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A Phase 2 Biomarker - Enriched Study of TH-302 in Subjects With Advanced Melanoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01864538
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Lack of enrollment)
First Posted : May 29, 2013
Results First Posted : August 16, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 26, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Threshold Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to determine the response rate, duration of response,progression-free survival and overall survival of subjects with advanced melanoma treated with TH-302.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Melanoma Drug: TH-302 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Hypoxia is an independent marker of a poor prognosis for subjects with metastatic melanoma (Simonetti 2012, Lartigau 1997). Hypoxic melanoma cells are more likely to exhibit a stem-cell like phenotype with an associated increased propensity for invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis formation compared to normoxic cells. Moreover, this phenotype is also associated with treatment resistance. TH-302, a hypoxia activated prodrug (HAP), was designed to target the hypoxic nature of tumours while having a minimal effect on normoxic tissue. TH-302 belongs to a class of alkylating agents that have significant experimental and clinical activity (Brock 1989). Preclinical data support the hypothesis that TH-302 targets hypoxic regions of tumours and is also able to kill tumour cells in normoxic regions as a result of cytotoxin diffusion, leading to significant effects on tumour growth (Meng 2011). TH-302 has been investigated in over 700 subjects with solid tumours or hematologic malignancies, including subjects with metastatic melanoma. In this subset a disease control rate of 63% (3 subjects with partial responses and 9 subjects with stable disease out of a total of 19) was observed in an early phase clinical trial of TH-302 (Weber 2010). Predictive biomarkers for response and toxicity have yet to be identified for subjects with advanced melanoma treated with TH-302. Optimal patient selection may be critical to maximize the clinical benefit. A predictive biomarker approach will be investigated to try to identify subjects most likely to benefit from TH-302. Given the hypoxia-targeting mechanism of TH- 302, it is believed that hypoxia biomarkers will be the most informative for identifying subjects likely to benefit from TH- 302; however, additional biomarkers including DNA repair biomarkers will also be investigated. In addition, this approach will also have potential to synergise with future immunotherapeutic approaches as suppressive T regulatory cells are thought to reside within hypoxic niches within the tumour microenvironment that would be amenable to targeting by TH-302.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Biomarker - Enriched Study of TH-302 in Subjects With Advanced Melanoma
Actual Study Start Date : May 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: TH-302
480 mg/m2 by iv infusion over 30 - 60 min on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle.
Drug: TH-302
480 mg/m2 by iv infusion over 30 - 60 min on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. At least 18 years of age
  2. Ability to understand the purposes and risks of the study and has signed a written informed consent form approved by the investigator's Regional Ethics Board/Independent Ethics Committee (REB/IEC)
  3. Histologically documented cutaneous or mucosal malignant melanoma, which is recurrent or metastatic and is not curable by surgical or other means.
  4. Adequate tumour tissue (greater than 0.5cm3 preferred, 3 X core biopsy acceptable) available and agreement from subjects that this tissue from their primary and/or metastatic tumour be made available for assessment of potential biomarkers.
  5. Ability and availability to complete all prescribed biomarker studies (Screening and after Cycle 2).
  6. Recovered to Grade 1 from reversible toxicities of prior therapy
  7. Presence of clinically and/or radiologically documented disease. At least one site of disease (which will not be removed during the course of the study) must be uni-dimensionally measurable as per RECIST 1.1 or clinically quantifiable (such as in the case of skin disease)
  8. ECOG performance status of 0 - 1.
  9. Prior treatment with any number of immunotherapies (e.g., IL2, ipilimumab), targeted therapies (e.g., vemurafenib) are permitted but no more than one 1 prior chemotherapy
  10. Acceptable liver function
  11. Acceptable renal function
  12. Acceptable hematologic status (without growth factor support for neutropenia or transfusion dependency):
  13. Normal 12-lead ECG (clinically insignificant abnormalities permitted)
  14. Female subjects of childbearing age must have a negative urine HCG test unless prior hysterectomy or menopause (defined as age above 55 and twelve months without menstrual activity). Female subjects should not become pregnant or breast-feed while on this study. Sexually active male and female subjects should use effective birth control.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Anticancer treatment with radiation therapy, targeted therapies, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormones or other antitumour therapies within 28 days prior to first dose of TH-302.
  2. Subjects who have received any other investigational drug or agent within 28 days of first dose of TH-302
  3. Current use of drugs with known cardiotoxicity
  4. Significant cardiac dysfunction:
  5. Seizure disorders requiring anticonvulsant therapy
  6. Progressing brain metastases (unless previously treated and stable disease for a period of greater than or equal to 3 months on repeat MRI following definitive treatment).
  7. History of other malignancies, except: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in-situ cancer of the cervix, or other solid tumours curatively treated with no evidence of disease for greater than 2 years
  8. Severe chronic obstructive or other pulmonary disease with hypoxemia (requires supplementary oxygen, symptoms due to hypoxemia or oxygen saturation less than 90% by pulse oximetry after a 2 minute walk) or in the opinion of the investigator any physiological state likely to cause hypoxia of normal tissue.
  9. Major surgery, other than diagnostic surgery, within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1 Day 1, without complete recovery
  10. Active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, requiring systemic therapy
  11. Prior therapy with an hypoxic cytotoxin
  12. Known infection with HIV or active infection with hepatitis B or hepatitis C
  13. History of allergic reaction to a structural compound or biological agent similar to TH-302
  14. Pregnancy or breast-feeding
  15. Concomitant disease or condition that could interfere with the conduct of the study, or that would, in the opinion of the investigator, pose an unacceptable risk to the subject in this study
  16. Unwillingness or inability to comply with the study protocol for any reason.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01864538

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United States, California
The Angeles Clinic and Research Institute
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90025
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90404
United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Canada, Alberta
Cross Cancer Institute
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G1Z2
Canada, Ontario
Juravinski Cancer Centre
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V5C2
London Health Sciences Centre
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A4L6
Princess Margaret Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
Threshold Pharmaceuticals
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Study Director: Tillman Pearce, MD Threshold Pharmaceuticals
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Responsible Party: Threshold Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01864538    
Other Study ID Numbers: TH-CR-413
First Posted: May 29, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 16, 2017
Last Update Posted: March 26, 2021
Last Verified: August 2017
Keywords provided by Threshold Pharmaceuticals:
Advanced Melanoma
Mucosal Melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas