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Intraarterial Infusion Of Erbitux and Bevacizumab For Relapsed/Refractory Intracranial Glioma In Patients Under 22

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01884740
Recruitment Status : Terminated (The study was prematurely closed in December 2021 due to low accrual.)
First Posted : June 24, 2013
Results First Posted : August 9, 2022
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Weill Medical College of Cornell University

Brief Summary:
Central nervous system (CNS) malignancies are the second most common malignancy and the most common solid tumor of childhood, including adolescence. Annually in the United States, approximately 2,200 children are diagnosed with CNS malignancy and rates appear to be increasing. CNS tumors are the leading cause of death from solid tumors in children. Survival duration after diagnosis in children is highly variable depending in part on age at diagnosis, location of tumor, and extent of resection; however, most children with high grade glioma die within 3 years of diagnosis. All patients with high grade glioma experience a recurrence after first-line therapy, so improvements in both first-line and salvage therapy are critical to enhancing quality-of-life and prolonging survival. It is unknown if currently used intravenous (IV) therapies even cross the blood brain barrier (BBB). We have shown in previous phase I trials that a single Superselective Intra-arterial Cerebral Infusion (SIACI) of Cetuximab and/or Bevacizumab is safe for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in adults, and we are currently evaluating the efficacy of this treatment. Therefore, this phase I/II clinical research trial is an extension of that trial in that we seek to test the hypothesis that intra-arterial Cetuximab and Bevacizumab is safe and effective in the treatment of relapsed/refractory glioma in patients <22 years of age. We expect that this project will provide important information regarding the utility of SIACI Cetuximab and Bevacizumab therapy for malignant glioma in patients <22 years of age and may alter the way these drugs are delivered to our patients in the near future.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioblastoma Multiforme Fibrillary Astrocytoma of Brain Glioma of Brainstem Anaplastic Astrocytoma Pilomyxoid Astrocytoma Mixed Oligodendroglioma-Astrocytoma Brain Stem Glioma Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma Drug: SIACI of Erbitux and Bevacizumab Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The experimental aspects of this treatment plan will include:

  1. Subjects will first be treated with Mannitol prior to chemotherapy infusion (Mannitol 25%; 10 mL over 2 minutes) in order to disrupt the blood brain barrier. This technique has been used in several thousand patients in previous studies for the IA delivery of chemotherapy for malignant glioma. We have used this without complication in our patients from our Phase I protocols as well.
  2. To treat patients <22 years of age with recurring or relapsing glioma with a single intraarterial delivery (SIACI) of Cetuximab and Bevacizumab. Our Phase I trials have demonstrated the safety of SIACI delivery of these drugs in adults. This trial will focus on the safety and efficacy in patients <22 years of age.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 13 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial Of Super-Selective Intraarterial Infusion Of Erbitux (Cetuximab) And Avastin (Bevacizumab)For Treatment Of Relapsed/Refractory Intracranial Glioma In Patients Under 22 Years Of Age
Study Start Date : June 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SIACI of Erbitux and Bevacizumab
Superselective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion (SIACI) of Erbitux (200 mg/m^2) and Bevacizumab (15 mg/kg)
Drug: SIACI of Erbitux and Bevacizumab
Subjects will receive a single intra-arterial dose of Cetuximab (200 mg/m^2) and Bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) via Superselective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion (SIACI).
Other Names:
  • Cetuximab
  • Avastin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Overall Survival (OS) will be measured from the date of the first dose of SIACI Cetuximab/Avastin to the date of death.

  2. Composite Overall Response Rate (CORR) [ Time Frame: 6 Months ]
    The overall response proportion along with a 95% confidence interval will be estimated via binomial proportions. The investigator will define "evaluable" patients as patients who met eligibility requirements and have initiated therapy.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    All treatment emergent adverse events will be assessed and graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE)v. 4.0 terminology for severity, duration, and relationship to research protocol treatment.

  2. Median Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    PFS will be assessed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, assuming adequate follow-up time. PFS will be measured from the date of the first dose of SIACI Cetuximab/Avastin to the date of progression.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  1. Male or female patients, under 22 years of age, with a documented histologic diagnosis of relapsed or refractory glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), fibrillary astrocytomas (FA), pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PXA), oligodendroglioma, or anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytoma (AOA), or radiologically diagnosed brainstem glioma
  2. Patients must have at least one confirmed and evaluable tumor site.

    *A confirmed tumor site is one in which is biopsy-proven with the exception of brainstem glioma which will be eligible with radiographic diagnosis. NOTE: Radiographic procedures (e.g., Gd-enhanced MRI or CT scans) documenting existing lesions must have been performed within three weeks of treatment on this research study.

  3. Patients must have a Karnofsky or Lansky performance status 70%. Karnofsky is used for patients older than or equal to the age of 16 years and Lansky for those under 16 years old and an expected survival three months.
  4. No chemotherapy for three weeks prior to treatment under this research protocol and no external beam radiation for eight weeks prior to treatment under this research protocol.
  5. Patients must have adequate hematologic reserve with absolute neutrophils greater than or equal to 1000/mm3 and platelets greater than or equal 100,000/mm3.
  6. Pre-enrollment chemistry parameters must show: bilirubin less than 1.5X the institutional upper limit of normal (IUNL); AST or ALT less than 2.5X IUNL and creatinine less than 1.5X IUNL.
  7. Pre-enrollment coagulation parameters (PT and PTT) must be less than 1.5X the IUNL.
  8. Concomitant Medications:

    Growth factor(s): Must not have received within 1 week of entry onto this study.

    Steroids: Systemic corticosteroid therapy is permissible in patients with CNS tumors for treatment of increased intracranial pressure or symptomatic tumor edema. Patients with CNS tumors who are receiving dexamethasone must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 1 week prior to study entry.

  9. Patients of reproductive age must agree to use a medically effective method of contraception during and for a period of three months after the treatment period. A pregnancy test will be performed on each premenopausal female of childbearing potential immediately prior to entry into the research study.
  10. Patients or their parents/guardians must be able to understand and give written informed consent. Informed consent must be obtained at the time of patient screening.
  11. Because of known concerns with Avastin and wound healing, craniotomy patients are eligible for the treatment if they have had a craniotomy greater than two weeks prior to IA therapy. Craniotomy or major procedure after SIACI Avastin therapy should wait 4 weeks. Minor surgeries may be performed after two weeks.


  1. Previous treatment with Avastin and Cetuximab
  2. Females who are pregnant or lactating.
  3. Females of childbearing potential and fertile men will be informed as to the potential risk of procreation while participating in this research trial and will be advised that they must use effective contraception during and for a period of three months after the treatment period. If they do not agree, they will be ineligible for the study.
  4. Patients with significant concurrent medical or psychiatric conditions that would place them at increased risk or affect their ability to receive or comply with treatment or post-treatment clinical monitoring.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01884740

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United States, New York
Weill Cornell Medical College/New York Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York, United States, 10001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
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Principal Investigator: Jeffery Greenfield, MD PhD Weill Medical College of Cornell University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:
Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Weill Medical College of Cornell University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01884740    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1202012214
First Posted: June 24, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 9, 2022
Last Update Posted: August 9, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:
High grade glioma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Brain Stem Neoplasms
Infratentorial Neoplasms
Brain Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors