Safety and Acceptability of the PrePex™ Device for Male Circumcision in Zambia
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Evaluation of the Safety and Acceptability of the PrePex™ Device for Male Circumcision in Zambia|
- Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 42 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]The incidence of moderate and severe adverse events (AEs) associated with PrePex procedures, including both procedural and post-procedure events, and all device-related incidents such as dislodgment.
- Acceptability of PrePex procedures among male circumcision providers [ Time Frame: 42 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]MC provider questionnaires assessing ease and duration of procedures, problems encountered during procedures and post-procedure care, and opinions of PrePex compared to the forceps-guided method or other circumcision methods with which the providers are familiar
- Proportion of men ineligible for circumcision with PrePex [ Time Frame: 42 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Proportion of men presenting for MC who are excluded due to tight foreskin, frank phimosis or other criteria
- Follow-up outcomes [ Time Frame: 42 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Proportion of men who do not return at 7 days and require active follow-up, as well as outcomes among men who do not return for scheduled removal and efforts required for active follow-up
- Costs of PrePex training and service delivery [ Time Frame: 42 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Costs of training and service delivery including human resources (number and cadre of operators required), and materials and supplies
- Acceptability of PrePex procedures among Zambian clients [ Time Frame: 42 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Quality of life and satisfaction questionnaires
|Study Start Date:||October 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
PrePex circumcision procedures will be offered as part of the minimum package of HIV prevention services recommended by the Zambian Ministry of Health (MOH)
PrePex is a sterile device for adult male circumcision, consisting of an inner ring, elastic ring, placement ring, and verification thread. Proper sizing is facilitated by a sizing accessory. The elastic ring is loaded on to the placement ring, which is then placed at the base of the penis. The inner ring is placed inside the foreskin. The elastic ring is then deployed around the foreskin, clamping the foreskin against the inner ring. PrePex is manufactured by Circ MedTech Limited, is certified CE - Class IIa in the European Union, and has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
The World Health Organization, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and other global reproductive health organizations have recognized the protective effect of male circumcision in HIV acquisition. Male Circumcision(MC) is one of the few biomedical methods to demonstrate consistent effectiveness as an HIV prevention intervention in randomized controlled trials (WHO and UNAIDS, 2007): three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in Kenya, Uganda, and South Africa reported a protective effect up to 60% of circumcision against HIV infection. Subsequent studies have confirmed the value and persistence of MC's protection against HIV infection and have demonstrated that MC also reduces the acquisition and transmission of human papillomavirus.
A wide variety of instruments, devices, and techniques are used around the world for male circumcision. In 2008, WHO, UNAIDS and JHPIEGO released a draft document entitled Manual for Male Circumcision under Local Anesthesia, which includes step-by-step instructions for performing adult male circumcision using three different surgical procedures: the forceps-guided, dorsal slit, and sleeve resection methods. Procedure times for these techniques are approximately 20-30 minutes excluding anesthesia, involve control of bleeding and considerable suturing, and can be associated with a variety of complications.
Demand for MC, even in non-circumcising communities, is substantial when offered at no cost in a safe setting (WHO and UNAIDS, 2007). In most African settings, only surgical circumcision is available for most adults.
This is a prospective observational study of the PrePex device, which will be conducted with the aim of ascertaining moderate and severe adverse events. This study will be conducted within the context of routine service delivery in Lusaka, Zambia to identify potential issues that must be addressed as MC services are scaled up. PrePex circumcision procedures will be offered as part of the minimum package of HIV prevention services recommended by the Zambian Ministry of Health (MOH), including HIV testing and counseling, provision of Sexually Transmitted infection (STI) syndromic treatment, provision and promotion of condoms, and counseling on risk-reduction and safer sex. This study will be conducted in collaboration with the Zambia MOH and will follow recommendations for introductory study of devices as laid out in the WHO's Framework for Evaluation of Circumcision Devices.
This study is a prospective study of adult male circumcision procedures conducted with the PrePex MC device at two sites in Lusaka, Zambia. The investigators will enroll a total of 500 men aged 18 to 49 who are seeking voluntary medical male circumcision. The first 50 men will undergo intensive follow-up with six scheduled visits, while the remaining 450 men will be scheduled for two follow-up visits at 7 and 42 days after PrePex placement.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01844102
|Society for Family Health|
|Principal Investigator:||Karin Hatzold, MD, Ph.D.||Population Services International|
|Principal Investigator:||Paul Hewett, Ph.D.||Population Council|
|Principal Investigator:||Namwinga Chintu, MBChB||Society for Family Health|
|Principal Investigator:||Bruce Bvulani, MBChB, MMed||Ministry of Health, Zambia|