We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Try the New Site
We're building a modernized ClinicalTrials.gov! Visit Beta.ClinicalTrials.gov to try the new functionality.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

SGI-110 in the Treatment of Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01752933
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 19, 2012
Results First Posted : July 30, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Brief Summary:
A Phase 2 open-label, single-arm, non-randomized study in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who failed prior treatment with sorafenib using a Simon's 2-stage design. A set minimum number of patients must demonstrate disease control at 16 weeks to proceed to Stage 2. At Stage 2, a set number of patients must have disease control at 16 weeks to declare that SGI-110 is of interest in the treatment of advanced HCC after failure of prior sorafenib.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Drug: SGI-110 Phase 2

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 52 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of SGI-110 in the Treatment of Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Subjects Who Failed Prior Treatment With Sorafenib
Study Start Date : December 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SGI-110
SGI-110 administered subcutaneously (SC) daily on Days 1 - 5 every 28 days
Drug: SGI-110
SGI-110 will be administered by subcutaneously (SC) on Days 1 - 5 every 28 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Control Rate (DCR) at 16 Weeks for Patients Treated With Guadecitabine After Failure of Sorafenib [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Percentage of patients achieving a best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) plus subjects with stable disease at 16 weeks after the start of treatment. Response was assessed based on the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 for target and non-target lesions using computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as follows: Complete Response (CR), disappearance of all target lesions, disappearance of all non-target lesions, and normalization of tumor marker level; Partial Response (PR), at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions from baseline; Progressive Disease (PD), at least a 20% relative increase and 5 mm absolute increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, and unequivocal progression of non-target lesions; Stable Disease, neither sufficient shrinkage to quality for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD (Eisenhauer et al. 2009, Eur. J. Cancer 45:228-247).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and Tolerability of Guadecitabine [ Time Frame: Varied by patient (median number of treatment cycles was 2.0 (range 2-8) in 60 mg/m^2 group, and 4.0 (range 1-13) in 45 mg/m^2 group ]
    Number of patients with serious adverse events and adverse events

  2. Alpha Fetoprotein Response as a Result of Guadecitabine Administration [ Time Frame: Varied by patient (median number of treatment cycles was 2.0 (range 2-8) in 60 mg/m^2 group, and 4.0 (range 1-13) in 45 mg/m^2 group ]
    Percentage of patients with best post baseline alpha fetoprotein reduction of 50% or more

  3. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: From time of first response until disease progression or date of death due to any cause, whichever occurred earlier; an average of 192 days. ]
    Duration of response as measured in days. Included subjects with a complete response or partial response based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1.

  4. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Through completion of response assessments (i.e., until disease progression or treatment discontinuation), an average of 112 days. ]
    Progression-free survival measured in days. Progression-free survival was defined as the time interval from the date of the first dose of study treatment to the earlier of 1) documented radiologic progression per RECIST v1.1 or clinical progression, or 2) death due to any cause.

  5. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Through completion of study survival follow-up, an average of 270 days. ]
    Overall survival measured in days.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 18 years of age or older
  2. Histological or cytological confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma with advanced stage disease
  3. Received prior sorafenib treatment, and showed evidence of disease progression, which is defined as Investigator verified radiologic progression, or intolerance of prior systemic therapy, which is defined as having had clinically significant adverse events that persisted despite one or more dose reductions or interruptions
  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  5. Acceptable organ function
  6. Signed an approved informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known hypersensitivity to SGI-110
  2. Adequate washout of prior radiation, chemotherapy or other locoregional therapy
  3. Abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction
  4. Uncontrolled ischemic heart disease or a history of congestive cardiac failure
  5. Known brain metastases
  6. Clinically evident ascites
  7. Child-Pugh C cirrhosis or Child-Pugh B cirrhosis with more than 7 points
  8. Prior malignancy, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, non-metastatic prostate cancer with normal prostate-specific antigen (PSA) or other cancer from which the subject has been disease free for at least three years
  9. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01752933

Show Show 24 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01752933    
Other Study ID Numbers: SGI-110-03
First Posted: December 19, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 30, 2019
Last Update Posted: January 18, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents