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Imatinib Treatment in Recent Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01781975
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 1, 2013
Results First Posted : August 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 11, 2020
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stephen E. Gitelman, University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) results from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing ß cells. Although exogenous insulin is widely available, it is not possible for affected individuals to consistently achieve euglycemia with current technology, and thus they are at risk for devastating long-term complications. This phase II study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of imatinib mesylate as a novel therapy for new-onset T1DM. Imatinib is a first-in-class tyrosine kinase inhibitor.

This study will explore the potential role of short-term therapy with imatinib to induce tolerance and possibly lead to a durable long-term remission of T1DM.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type I Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, 1 Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus 1 IDDM Drug: Imatinib Mesylate Drug: Placebo (For imatinib mesylate) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Eligible participants will be randomized to receive either imatinib mesylate or placebo daily.

All participants randomized into this study will be seen at a study site for a follow-up evaluation, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after randomization, and every month month thereafter for the first year. Participants will come in for a visit ever 6 months for the second year.

At the study visits, participants will undergo assessments of their insulin production, immunologic status, and overall health. Subjects will be followed until the conclusion of the study. The trial is expected to last approximately 2-4 years or until the required amount of information is gathered.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 67 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy of Imatinib for Preserving Beta-Cell Function in New-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Actual Study Start Date : January 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diabetes Type 1

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Imatinib Mesylate
400 mg imatinib given once daily basis.
Drug: Imatinib Mesylate
Other Names:
  • Glivec

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo given once daily basis.
Drug: Placebo (For imatinib mesylate)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area Under the Stimulated C-peptide Curve (AUC) Mean Over the First 2 Hours of a 4 Hour Mixed Meal Tolerance Test at the 1 Year Visit [ Time Frame: Visit 9 (Week 52) at 0, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120 minutes post-dose ]
    The primary outcome of each participant is the area under the stimulated c-peptide curve (AUC) mean based on data collected at time 0 to 2 hours of a 4-hour mixed meal tolerance test (MMTT) conducted at the primary endpoint visit. The timed measurements are done at: 0, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes. The term "AUC mean" comes from the mean value theorem in calculus. It is the value on the scale of the y-axis that is equal to the AUC divided by the range on the x-axis (in this case 120 minutes).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area Under the Stimulated C-peptide Curve (AUC) Mean Over 4 Hours at 24 Months [ Time Frame: Visit 13 (Week 104) ]
    Area under the MMTT-stimulated peak, 4 hour C-peptide AUC mean at week 104. The units are reported as nano-moles/Liter because this is AUC mean (the AUC is divided by the time internal so that the units return to the c-peptide units of measure).

  2. Change in HbA1c Levels Over Time [ Time Frame: Visit 9 (Week 52) and Visit 13 (Week 104) ]
    Change in HbA1c levels from Week 52 to Week 104

  3. Change in Insulin Dose (Units/kg) Over Time [ Time Frame: Visit 9 (Week 52) and Visit 13 (Week 104) ]
    Assess insulin use in units per kilogram body weight per day at weeks 52 and 104.

  4. Number of Severe Hypoglycemic Events [ Time Frame: Visit 0 (Week 0), Visit 9 (Week 52), and Visit 13 (Week 104) ]
    Major hypoglycemic events occurring from randomization at weeks 0, 52 and 104.

  5. Number of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Adverse Events will be assessed at Visit 0 (week 0), Visit 1 (Week 2), Visit 2 (Week 4), and every month thereafter. ]
    Number of adverse events that were reported throughout the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females age 12-45 years of age who meet the ADA standard T1DM criteria1. Positive for at least one islet cell autoantibody. Initial enrollment will be for subjects ages 18-45, with the goal to lower the age down to 12 upon acceptable safety review and prospect of benefit for this initial older cohort.
  • Diagnosis of T1DM within 100 days of Visit 0.
  • Peak stimulated C-peptide level >0.2 pmol/mL following an MMTT.
  • Participants of childbearing age who are sexually active must agree to use an effective form of birth control (e.g., barrier method, oral contraception, or surgery). For females, these contraceptive measures must be maintained throughout the study; for males these measures must be followed for a minimum of 3 months after discontinuation of imatinib therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior history of any significant cardiac disease such as congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, or structural defects or suspicion thereof.
  • Leukopenia (<3,000 leukocytes/μL), neutropenia (<1,500 neutrophils/μL), or thrombocytopenia (<125,000 platelets/μL).
  • Low Hemoglobin (baseline hemoglobin below lower limit of normal)
  • Prior history of anaphylaxis, angioedema or serious cutaneous drug reactions
  • Any sign of significant chronic active infection (e.g., hepatitis, tuberculosis, EBV, CMV, or toxoplasmosis), or screening laboratory evidence consistent with a significant chronic active infection (such as positive for HIV, PPD, or HBSAg). Significant acute infections must be resolved before treatment may commence, e.g., acute respiratory tract, urinary tract, or gastrointestinal tract infections.
  • Anticipated ongoing use of diabetes medications other than insulin that affect glucose homeostasis, such as metformin, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) mimetics, dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors, or amylin.
  • Prior or current treatment that is known to cause a significant, ongoing change in the course of T1DM or immunologic status, including high-dose inhaled, extensive topical or systemic glucocorticoids.
  • Evidence of liver dysfunction, with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >2.0 times the upper limit of normal persistent for 1 week or greater.
  • Evidence of renal insufficiency as indicated by serum creatinine > 1.2 times the upper limit of normal and confirmed in a repeat test at least one week apart. Evidence of clinically significant metabolic bone disease (except adequately treated rickets).
  • Females who are pregnant at the time of screening or unwilling to defer pregnancy during the 24-month study period.
  • Prior treatment with imatinib or related tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
  • Unable to avoid medications that affect CYP3A4: either inducers that may decrease imatinib levels, or inhibitors that may increase drug concentrations. (Refer to section for a complete list of inducers and inhibitors.)
  • Height standard deviation score ≥2 standard deviations below mean
  • Any sign of QT prolongation on Visit -1 noted on ECG (> 450 ms in males and > 470 ms in females)
  • Known coagulation disorders or use of anticoagulants
  • Current and anticipated on-going treatment with drugs that may increase or decrease imatinib plasma concentrations (CYP3A4 family inhibitors or inducers) or drugs that may have their plasma concentration altered by imatinib (drugs metabolized by CYP3A4/5 and CYP2D6).
  • Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, may compromise study participation or may confound the interpretation of the study results.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01781975

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United States, California
University of California-San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
United States, Colorado
Barbara Davis Center
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, Georgia
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Indiana
Indiana University
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Massachusetts
Joslin Diabetes Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Texas
University of Texas Southwestern
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Australia, Victoria
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3050
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
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Principal Investigator: Stephen E Gitelman, MD University of California, San Francisco
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Stephen E. Gitelman, University of California, San Francisco:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Stephen E. Gitelman, Director, Pediatric Diabetes Program, University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01781975    
Other Study ID Numbers: 17-2013-6
First Posted: February 1, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 8, 2018
Last Update Posted: February 11, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Imatinib Mesylate
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action