Efficacy Evaluation of TheraSphere to Treat Inoperable Liver Cancer With Blockage of the Portal Vein (YES-P)
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01887717|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Poor Accrual.)
First Posted : June 27, 2013
Results First Posted : October 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 29, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Hepatocellular Carcinoma||Device: TheraSphere® Drug: Sorafenib||Phase 3|
The objective of this Phase III, prospective randomized trial is to determine whether TheraSphere provides a meaningful benefit in survival in comparison with the standard of care (sorafenib) in participants with good hepatic function and advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with portal vein thrombosis (PVT).
This is an open-label prospective, multi-center, randomized, controlled clinical trial that will evaluate the use of TheraSphere compared to standard-of-care sorafenib alone.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||36 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial on 90Yttrium Trans-arterial Radio-Embolization (TheraSphere®) vs. Standard of Care (Sorafenib) for the Treatment of Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) With Portal Vein Thrombosis (PVT)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 27, 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 23, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 23, 2017|
Participants will receive TheraSphere at a dose consistent with the approved product label to the treated lobe of the liver. TheraSphere will be administered through the hepatic artery. The target dose will be 120 Gy + 10%. Dose reduction to a minimum dose of 80 Gy + 10% will be permitted to manage radiation exposure to the lungs. Re-treatment of the same participant/lobe with further cycles of TheraSphere will be permitted if a treatable progression is detected during follow-up evaluations. Any re-treatment will take place at least 28 days after the previous TheraSphere treatment administered to that lobe. Participants can receive a subsequent TheraSphere administration in the absence of radiological progression criteria at the Investigator's discretion. A maximum of 3 TheraSphere administrations will be permitted.
Intrahepatic treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma
Other Name: yttrium-90 microspheres
Active Comparator: Sorafenib
Participants will receive sorafenib, oral tablets, 400 milligrams (mg) twice daily in accordance with the package insert. Treatment is to continue until the participant is no longer clinically benefiting from therapy or until unacceptable toxicity occurs. Medically appropriate dose adjustments and drug holidays due to adverse events (AEs) and toxicity will be allowed.
Standard of care therapy for treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma
Other Name: Nexavar®
- Overall Survival (OS) From Time of Randomization [ Time Frame: Randomization up to participant's death (maximum time = up to Month 30) ]OS was calculated as the interval between the randomization date and the date of death for any cause, with censoring at the date of last contact for participants alive.
- Time to Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: Randomization up to participant's death (maximum time = up to Month 30) ]TTP was defined as the time from randomization until date of first radiological progression (including new liver lesions and extra-hepatic lesions) separately according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST) version 1.1 criteria, modified RECIST (mRECIST) criteria, and European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) criteria (assessed bi-dimensionally on enhancing tissue) as assessed by Investigator determination. Progression was defined as an increase >25% in the size of ≥1 measurable lesions (EASL) and ≥20% increase in the sum of the diameter of viable of target lesion (mRECIST). RECIST v1.1 categorized new lesions as Progressive Disease. TTP (Months)=(Date of event/censor - Date of Randomization + 1)/ 30.4375.
- Time to Worsening Portal Vein Thrombosis (PVT) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization) up to participant's death (maximum time = up to Month 30) ]Time of randomization to time of any change in classification of PVT type by ≥1 sub-type based on Investigator assessment. At screening and every 8 weeks after, PVT categorized based on dynamic imaging studies as: Type I: segmental, in ≥1 of 8 branches of the portal vein; Type II: branched, left or right branches of the portal vein; Type III: modified on the basis of extension of the tumor thrombus; Type IIIa: eligible for study, thrombus involving the main trunk, allowing blood flow to contralateral lobe (no thrombosis); Type IIIb: NOT eligible for study, thrombus in the main portal trunk occluding blood flow to contralateral lobe; and Type IV: main PVT, NOT eligible for study, extended (mesenteric or splenic veins and/or sovra-hepatic veins). Time to Worsening of PVT (Months)=(Date of event/censor-Date of Randomization+1)/30.4375. Median time to event defined as time it is expected for half of the participants to experience the event. Data analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method.
- Time to Symptomatic Progression (TTSP) [ Time Frame: Randomization up to participant's death (maximum time = up to Month 30) ]TTSP calculated as interval between randomization and symptomatic progression. Symptomatic progression defined as clinical progress to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≥2 with or without tumor progression on imaging. Deterioration in PS was confirmed at the evaluation 8 weeks later. First date at which ECOG performance status was ≥2 was used as end date in TTSP analysis (assuming next subsequent visit confirmed deterioration). TTSP (Months)=(Date of ECOG >2-Date of Randomization+1)/30.4375. ECOG PS Scale: 0=Asymptomatic and fully active; 1=Symptomatic, fully ambulatory, restricted in physically strenuous activity; 2=Symptomatic, ambulatory, capable of self-care, more than 50% of waking hours are spent out of bed; 4=Completely disabled, no self-care, bedridden. Median time to event defined as time it is expected for half of the participants to experience the event. Data analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method.
- Number of Participants With Tumor Response [ Time Frame: Baseline up to participant's death (maximum time = up to Month 30) ]Tumor Response was based on the radiological tumor assessment and was categorized as Complete Response (CR), Partial Response (PR), Stable Disease (SD) or Progressive Disease (PD). Tumor response was assessed using RECIST version (v) 1.1, mRECIST, and EASL criteria. Criteria included: CR=disappearance of all enhanced tumor areas (EASL) and disappearance of any intratumoral arterial enhancement in all target lesions (mRECIST); PR= decrease >50% of enhanced areas (EASL) and ≥30% decrease in the sum of diameters of viable target lesions (mRECIST); SD=neither CR, PR, PD (EASL/mRECIST); PD=an increase >25% in the size of ≥1 measurable lesions (EASL) and ≥20% increase in the sum of the diameter of viable of target lesion (mRECIST). RECIST v 1.1 categorized new lesions as Progressive Disease only and the non-target lesions needed to have no progressive disease to be categorized as CR or PR. One month=30.4375 days.
- Change From Baseline in Quality of Life (QoL) as Assessed by the FACT-Hep Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), participant's death (maximum time = up to Month 30) ]The Functional Assessment Cancer of Therapy-Hepatobiliary (FACT-Hep) Questionnaire uses participant reported outcome (PRO) scores. The FACT-Hep Trial Outcome Index (TOI) is the sum of the subscales scores in Personal Well-Being (PWB), Functional Well-Being (FWB), and Hepatobiliary Cancer Subscale (HCS). The higher the score, the better the QoL, with a range 0-128. Baseline data and change from Baseline data is presented.
- Time to Deterioration QoL (TTDQoL) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization) up to participant's death (maximum time = up to Month 30) ]TTDQoL was calculated as the interval between the randomization date and deterioration in QoL. The FACT-Hep Questionnaire uses PRO scores. A deterioration in QoL is defined as a >7-point decline in the total score or death, whichever occurred first. The FACT-Hep Total Score is the sum of the subscales scores in PWB, Social/Family Well-Being (SWB), Emotional Well-Being (EWB), FWB, and HCS. The higher the score, the better the QoL, with a range 0-180. TTDQoL (Months)=(Date of change from baseline in FACT-Hep ≥7 or death) - Date of Randomization + 1.
- Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAE) [ Time Frame: Randomization up to participant's death (maximum time = up to Month 30) ]An TEAE is any untoward medical occurrence or undesirable event(s) experienced in a participant that begins or worsens following administration of the study drug or study treatment, whether or not considered related to the treatment by the Investigator. A serious adverse event (SAE) was an adverse event (AE) resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason, death, initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization, life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying), persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or congenital anomaly. AEs included both SAEs and non-serious AEs. AEs were classified according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0 (CTCAE) and coded using the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA). A summary of serious and all other non-serious adverse events, regardless of causality, is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01887717
|Principal Investigator:||Vincenzo Mazzaferro, MD||Istituto Tumori Nazionale, Milan, Italy|
|Principal Investigator:||Riad Salem, MD||Northwestern University Chicago Illinois|