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Peptide Vaccinations Plus GM-CT-01 in Melanoma

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified November 2012 by Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01723813
First Posted: November 8, 2012
Last Update Posted: November 8, 2012
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the intravenous and/or GM-CT-01 administration can correct Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TIL) anergy and induce a more efficient and long-lasting anti-tumoral immune response following peptide vaccination.

Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Melanoma Biological: Tumor specific peptides: MAGE-3.A1 and / or NA17.A2 Biological: Galectin-3 inhibitor: GM-CT-01 systemic injections Biological: Galectin-3 inhibitor: GM-CT-01 Peri-tumoral administration Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Peptide Vaccination Associated With GM-CT-01, a Galactomannan Oligomer That Inhibits Galectin-3, in Patients With Advanced Metastatic Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of participants with adverse events [ Time Frame: 30 days after last administration of Study drugs ]
    Change from baseline in adverse events will be recorded at each patient's visit and up to 30 days after last administration of study drugs. Measurements will use the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Effects 4,0 scale

  • Response rate in both arms [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at week 7 and week 20 ]
    Efficacy of the combination of a peptide vaccine and GM-CT-01 injections measures performed by CT-scan or MRI


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Response rate in group 2 versus group 1 [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at week 7 and week 20 ]
    To determine whether addition of peri-tumoral injections of GM-CT-01 increase tumor response therefore response rate observed in group 1 will be compared with group 2

  • Time to Progression [ Time Frame: From date of inclusion until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, which ever came first, assessed up to 100 weeks ]
    patients will be followed every three months at consultation and with radiological examination, they will be assessed up to 100 weeks

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From day of inclusion to date of death ]
    patients will be followed every three months at consultation and with radiological examination, they will be assessed up to 100 weeks

  • Immunogenicity of the treatment [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at week 20 ]
    assessed at baseline and at week 20


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Translational research [ Time Frame: baseline and at progression ]
    anti-tumoral immunological events in tumor samples obtained before and at progression

  • Pharmacokinetics of GM-CT-01 [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at days 46 to 48 ]
    serum concentration of GM-CT-01


Estimated Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: April 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1 : peptides + GM-CT-01 IV
Tumor specific peptides: MAGE-3.A1 and / or NA17.A2 plus Galectin-3 inhibitor: GM-CT-01 systemic injections
Biological: Tumor specific peptides: MAGE-3.A1 and / or NA17.A2
Each peptide will be given at a dose of 300 µg in 1 ml of sodium chloride 0.9%, every 3 weeks on 6 occasions, and will be administered at one site in arm or thigh, 20% of the dose intradermally and 80% of the dose subcutaneously.
Biological: Galectin-3 inhibitor: GM-CT-01 systemic injections
Systemic injection of GM-CT-01: GM-CT-01 will be administered by slow intravenous infusions at a dose of 280 mg/m2, on days +3, +6, +9, +12, +15, +18 after each of the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th vaccination.
Experimental: Group 2 : peptides + GM-CT-01 IV+PT
Tumor specific peptides: MAGE-3.A1 and / or NA17.A2 plus Galectin-3 inhibitor: GM-CT-01 systemic injections and Galectin-3 inhibitor: GM-CT-01 Peri-tumoral administration
Biological: Tumor specific peptides: MAGE-3.A1 and / or NA17.A2
Each peptide will be given at a dose of 300 µg in 1 ml of sodium chloride 0.9%, every 3 weeks on 6 occasions, and will be administered at one site in arm or thigh, 20% of the dose intradermally and 80% of the dose subcutaneously.
Biological: Galectin-3 inhibitor: GM-CT-01 systemic injections
Systemic injection of GM-CT-01: GM-CT-01 will be administered by slow intravenous infusions at a dose of 280 mg/m2, on days +3, +6, +9, +12, +15, +18 after each of the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th vaccination.
Biological: Galectin-3 inhibitor: GM-CT-01 Peri-tumoral administration
GM-CT-01 will be injected peri-tumoral at a dose of 100 µg per tumor injected, on days +3, +6, +9, +12, +15, +18 after each of the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th vaccination. If a patient has one or two superficial metastases at day 43 of the treatment, one of these lesions will be treated. If a patient has more than two superficial metastases at day 43, two of these lesions will be treated.

Detailed Description:

Human cancers express tumor antigens that can be targeted by cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL). These antigens consist of a small peptide, derived from endogenous proteins, that is presented at the cancer cell's surface by an HLA class I molecule. Such antigenic peptides, including MAGE-3.A1 and NA17.A2, have been tested in experimental therapeutic vaccines to elicit CTL responses in cancer patients, mainly with metastatic melanoma. Up to now, only rare tumor responses have been observed.

Tumor resistance to CTL killing is the most likely explanation for the poor effectiveness of cancer vaccines. This resistance is probably acquired by the tumor during its development and selected by its repetitive challenge with spontaneous anti-tumoral immune responses. Recently, we have identified a novel mechanism causing anergy of tumor-associated T lymphocytes, and established new approaches to correct this anergy in vitro. Galectin-3, secreted by tumor cells, appears to inhibit CTL function the co-localization of the T cell receptor and the cluster of differentiation 8 coreceptor. Importantly, this functional defect is restored when anergic T cells are incubated with galectin-3 inhibitors such as the disaccharides lactose and N-acetyllactosamine, and the polysaccharide GM-CT-01. GM-CT-01 is a vegetal galactomannan oligomer, currently under clinical investigation in several types of solid malignancies for its capacity to inhibit galectins and to synergize with chemotherapy drugs.

Our observations suggest that treatment of cancer patients with GM-CT-01 could correct TIL anergy and induce a more efficient and long-lasting anti-tumoral immune response following peptide vaccination.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically proven cutaneous melanoma at one of the following American Joint Committee on Cancer stages : Regional metastatic disease (any T; N2c or N3; M0), no amenable to curative treatment by surgery or isolated limb perfusion.Distant metastatic disease (any T; any N; M1a, M1b or M1c*).*except uncontrolled brain metastasis and except Lactate dehydrogenase >1.5 upper normal value
  • HLA-A1 or HLA-A2 (by serology or molecular biology)
  • At least one of the two following conditions:

MAGE-3 gene expression by the tumor if patient is HLA-A1 NA17 gene expression by the tumor if patient is HLA-A2 (determined by reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction amplification).

  • Measurable Disease. Patients must have at least 1 measurable metastasis at study entry for all patients. In addition, patients candidates for enrollment in Group 2 who will receive peri-tumoral injections of GM-CT-01 must have at least 1 superficial metastasis (cutaneous, subcutaneous or superficial lymph node metastasis, with its largest diameter equal to or greater than 5, 5, or 10 mm, respectively) at study entry.
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • Karnofsky Performance status ≥70 or WHO performance status of 0 or 1
  • Expected survival of at least 6 months.
  • Laboratory values :

Platelet count ≥100x103/μL Leukocyte count ≥ 3x103/μL Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL Aspartate transaminase and Alanine transaminase ≤ 2 times upper normal value Serum creatinine ≤1.5 times upper normal value Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper normal value Lactate dehydrogenase ≤ 1.5 times upper normal value

  • Viral serology : negative antibodies for Hepatitis C Virus & HIV; negative antigens for Hepatitis B Virus.
  • Patient should agree to perform biopsies and blood collections for translational research.
  • Signed informed consent from the patient must be obtained.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled brain or central nervous system metastasis.
  • Previous treatment for the melanoma within 6 weeks from inclusion, with any reagent known to modulate the immune system such as a cancer vaccine, interferon-alpha, interleukins or anti-CTLA-4 antibodies.
  • Previous chemotherapy, radiotherapy, corticotherapy, or other immune suppressive therapy within 4 weeks from inclusion.
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease (including cardiac insufficiency New York Heart Association grade III and IV, unstable angina, arrythmia, myocardial infarction, symptomatic congestive heart failure) in the past 12 months before enrollment.
  • Other serious acute or chronic illnesses, e.g. active infections requiring antibiotics, bleeding disorders or other conditions requiring concurrent medications not allowed during this study.
  • Other malignancy within 3 years prior to entry in the study, except for treated non-melanoma skin cancer and in situ cervical carcinoma.
  • Active immunodeficiency disease or autoimmune disease (vitiligo is not an exclusion criterion).
  • Lack of availability for immunological and clinical follow-up assessments.
  • Participation in any other clinical trial involving another investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Subject pregnant or breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant within 6 months after the end of treatment.
  • Subject (male or female) not willing to use highly effective methods of contraception (per institutional standard) during treatment and for 6 months after the end of treatment.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01723813


Contacts
Contact: Jean-François Baurain, MD / PhD +32 2 764 54 71 jean-francois.baurain@uclouvain.be

Locations
Belgium
Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc Recruiting
Brussels, Belgium, 1200
Contact: Jean-François Baurain, MD / PhD    +32 2 764 54 71    jean-francois.baurain@uclouvain.be   
Principal Investigator: Jean-François Baurain, MD / PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jean-Francois BAURAIN, MD, PhD Cliniques univeristaires Saint-Luc
  More Information

Responsible Party: Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01723813     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LUC 10-001
First Submitted: September 28, 2012
First Posted: November 8, 2012
Last Update Posted: November 8, 2012
Last Verified: November 2012

Keywords provided by Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain:
Immunotherapy
Tumor-specific peptides
GM-CT-01

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs