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Safety and Efficacy of Autologous Cardiopoietic Cells for Treatment of Ischemic Heart Failure. (CHART-1)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01768702
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 15, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 1, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celyad Oncology SA

Brief Summary:
Evaluation the safety and efficacy of C3BS-CQR-1 by comparing the overall response to standard of care and C3BS-CQR-1 relative to standard of care and a sham procedure.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure Biological: Injection of C3BS-CQR-1 Biological: Sham, no injection Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 315 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Cardiopoietic Cells (C3BS-CQR-1) for the Treatment of Chronic Advanced Ischemic Heart Failure.
Study Start Date : November 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Sham Comparator: Control
Sham, no injection
Biological: Sham, no injection
Mimic the injection procedure trough insertion of a sham catheter. No injection actually performed

Experimental: C3BS-CQR-1 Treated
Injection of C3BS-CQR-1
Biological: Injection of C3BS-CQR-1
Injection of the C3BS-CQR-1 using the C-Cath® injection catheter.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy between groups post-index procedure [ Time Frame: 39 weeks post-index ]
    Change between groups from baseline and 39 weeks in a hierarchical composite outcome comprising, from most to least severe outcome, days to death from any cause, number of worsening of heart failure events, change in score for the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) (10-point deterioration, no meaningful change,10-point improvement), change in six-minute walk distance (40-m deterioration, no meaningful change, 40-m improvement) and change in left ventricular end systolic volume (15-mL deterioration, no meaningful change, 15-mL improvement), and left ventricular ejection fraction (4% absolute deterioration, no meaningful change, 4% absolute improvement).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy and safety between groups post-index procedure [ Time Frame: 52 and 104 weeks post-index ]

    Safety: Number and cause of deaths and re-admissions, number of cardiac transplantations, number of myocardial infarctions, number of strokes. Incidence of serious adverse events (AE) through week 104 and non-serious AEs (through week 52).

    Efficacy: Time to all cause mortality, time to worsening of heart failure, and time to aborted sudden death through week 52.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Efficacy and safety between groups post-index procedure [ Time Frame: 39 and 52 weeks post-index ]
    Time to all cause mortality, time to cardiovascular mortality, and rate of worsening heart failure requiring outpatient IV therapy for heart failure or readmission for heart failure, and others.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Eligible patients must meet all of the following inclusion criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 18 and < 80 years.
  2. Systolic dysfunction with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35% as assessed by echocardiography.
  3. Ischemic heart failure without known need for revascularization.
  4. Total MLHFQ score > 30.
  5. Ability to perform a 6 minute walk test > 100 m and ≤ 400 m.
  6. History of hospitalization for heart failure (HF) within 12 months prior to screening or treatment in an outpatient clinic with intravenous vasoactive therapy (including vasodilators, positive inotropic agents and vasopressors) or diuretics for worsening Heart Failure within 12 months prior to screening.
  7. Be or must have been within the previous 12 months in New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV or Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) class 4, 5, 6 or 7, and at the time of inclusion, must be at least in NYHA Class II or greater.
  8. Use of ACE inhibitor and/or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB); and beta blocker, for at least 3 months prior to screening visit, unless intolerant or contraindicated.
  9. Stable dosing of ACE inhibitor, angiotensin receptor blocker , beta blocker, aldosterone blocker,and diuretics for at least one month prior to screening visit, defined as ≤50% change in total dose of each agent.
  10. Willing and able to give written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria (summarized):

Eligible patients must meet none of the following exclusion criteria:

  1. Women who are pregnant, confirmed by a positive urine or serum human chorionic gonadotropin laboratory test at screening.
  2. Women of child-bearing potential without a negative serum or urine pregnancy test at screening. Women who are postmenopausal (12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea or 6 months of spontaneous amenorrhea with serum FSH level > 40 mIU/mL or 6 weeks post surgical bilateral oophorectomy) or surgically sterile are not considered to be of child-bearing potential. Reliable contraception includes surgical sterilization, hormonal contraception, or doublebarrier methods.
  3. Men refusing to exercise a reliable form of contraception.
  4. Myocardial infarction, unstable angina or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 90 days prior to screening, or coronary artery bypass graft surgery within 180 days prior to screening.
  5. Patient on a cardiac transplant list or previously received any solid organ transplant.
  6. Previously underwent cardiac surgery with remodeling procedure, left ventricular assist device placement or cardiomyoplasty. This exclusion does not apply to patients who underwent ventricularplasty without placement device more than one year ago.
  7. Patient has undergone cardiac resynchronization therapy within 6 months prior to screening.
  8. Severe uncontrolled HF requiring need for intensive intravenous diuretics or inotropic support within 1 month prior to screening.
  9. Inability to perform a 6 minute walk test due to physical limitations other than HF including:

    1. Severe peripheral vascular disease
    2. Severe pulmonary disease or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease limiting exercise
    3. Orthopedic limitations, severe muscular diseases, any other joint or muscular disease or neurological disorder (such as an old stroke or neuropathy) limiting the ability to walk for 6 minutes.
  10. Dependence on chronic oral steroid therapy.
  11. Stroke or transient ischemic attack leading to limitations in lower extremities or occurring within 180 days prior to screening.
  12. Active myocarditis, constrictive pericarditis, restrictive, hypertrophic or congenital cardiomyopathy.
  13. BMI < 19 or > 45.
  14. Left ventricular thrombus.
  15. Left ventricular (LV) wall thickness < 8mm visualized in more than 50% of LV, and defined as a "LV no-go zone".
  16. LV aneurysm or candidate for surgical aneurysmectomy.
  17. Sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation which led to automatic implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (AICD) therapy (shock) within 3 months prior to screening.
  18. Primary significant organic valvular heart disease.
  19. Moderate to severe aortic valve disease precluding catheter entry into the LV.
  20. Mechanical prosthetic valve in aortic or mitral position.
  21. Chronic infection or active malignancy.
  22. Patient has compromised renal function as reflected by a serum creatinine level >3.0 mg/dL (>0.265 mmol/L) or is currently on dialysis.
  23. Hematocrit < 28%.
  24. Atherosclerosis and/or tortuosity of the aorta, iliac or femoral arteries of a degree that could impede or preclude the safe retrograde passage of the delivery catheter.
  25. Chronic immunosuppressive therapy due to inflammatory or systemic disease.
  26. Patient tested positive for HIV 1 or 2, Hepatitis B or C, human T-cell lymphotrophic virus (HTLV) 1 or 2 (if required by regulations) or syphilis.
  27. Exposure to any previous experimental cell or angiogenic therapy and/or myocardial laser therapy and/or therapy with another investigational drug within 60 days prior to screening or enrollment in any concurrent study that may confound the results of this study.
  28. Known drug or alcohol dependence or any other factors which will interfere with the study conduct or interpretation of the results or in the opinion of the investigator are not suitable to participate.
  29. Any illness other than congestive heart failure which might reduce life expectancy to less than 2 years from screening.
  30. Known and relevant allergies and/or hypersensitivities to Dextran or other plasma volume expanders to include Gentran, Hyskon and Macrodex.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01768702

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Celyad Oncology SA
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Study Chair: André Terzic, MD Mayo Clinic, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Rochester (MN, USA)
Study Chair: Jozef Bartunek, MD OLV Ziekenhuis Aalst (Belgium)
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Celyad Oncology SA
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01768702    
Other Study ID Numbers: C3BS-C-11-01
2011-001117-13 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 15, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 1, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Keywords provided by Celyad Oncology SA:
Chronic Heart Failure of Ischemic Origin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases