Social Networks and Prevention for HIV Care and Prevention (SNAP)
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01800721|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 28, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 17, 2018
The present study includes a randomized clinical trial of a peer health education intervention and a 12-month longitudinal study. The sample will include Black Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) who will be randomized into an experimental or control condition and then asked to recruit peer and risk network members for HIV testing over a 3 month period. Some of the network members who are recruited for voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) will enroll into the longitudinal study for assessments only. Both index and network participants will be assessed at baseline, 6, and 12-months.
The specific aims of the proposed study are to:
- Train Black MSM (index participants in the experimental condition) to conduct peer health education, to promote VCT and HIV risk reduction among social network members, and to recruit social network members for VCT.
- Examine changes in HIV risk behaviors and VCT among index participants and their network members in the experimental intervention as compared to those in the control condition.
- Examine mediating effects of social environments (networks, social norms) on HIV risk behaviors and VCT, among indexes and network members.
- Examine mediating effects of individual level factors (substance use and depression) on HIV risk behaviors and VCT among indexes and network members.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|HIV||Behavioral: SNAP Behavioral: SNAP Control||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||559 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Double (Participant, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||A Randomized Controlled Trial to Train Black MSM as Peer Health Educators for HIV Testing and Prevention|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 30, 2011|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 2017|
Experimental: Experimental Condition SNAP
Behavioral Intervention SNAP HIV training and peer outreach
Participants learn skills for sexual health and peer outreach which includes talking with network members about HIV testing and prevention.
Behavioral: SNAP 7 group sessions, and 1 individual session
Other Name: Peer Education Randomized Controlled Trial for Black MSM for VCT and Prevention
Active Comparator: SNAP Control Condition
Participants receive information on HIV/STDs as well as healthy eating and nutrition instruction.
Behavioral: SNAP Control
Behavioral: SNAP control 7 group sessions
- Change from Baseline in Sex Risk Behavior at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]We will measures sex risk behavior by assessing the frequency of oral and anal sex; frequency and consistency of condom use; the number and types (e.g., main, casual, and exchange) of sex partners in the prior 90 days; and the gender, sexual preference, and HIV and drug use status of each partner.
- Change from Baseline in Sex Risk Behavior at 12 months [ Time Frame: 12months ]We will measures sex risk behavior by assessing the frequency of oral and anal sex; frequency and consistency of condom use; the number and types (e.g., main, casual, and exchange) of sex partners in the prior 90 days; and the gender, sexual preference, and HIV and drug use status of each partner.
- Change from Baseline in HIV Testing Rates at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Change from Baseline in HIV Testing Rates at 12 months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
- Number of Network Members Recruited for HIV Testing [ Time Frame: 3 Months ]
- Change from Baseline in Drug Use at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Type of drug (e.g. cocaine, heroin, prescription drugs)and frequency of drug use
- Change from Baseline in Drug Use at 12 months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Type of drug (e.g. cocaine, heroin, prescription drugs)and frequency of drug use
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01800721
|United States, Maryland|
|Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205|
|Principal Investigator:||Carl Latkin, PhD||Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health|