Development of a PET-MR Myocardial Perfusion Examination Using Regadenoson (PET/MR-P)
The objective for this pilot study is to develop an optimized, clinically usable myocardial PET-MR perfusion protocol and to determine which of all data potentially available should be acquired for a clinical myocardial perfusion examination. Hypothesis: The hypothesis is that high resolution, high sensitivity DCE MRI could replace the rest PET myocardial perfusion imaging, significantly decreasing examination time and patient radiation dose while maintaining the comprehensive reference-quality PET myocardial stress perfusion coverage.
The primary outcome will be comparison of diagnostic accuracy of each combination of imaging to detect clinically significant coronary artery stenosis (≥70% diameter stenosis). The secondary outcome will be comparison of confidence for presence of disease among data sets.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Development of a PET-MR Myocardial Perfusion Examination Using Regadenoson|
- Diagnostic accuracy of cardiac PET-MRI examination [ Time Frame: Up to 10 days after SPECT-MPI examination ]The primary outcome will be comparison of diagnostic accuracy of each combination of imaging to detect clinically significant coronary artery stenosis (≥70% diameter stenosis).
- Reader confidence for disease presence [ Time Frame: Up to 10 days after SPECT-MPI examination ]Secondary outcome will be comparison of confidence for presence of disease among data sets.
|Study Start Date:||January 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Single group assignment - imaging
All patients will undergo PET-MR myocardial perfusion imaging during rapid intravenous administration of 0.4 mg regadenoson.
Regadenoson 400 micrograms will be administered in a single IV bolus (<10 seconds) via an antecubital cannula and followed by 5 mL of saline flush. 10-20 seconds after the regadenoson is administered, 10 mCi of 13N-ammonia as a bolus, and 0.075 mmol/Kg of gadobenate dimeglumine MR contrast agent at a rate of 5 mL/sec followed by a 15 mL normal saline flush will be administered simultaneous, each into an antecubital vein, and a 15 min list-mode PET acquisition will be acquired simultaneously with the MR perfusion imaging.
Other Name: Lexiscan
Simultaneous acquisition PET-MRI is a new technology that has the potential to significantly impact diagnostic patient care. It combines high signal resolution MRI anatomic imaging and PET biological measurements, with the added benefit of radiation dose reduction in comparison to PET-CT. As the incidence of false positive SPECT-MPI studies secondary to attenuation artifact is relatively high and MRI coverage of the left ventricular myocardium is limited, it is likely that one of the immediate applications of PET-MRI technology is myocardial ischemia assessment.
PET has long been considered the noninvasive reference standard for myocardial perfusion. However, delayed contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI is very sensitive for infarct detection. Indeed, both PET and MR imaging have the potential to provide comprehensive whole heart ischemia and infarct detection.
PET-MR technology, with its ability to obtain simultaneous perfusion information via both PET and MRI, has the potential to obtain multiple, possibly redundant, data sets. On the other hand, it also has the potential to combine the best of both techniques to provide a highly robust examination that is both shorter and of lower radiation dose than the standard myocardial PET perfusion examination. Optimization of a protocol is necessary to develop a comprehensive protocol without redundancy. Because of its single injection capability, regadenoson is ideally suited to a protocol that will assess and employ dual-modality myocardial perfusion data collection.
It is expected that the best candidates for PET-MR myocardial perfusion imaging will likely be a) patients whose body habitus suggests that their SPECT-MPI examination would be limited by attenuation artifact -- women with large breasts and patients (usually men) with abdominal obesity and/or b) patients who may have a smaller region of ischemia that might be missed on an MRI examinations with limited perfusion coverage.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01779869
|United States, Missouri|
|Center for Clinical Imaging Research at Washington University School of Medicine|
|Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110|
|Principal Investigator:||Pamela K Woodard, MD, BA||Washington University School of Medicine|