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NIR-Guided Sentinel Lymph-Node Mapping for Esophageal Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yolonda L. Colson, MD, PhD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Identifier:
First received: March 6, 2013
Last updated: May 11, 2017
Last verified: May 2017

This research study is a Phase I clinical trial. Phase I clinical trials test the feasibility and safety of an investigational technique or drug. This study will try to define an appropriate dose of the investigational drug indocyanine green (ICG) in combination with near infrared (NIR) imaging to use for further studies. "Investigational" means that this drug, ICG, is approved by the FDA for other imaging uses, but not for lymphatic mapping using NIR light. Its use for following lymphatic pathways from tumors in the human body is still being studied and research doctors are trying to find out more about it. It also means that the FDA has not approved ICG mapping for your type of cancer.

ICG is a dye and is approved for testing liver function and measuring blood flow from the heart. This drug has been used in studies to map lymphatic pathways in lung cancer and breast cancer and information from those other research studies suggests that this dye may help to identify lymph nodes associated with your esophageal tumor in this research study. ICG can be detected within the body using special near-infrared light cameras. In this research study, the investigators are looking at how easily ICG can get to the first lymph node (called the sentinel lymph node or SLN) associated with your esophageal tumor and whether the investigators can see the path of the ICG and the respective SLN using a near infrared camera.

Condition Intervention Phase
Esophageal Cancer Drug: Near Infrared Imaging Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description:
There is no masking in this study as all study subjects receive the same intervention.
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Intraoperative NIR-Guided Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping in Esophageal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Yolonda L. Colson, MD, PhD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Feasibility of real-time intraoperative NIR lymphatic mapping [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To determine the feasibility of real-time intraoperative NIR lymphatic mapping with concurrent identification of the sentinel lymph node in esophageal cancer using indocyanine green

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of participants with adverse events [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Safety data will be presented for all patients enrolled in the trial and will be presented according to dose level of indocyanine green. One summary will include a description of adverse events, by patient. Adverse event data will also be presented in frequency tables (overall and by intensity) by body system.

  • Identification of sentinel lymph nodes [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To determine how easily ICG can get to the first lymph node (called the sentinel lymph node or SLN) associated with the esophageal tumor and whether the investigators can see the path of the ICG and the respective SLN using a near infrared camera.

Estimated Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: May 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Near Infrared Imaging
The intervention to be administered is the indocyanine green for NIR Lymphatic Mapping. All study subjects will receive this same intervention; there is only one arm.
Drug: Near Infrared Imaging
The intervention to be administered is the drug indocyanine green.
Other Names:
  • NIR Lymphatic Mapping
  • Indocyanine Green

Detailed Description:

If you are willing to participate in this study you will be asked to undergo a review of your medical history to confirm that you are eligible. If this review shows that you are eligible you will begin the study treatment. If you do not meet the eligibility criteria, you will not be able to participate in the research study.

Your primary surgeon will coordinate the date and time of surgery with you, and the hospital will confirm this schedule.

At the time of surgery, a dose of ICG mixed with normal saline, a solution of salt and water, will be administered in four small injections immediately around your tumor. You will receive approximately half a teaspoon of the normal saline/ICG solution. You will be under general anesthesia. Pictures of the ICG solution will be taken with the NIR camera and the progression of the dye, as it makes its way along the lymphatic channel from the location of your tumor to the SLN, will be monitored. After five to fifteen minutes, the surgeon will continue with your procedure, removing the lymph nodes according to standard or care. The surgeon will discuss this with you ahead of time.

As each lymph node is removed, we will take a picture of it to see if the ICG dye has entered and colored that node.

Following the removal of your lymph nodes, your surgeon will complete the operation and you will continue to be monitored for 30 minutes for any rare but possible side effects (allergic reactions) to the ICG. You will then be removed from the study. With the exception of the administration of the ICG and photography with the NIR camera, there will be no changes from the standard of care.

Following your surgery, we will collect the final pathology results from your procedure. Because we are only looking at determining the feasibility of this technique using NIR imaging, we do not wish to follow you for any period of time following the procedure. If you experience a rare but possible side effect from the ICG, normal saline, or NIR light, we will continue to monitor you until the condition is resolved.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Suspected or confirmed esophageal cancer
  • Deemed an appropriate surgical candidate with consent for esophagectomy and lymphadenectomy or staging lymphadenectomy by their thoracic surgeon

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who choose not to proceed with surgery
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to indocyanine green, including thos patients with a history of iodide or seafood allergy
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01808417

United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Principal Investigator: Yolonda Colson, MD, PhD Brigham and Women's Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Yolonda L. Colson, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT01808417     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-179
Study First Received: March 6, 2013
Last Updated: May 11, 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: As of right now, there is no plan to make IPD available to other researchers.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophageal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017