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Virtual Reality (VR) Treatment for Balance Problems in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01794585
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 20, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectivenes of a home-based physical therapy program designed to improve balance following traumatic brain injury by incorporating the use of a virtual reality system.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Traumatic Brain Injury Behavioral: Virtual Reality Based Exercise Behavioral: Standard Exercise

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 66 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Home-Based Virtual Reality (VR) Treatment for Chronic Balance Problems in Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury
Study Start Date : April 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Virtual Reality Based Exercise Behavioral: Virtual Reality Based Exercise
A structured, individually tailored, protocol driven, reproducible therapeutic intervention. The study intervention will consist of individually prescribed selections from three off-the-shelf VR games that target the type and severity of balance deficits elicited during the completion of a baseline assessment. Participants randomized to receive this intervention will be assigned a home balance program that utilizes an Xbox Kinect system to provide balance activities.
Active Comparator: Standard Exercise Behavioral: Standard Exercise
An individualized home balance exercise program that also targets identified balance system-specific deficits, however, utilizes no VR components.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline on Community Balance and Mobility (CB&M) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-weeks, 12 weeks, 24weeks ]
    Specifically developed to assess balance function for individuals with TBI. Includes 13 balance based activites such as single leg standing, tandem walking, hopping, running, descending stairs.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline on Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6weeks, 12weeks, 24weeks ]
    Used to evaluate balance system function. Movement characteristics and timed criteria are used to rate 36 items on a scale of 0 (maximum limitation) to 3 (within normal limits).

  2. Change from Baseline on Activity-specific, Behavior Confidence Scale (ABC) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6weeks, 12weeks, 24weeks ]
    Used to assess fear of falling, the ABC scale includes 16 items that describe everyday community activities and which are scored on a scale of 0 (no confidence) to 100 (complete confidence).

  3. Change from Baseline on Participation Assessment with Recombined Tools-Objective (PART-O) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 weeks, 12weeks, 24weeks ]
    This 17-item assessment of community participation will be used to measure overall societal participation.

Eligibility Criteria

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has sustained a documented TBI that required an inpatient rehabilitation program;
  • is at least one year post TBI;
  • is at least 18 and no more than 64 years of age at the time of enrollment;
  • is English or Spanish speaking
  • is at least three months beyond completion of formal PT, including acute inpatient rehabilitation, outpatient and home-based therapy;
  • provides written medical clearance for participation in an in-home balance exercise program;
  • ambulates independently within the home (with assistive devices and/or orthotics as needed);
  • has active range of motion of bilateral upper extremities of at least 90 degrees of abduction to allow for control of the VR system;
  • completes a 15 minute trial using a VR system in the absence of a negative physical or behavioral reaction;
  • self-reports ongoing balance deficits and demonstrate such deficits by scoring at or below one standard deviation above the mean (75 or below) on the CB&M; and
  • provides informed consent, or has a guardian available to provide consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • has a history of another medical illness or neurological disorder which may affect balance;
  • has experienced a seizure within the last year;
  • has a history of psychiatric disorder requiring hospitalization;
  • is currently participating in another RCT;
  • is currently using VR technology to address specific balance goals;
  • is unable to travel to Craig for assessments throughout the study period;
  • is unable to communicate effectively to complete standardized assessments;
  • has cognitive impairment that precludes completion of baseline testing;
  • is unavailable to participate in 12 continuous weeks of therapy;
  • has no access to television able to connect to VR-gaming system; and
  • reports inadequate space required for VR-gaming system sensors.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01794585

Contact: Candy Tefertiller, PT, DPT, NCS 303-789-8251
Contact: Christina Baker-Sparr, MSCS 303-789-8055

United States, Colorado
Craig Hospital Recruiting
Englewood, Colorado, United States, 80113
Sponsors and Collaborators
Craig Hospital
More Information

Responsible Party: Craig Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01794585     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H133A120032-2
First Posted: February 20, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017

Keywords provided by Craig Hospital:
traumatic brain injury
balance deficits
virtual reality
home-based therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Wounds and Injuries
Brain Injuries
Brain Injuries, Traumatic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System