Ipilimumab or Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Relapsed Hematologic Malignancies After Donor Stem Cell Transplant
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01822509|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 2, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2021
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipient Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Recurrent Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Recurrent Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Positive Recurrent Hematologic Malignancy Recurrent Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Myelodysplastic Syndrome Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma||Biological: Ipilimumab Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Nivolumab||Phase 1|
I. To determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of ipilimumab or nivolumab administered to patients with relapsed hematologic malignancies following allogeneic stem cell transplantation. (Phase I) II. To characterize the toxicity of ipilimumab or nivolumab administered at the MTD in this patient population. (Phase Ib)
I. To assess response rate. II. To assess progression free and overall survival.
I. To assess the phenotypic and functional effects of ipilimumab or nivolumab on immune cells.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.
INDUCTION PHASE: Patients receive ipilimumab intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 8 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
MAINTENANCE PHASE: Patients receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes. Treatment repeats every 12 weeks beginning at cycle 5 (24 weeks after the first dose of ipilimumab) for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving clinical benefit will have the option to continue with ongoing maintenance dosing every 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment repeats every 14 days for up to a total of 60 weeks (including Induction) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 1 year.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||71 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase I/IB Study of Ipilimumab or Nivolumab in Patients With Relapsed Hematologic Malignancies After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation|
|Actual Study Start Date :||May 16, 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 10, 2021|
Experimental: Treatment (ipilimumab, nivolumab)
See Detailed Description.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
- Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ipilimumab according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: At 12 weeks ]Dose-limiting toxic (DLT) effects were defined as grade III or IV acute graft versus host disease (GVHD), grade 4 hematologic toxic effects unrelated to the underlying disease, or grade 3 nonhematologic toxic effects that did not improve to grade 1 with a 3-week dose delay. Immune-related adverse events that resolved to grade 1 or lower with the use of glucocorticoids were not considered to be dose-limiting toxic effects. We designated the observation period for toxic effects to be 12 weeks to capture delayed immunologic toxic effects.
- Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of nivolumab according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: At 12 weeks ]Dose-limiting toxic (DLT) effects are defined as grade III or IV acute GVHD, grade 4 hematologic toxic effects unrelated to the underlying disease, or grade 3 nonhematologic toxic effects that did not improve to grade 1 with a 3-week dose delay. Immune-related adverse events that resolved to grade 1 or lower with the use of glucocorticoids were not considered to be dose-limiting toxic effects. We designated the observation period for toxic effects to be 12 weeks to capture delayed immunologic toxic effects.
- Incidence of adverse events as assessed by National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 (Phase Ib) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after completion of study treatment ]A serious adverse event (SAE) is any adverse event, occurring at any dose and regardless of causality that 1) Results in death, 2) Is life-threatening, 3) Requires or prolongs inpatient hospitalization, 4) Results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, 5) Is an important medical event when, based upon appropriate medical judgment, it may jeopardize the participant and require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the outcomes listed above.
- Clinical response [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Summarized by simple descriptive summary statistics delineating complete, partial, and best overall response, stable and progressive disease.
- Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From start of treatment to time of objective disease progression, assessed up to 1 year ]Using the Kaplan-Meier method. Will be analyzed and reported both for the entire cohort and within each disease group if feasible.
- Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment to time of death, assessed up to 1 year ]Using the Kaplan-Meier method. Will be analyzed and reported both for the entire cohort and within each disease group if feasible.
- Change in immune cell numbers [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 1 year ]Laboratory studies will be performed to characterize the effects of ipilimumab and nivolumab in the post allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) setting on B cells, NK, cells, or dendritic cells, both in terms of pre and post alloSCT changes in cell numbers.
- Change in cytokine production [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 1 year ]Laboratory studies will be performed to characterize the effects of ipilimumab and nivolumab in the post alloSCT setting on B cells, NK, cells, or dendritic cells, both in terms of pre and post alloSCT changes in cell numbers.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Histologically or cytologically confirmed hematologic malignancy
The following malignancies will be considered eligible if progressive or persistent:
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)
- Hodgkin lymphoma (HL)
- Multiple myeloma (MM)
- Acute leukemia (acute myeloid leukemia [AML], acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL])
- Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
- Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN)
- Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
- Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
- Must have undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) (regardless of stem cell source)
- Must have baseline donor T cell chimerism of >= 20%
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless due to Gilbert's disease or disease-related hemolysis, then =< 3.0 x ULN)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3.0 x institutional ULN
- Creatinine =< 1.5 x institutional ULN
- Prednisone dose =< 5 mg/day and off all other systemic immunosuppressive medications for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
- Participants who have had anti-tumor therapy or other investigational agents within 4 weeks prior to registration (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C), or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks prior to registration
- Patients with prior history of or active severe (grade 3 or 4) acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
- Patients with a history of prior treatment with ipilimumab, anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD 1) antibody, or cluster of differentiation (CD)137 agonist therapy are ineligible for the ipilimumab arm, but are eligible for the nivolumab arm
- Patients who have had donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) within 8 weeks prior to registration
- Autoimmune disease: Patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are excluded from this study, as are patients with a history of symptomatic disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener's granulomatosis]) and motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g. Guillain-Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis); patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis are eligible to go on study
- Patients with known chronic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or hepatitis C infections should be excluded
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because ipilimumab and nivolumab are immunomodulatory agents with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; the effects of ipilimumab and nivolumab on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason and because immunomodulatory agents are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study or within 23 weeks after the last dose of study drug, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and for at least 31 weeks after completion of ipilimumab or nivolumab administration
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01822509
|United States, California|
|City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Duarte, California, United States, 91010|
|UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center|
|La Jolla, California, United States, 92093|
|City of Hope South Pasadena|
|South Pasadena, California, United States, 91030|
|United States, Colorado|
|Colorado Blood Cancer Institute|
|Denver, Colorado, United States, 80218|
|United States, Florida|
|Moffitt Cancer Center-International Plaza|
|Tampa, Florida, United States, 33607|
|Moffitt Cancer Center|
|Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612|
|United States, Georgia|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342|
|United States, Maine|
|Eastern Maine Medical Center|
|Bangor, Maine, United States, 04401|
|Lafayette Family Cancer Center-EMMC|
|Brewer, Maine, United States, 04412|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Charlestown, Massachusetts, United States, 02129|
|Principal Investigator:||Matthew S Davids||Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
|Responsible Party:||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
NCI-2013-00739 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
9204 ( Other Identifier: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute )
9204 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA006516 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
R01CA183559 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U01CA062490 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA186709 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
|First Posted:||April 2, 2013 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||June 24, 2021|
|Last Verified:||June 2021|
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Immune System Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell