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FOLFOX +/- Ziv-Aflibercept for Esophageal and Gastric Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01747551
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 11, 2012
Results First Posted : May 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 8, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Peter C. Enzinger, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:

Anti-angiogenic therapy is a proven therapeutic target in refractory gastric and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. This trial assessed whether the addition of a high affinity angiogenesis inhibitor, ziv-aflibercept, could improve the efficacy of first-line mFOLFOX6 (oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and bolus plus infusional 5- fluorouracil) chemotherapy in metastatic esophagogastric adenocarcinoma.

In this study (ZAMEGA), patients with treatment-naïve esophagogastric adenocarcinoma were randomly assigned 2:1 in a multicenter, placebo-controlled double-blind trial to receive first-line mFOLFOX6 with or without ziv-aflibercept 4mg/kg every 2 weeks. Randomization was stratified by ECOG performance status (0-1 vs. 2) and primary site of disease (esophagus or GE junction vs stomach).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Esophageal Cancer Gastric Cancer Drug: Oxaliplatin Drug: Leucovorin Drug: Fluorouracil Drug: Ziv-aflibercept Phase 2

Detailed Description:

In patients with esophagogastric cancer, mFOLFOX6 is considered standard of care. Every person has molecules in their bloodstream called vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs). These molecules help grow and sustain new blood vessels needed by the human body. Cancer tumors hijack this mechanism because they need new blood vessels and oxygen to grow. Ziv-aflibercept is an antibody, a "targeted therapy" called a "VEGF Trap", that "traps" (binds) these VEGFs and prevents the cancer from using them to grow. Ziv-aflibercept has recently been approved by the FDA for patients with treatment-resistant colorectal cancer. Patients who received standard 5-fluoruracil based chemotherapy pus ziv-aflibercept lived significantly longer than those patients who received standard 5-fluoruracil alone.

The study was designed to have an 80% power, at a 0.20 significance level, to detect a difference in 6-month progression-free survival of 15%, between 65% and 50%. A one-sided log rank test was utilized and all patients treated with at least one dose of mFOLFOX6 and ziv-aflibercept/placebo were included in the statistical analysis.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 64 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Phase II Study of FOLFOX +/- Ziv-Aflibercept in Patients With Advanced Esophageal and Gastric Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 29, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 26, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Stomach Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: mFOLFOX6 + Ziv-aflibercept
Patients received mFOLFOX6 and ziv-aflibercept every 2 weeks. Ziv-aflibercept 4mg/kg was given via intravenous (IV) infusion over 1 hour. Immediately following this was administration of mFOLFOX6: oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 IV and leucovorin 400 mg/m2 IV were given concurrently over 120 minutes, followed by fluorouracil 400 mg/m2 IV bolus injection and then fluorouracil 2,400 mg/m2 IV infusion over 46 hours. Patients continued on treatment until radiological or clinical progression, unacceptable toxicity, or death.
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Other Name: Eloxatin

Drug: Leucovorin
Other Name: Folinic Acid

Drug: Fluorouracil
Other Name: 5-FU

Drug: Ziv-aflibercept
Other Names:
  • ZALTRAP
  • Eylea

Active Comparator: mFOLFOX6 + Placebo
Patients received mFOLFOX6 and placebo every 2 weeks. Placebo was given via intravenous (IV) infusion over 1 hour. Immediately following this was administration of mFOLFOX6: oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 IV and leucovorin 400 mg/m2 IV were given concurrently over 120 minutes, followed by fluorouracil 400 mg/m2 IV bolus injection and then fluorouracil 2,400 mg/m2 IV infusion over 46 hours. Patients continued on treatment until radiological or clinical progression, unacceptable toxicity, or death.
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Other Name: Eloxatin

Drug: Leucovorin
Other Name: Folinic Acid

Drug: Fluorouracil
Other Name: 5-FU




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 6-month Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Tumor assessments were performed every 8 weeks and evaluated by independent, blinded radiologists. Patient follow-up was 6 months. ]
    6-month PFS is the percent probability of patients remaining alive and progression-free at 6-months from randomization estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. PFS was measured as the time from randomization to 1st documented disease progression (PD) or death. Patients alive without PD were censored at the earliest of the date of last progression-free disease assessment or start of non-protocol therapy. Per RECIST 1.1 criteria: progressive disease (PD) is at least a 20% increase in the sum of longest diameter (LD) of target lesions taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions. PD for the evaluation of non-target lesions is the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of non-target lesions.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Grade 4 Treatment-Related Toxicity Rate [ Time Frame: Adverse events were collected each cycle on treatment. Patients received a median (range) treatment duration (months) of 6.9 (0-23.3) and 6.4 (0-43.9) for mFOLFOX6/ziv-aflibercept and mFOLFOX6/placebo, respectively. ]
    The percentage of patients who experienced maximum grade 4 treatment-related adverse event based on CTCAEv4 as reported on case report forms.

  2. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Tumor assessments were performed every 8 weeks and evaluated by independent, blinded radiologists. Patients received a median (range) treatment duration (m) of 6.9 (0-23.3) and 6.4 (0-43.9) for mFOLFOX6/ziv-aflibercept and mFOLFOX6/placebo, respectively. ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of patients achieving complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) on treatment based on RECIST 1.1 criteria. Per RECIST 1.1 for target lesions: CR is complete disappearance of all target lesions and PR is at least a 30% decrease in the sum of longest diameter (LD) of target lesions, taking as reference baseline sum LD. PR or better overall response assumes at a minimum incomplete response/stable disease (SD) for the evaluation of non-target lesions and absence of new lesions.

  3. Duration of Objective Response [ Time Frame: Tumor assessments were performed every 8 weeks and evaluated by independent, blinded radiologists. Patient follow-up (months) median (range) was 14.5 (1.1-49.8) and 18.8 (0.6-49.8) for mFOLFOX6/ziv-aflibercept and mFOLFOX6/placebo, respectively. ]
    Duration of response is the time from date of first documented confirmed objective response to date of first documented progressive disease. Per RECIST 1.1 for target lesions: PD is at least a 20% increase in sum LD, taking as reference the smallest sum on study with at least 5 mm absolute increase. For non-target lesions, progression-free means no new lesions or unequivocal progression on existing non-target lesions or not evaluated.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmed adenocarcinoma of esophagus, GE junction or gastric origin
  • Disease is not amenable to curative resection and is unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic
  • Have not received any prior chemotherapy, investigative or biologic agents for esophagogastric cancer except in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting
  • Any major surgery must be completed at least 4 weeks prior to study entry, minor procedures must be completed at least 2 weeks prior to study entry
  • Vascular access device insertion should be performed at least 1 week prior to study entry. A central line is recommended for all participants
  • Willing to use adequate contraception prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation and for 3 months after the last dose of Ziv-aflibercept/placebo

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of hypertension unless adequately controlled
  • Evidence of active bleeding from primary tumor at time of study entry
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Squamous cell carcinoma histology
  • Prior treatment for advanced or metastatic disease
  • Palliative radiation to < 25% of bone marrow must have been completed 2 weeks prior to study entry, palliative RT to > 25% must have been completed 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Known allergy to study agents
  • Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency or thymidylate kinase gene polymorphism predisposing participant to 5-FU toxicity
  • History of symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • Clinically significant peripheral arterial disease
  • Grade 2 or higher sensory or motor neuropathy
  • Serious unhealed wound, ulcers or bone fractures
  • History of HIV positivity or hepatitis B or C
  • History of abdominal fistula, wound dehiscence, GI perforation, intra abdominal abscess, uncontrolled GI bleeding or diverticulitis that required hospitalization within 6 months of study entry
  • History of arterial thrombotic events
  • History of CNS hemorrhage in past 6 months
  • Use of warfarin
  • History of prior or synchronous malignancy except if treated with curative intent more than 3 years prior to enrollment, or adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancers, cervical carcinoma in situ or prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia without evidence of prostate cancer
  • Uncontrolled non-malignant illness
  • Uncontrolled psychiatric illness

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01747551


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02214
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Peter Enzinger, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Responsible Party: Peter C. Enzinger, MD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01747551     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-401
First Posted: December 11, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 8, 2018
Last Update Posted: May 8, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Peter C. Enzinger, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Advanced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Neoplasms
Esophageal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Esophageal Diseases
Oxaliplatin
Fluorouracil
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs