limit of normal value.
  14. History of angioedema in association with use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB).
  15. History of hypersensitivity or allergies to any DPP-4 inhibitor and/or metformin or related compounds.
  16. Has used oral or systemically injected glucocorticoids (including intra-articular injection) or has used weight-loss drugs within 2 months prior to Screening. (Inhaled or topical corticosteroids were allowed.)
  17. History of alcohol or substance abuse within 2 years prior to Screening.
  18. Has used medicine for weight loss within 60 days prior to Screening (such as Xenical, Sibutramine, Phenylpropanolamine or similar nonprescription drugs).
  19. History of organ transplantation.
  20. Is an immediate family member, study site employee, or is in a dependant relationship with a study site employee who is involved in conduct of this study (eg, spouse, parent, child, sibling) or may consent under duress.
  21. Has, in the judgment of the investigator, any major illness or debility that may prohibit the participant from completing the study.
  22. If female, is pregnant or lactating or intending to become pregnant before, during, or within 1 month after participating in this study; or intending to donate ova during such time period.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01890122

  Show 45 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Takeda
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01890122     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SYR-322MET_303  U1111-1139-0497  NMRR-12-799-12754  CTR20130254  1036022140 
Study First Received: June 26, 2013
Results First Received: October 4, 2016
Last Updated: October 4, 2016
Health Authority: Malaysia: Ministry of Health
South Korea: Institutional Review Board
China: Food and Drug Administration
China: Ethics Committee
China: Ministry of Health
Taiwan: Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare

Keywords provided by Takeda:
Drug therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Alogliptin
Metformin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on December 09, 2016