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Nebulized or Inhaled Albuterol for Lymphangioleiomyomatosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01799538
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 26, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )

Brief Summary:


- Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare type of lung disease that occurs almost exclusively in women. In LAM, muscle tissue grows in the lungs and starts to block the flow of air. It is a progressive disease, and in severe cases may require a lung transplant. One possible treatment to improve breathing in people with LAM is inhaled albuterol. Albuterol can be given in a metered dose inhaler (MDI) or with a nebulizer. Researchers want to compare these methods to see which method best improves lung function in women with LAM.


- To see whether a nebulizer or MDI can better improve lung function in women with LAM.


- Women at least 18 years of age who have impaired lung function because of LAM.


  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. No lab tests will be needed for this study.
  • Participants will have a 3-day overnight stay at the National Institutes of Health. Those who are using long-acting inhalers will have to stop taking these drugs 1 week before the study.
  • Participants will receive either the nebulizer or two or four puffs of the inhaler. Four puffs of albuterol is a higher dose than is normally prescribed, and is being tested on this study.
  • Participants will have each treatment around the same time of day on each of the 3 days. Before and after taking the albuterol, participants will have lung function tests.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Drug: albuterol inhaler Drug: albuterol nebulizer Procedure: PFT Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
We have reported that approximately one third of patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) who have airflow obstruction respond to bronchodilators such as albuterol, a Beta2-adenergic receptor agonist, with an increase in forced expiratory flow in one second (FEV1) of 12% and 200 ml above baseline values. Others however, have questioned these findings, reporting instead, a low rate of response of only six percent. Contrasting with our study, in this study albuterol was administered with a metered dose inhaler whereas in ours it was given by nebulizer. We propose to measure changes in lung function after administration of albuterol, respectively by metered inhaler and nebulizer, for 3 consecutive days in 100 LAM subjects. Our hypothesis is that albuterol administered by nebulization will produce a greater increase in FEV1 than two puffs of inhaled albuterol. If this hypothesis is confirmed, then we may recommend that patients with LAM and airflow obstruction use as a method of drug administration a nebulizer, rather than a metered dose inhaler.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: 13-H-0051 Bronchodilator Effects of Nebulized Versus Inhaled Albuterol in Subjects With Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
Actual Study Start Date : June 10, 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 1, 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Drug: albuterol nebulizer
Albuterol administered by nebulization will produce a greater increase in FEV1.

Procedure: PFT
Breathing Test

Active Comparator: 2
Drug: albuterol inhaler
2 puffs of Metered Dose inhaler for Bronchodilation

Procedure: PFT
Breathing Test

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Greater improvement in lung function with nebulized albuterol. [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Greater improvement in lung function with nebulized albuterol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Diagnosis of LAM either by tissue biopsy, evidence of lung and other organ involvement (renal angiomyolipomas, chylous effusions, lymphangioleiomyomas), high serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor D (VGEF-D)(1) or a diagnosis of TSC associated with cystic lung lesions.
  • Age 18 years or over
  • Evidence of airflow obstruction: FEV1/VC ratio < fifth percentile of predicted normal and an FEV(1) <80% predicted of the normal values.


Subjects will be excluded from the study if they meet one or more of the following criteria:

  • History of hypersensitivity to albuterol or any of its components.
  • Moderate or large pleural effusions (chest x-ray and or CT scan procedure completed under Protocol 95-H-0186)
  • History of seizures other than during infancy
  • Inability to withhold bronchodilators for 24 hours
  • Cognitive Impairment
  • Age less than 18 years
  • Male sex
  • Status-post lung or kidney transplantation
  • Pregnant or breast feeding (women of childbearing potential will undergo a blood or urine pregnancy test under Protocol 95-H-0186).
  • Treatment with monoaminoxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants or Beta-adrenergic receptor antagonists or long acting anticholinergic bronchodilators who are unable to be discontinued for at least seven days before enrollment.
  • Patients with URI, uncontrolled hyperthyroidism or severe gastro-esophageal reflux. Major systemic diseases (i.e., malignancy; myocardial infarction or unstable angina; type 1 diabetes, severe hypertension; liver cirrhosis).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01799538

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Contact: Tatyana Worthy, R.N. (301) 827-1376
Contact: Joel Moss, M.D. (301) 496-1597

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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
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Principal Investigator: Joel Moss, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier: NCT01799538    
Other Study ID Numbers: 130051
First Posted: February 26, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 15, 2021
Last Verified: December 17, 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ):
Metered Dose Inhaler
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphatic Vessel Tumors
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Tocolytic Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action