Safety and Pharmacology Study of SNX-5422 in Subjects With Resistant Lung Adenocarcinoma
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a chemical in the body that is involved in the promotion of cancer. SNX-5422 is an experimental drug that blocks Hsp90.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase 1, Open-label, Dose-escalation Study of SNX 5422 and Erlotinib in Subjects With Lung Adenocarcinoma With "Acquired Resistance" to Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.|
- Number of patients with dose limiting toxicities [ Time Frame: Day 28 of first dose cycle ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Number of patients with dose limiting toxicities defined as adverse events (AE) or laboratory abnormalities of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events(CTCAE) version 4.03 ≥ Grade 3 that are not clearly related to disease progression
- Tumor response [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 12, 20 and 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Tumor progression relative to baseline; assessment of tumor response will be performed using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.
- Changes in vital signs, physical examination or clinical laboratory from baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Descriptive summaries of vital signs, physical examination and quantitative clinical laboratory changes will be presented by treatment received and study visit. Laboratory toxicities will be graded by severity using common terminology criteria for adverse events (CTCAE) Version 4.03. Frequency and percentage of subjects experiencing clinically relevant toxicities will be summarized by treatment received. Summaries may be repeated by treatment cycle.
- Number of patients with ophthalmological changes from baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 16 and 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Ophthalmologic assessments (visual acuity, visual field, ophthalmoscopy, dark adaptation, optical coherence tomography) will be presented by cohort, study visit and dose. Number of subjects experiencing clinically relevant changes from baseline in any of these examinations will be presented using descriptive summary
|Study Start Date:||March 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Open label administration of SNX-5422 tablets every other day for 21 days on a 28 day cycle. Dose escalation of SNX-5422 based on safety outcomes
Capsules dosed every other day in the morning starting at a dose of 50 mg/m2. Dose escalation based on safety. Subjects will also receive 150 mg erlotinib daily (in the afternoon).
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) chaperone proteins stabilize many client proteins including mutant EGFR, and are also hypothesized to help maintain the malignant phenotype of mutant EGFR in lung adenocarcinoma. Treatment of EGFR mutant cell lines with the Hsp90 inhibitor geldanamycin results in cellular degradation, decreased levels of pAKT/cyclin D1, and increased apoptosis. Furthermore, Hsp90 inhibitors hamper growth of tumors in nude mice with gefitinib-resistant H1975-xenografts in vivo.
Clinical data showed that mono-therapy with some Hsp90 inhibitors provides stable disease and some patients have partial remissions as best responses in heavily pre-treated non small cell lung cancer patients.
SNX-5422 is a pro-drug of SNX-2112, a potent, highly selective, small-molecule inhibitor of the molecular chaperone Hsp90. Inhibitors of the chaperone protein Hsp90 are of current interest because of the central role that Hsp90 plays in the maturation and maintenance of numerous proteins, for example HER2 and mutated EGFR, that are critical for tumor cell viability and growth.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01851096
|United States, District of Columbia|
|Georgetown University Medical Center|
|Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20007|
|United States, New York|
|Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10065|