A Pilot Study of ALTENS in Improving Dysphagia Induced by IMRT for Head and Neck Cancers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01697891
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2012 by Raimond Wong, McMaster University.
Recruitment status was:  Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : October 2, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 2, 2012
Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Raimond Wong, McMaster University

Brief Summary:

Study hypothesis: ALTENS techniques, administered within the first 3 months after radiation completion, can improve radiation-induced dysphagia and associated symptoms in head and neck cancer patients. This beneficial effect is mediated by the reduction of chronic inflammatory response of swallowing musculature to radiation, consequently a reduction in muscle fibrosis.

Primary study objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of ALTENS in relieving radiation-induced dysphagia. Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) scores will be used for this primary study endpoint.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Dysphagia Device: Codetron ALTENS Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Difficulty in swallowing is a concerning symptom after radiation treatment for some types of head and neck cancers. Swallowing becomes difficult when radiation damage induces inflammation (with swelling and pain) in the inner covering tissues of the throat and muscles that involve in the swallowing process. Currently, supportive measures are used to manage this symptom while waiting for the tissue damages to heal. In some patients, the inflamed muscles develop scar tissues causing long-term swallowing difficulty and narrowing of the swallowing passage. Needle acupuncture may help to reduce tissue inflammation and may lessen the severity of swallowing difficulty. However, needle puncture is often not desired by patients. Acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (ALTENS) is like acupuncture treatment, but the acupuncture points are stimulated with mild electrical stimulation without needles, simplifying treatment delivery. This study is to examine if a pre-selected set of acupuncture points treated using ALTENS can reduce swallowing difficulty. There will be a total of 12 treatments given over 6 to 8 weeks. Changes in severity of swallowing difficult after treatment will be assessed using 2 subjective assessment tools.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 35 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Effectiveness of Acupuncture-like Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation (ALTENS) in Improving Dysphagia and Associated Symptoms of Chemotherapy and/or Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) for Head and Neck Cancers: A Pilot Study
Study Start Date : October 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ALTENS
Patients in this arm will be treated with Acupuncture-like Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation using Codetron (Codetron ALTENS)
Device: Codetron ALTENS
ALTENS stimulation of a set of selected acupuncture points for 20 minutes in each treatment. Two treatments per week for a total of 12 treatments to be delivered within 8 weeks.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Subjective Dysphagia Assessment Score: EAT-10 from baseline [ Time Frame: 3 months after treatment completion ]
    EAT-10 is a self-administered questionnaire for subjective assessment of dysphagia. It consists of 10 items and each item is scored using a 5-point Likert scale. The higher the point, the more severe the problem being scored. Normative data suggested that a total score of 3 or higher is abnormal.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in M. D. Anderson dysphagia inventory from baseline [ Time Frame: 3 months after treatment completion ]
    M. D. Anderson dysphagia inventory (MDADI) is a self-administered questionnaire designed specifically to assess the quality of life for head and neck cancer patients who suffer from dysphagia. It incorporated three domains: emotional, functional and physical, and one global question. There are a total of 20 items.Each item is scored on a scale of 1 to 5 with 1 being strongly agree and 5 strongly disagree except for two items, one on the emotional subscale and the other on the functional subscale. The global question is scored and interpreted separately. The scores of all the items in each domain are summed and a mean score is calculated. The final score for each subscale is calculated by multiplying the calculated mean score by 20 with a final range from 0 to 100. The final score of the global question is also calculated in the same way. The higher the final score represents better functioning and quality of life.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:This study will recruit patients with head and neck cancers treated with radiation+/- chemotherapy and who meet the following criteria (EAT-10 assessment will be used for screening):

Inclusion Criteria

  1. present with dysphagia symptoms
  2. with no evidence of residue cancer
  3. are within 3 months (but past 1 month) after treatment completion
  4. show positive dysphagia (EAT-10 score of > 3) and/ or aspiration on barium swallow study
  5. are over 18 years old
  6. are able to read and write fluent English
  7. can give informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. have unstable heart disease
  2. have infectious disease transmissible by blood or body fluid, including hepatitis and HIV
  3. have skin disease at site of study acupuncture points that prevents the application of electrodes

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01697891

Canada, Ontario
Juravinski Cancer Centre
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V5C2
Sponsors and Collaborators
McMaster University
Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
Principal Investigator: Raimond Wong, MD McMaster University

Responsible Party: Raimond Wong, Associate Professor, Department of Oncology, McMaster University Identifier: NCT01697891     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MU12-530
First Posted: October 2, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2012
Last Verified: October 2012

Keywords provided by Raimond Wong, McMaster University:
Radiation Treatment
Head and Neck Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Deglutition Disorders
Neoplasms by Site
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Pharyngeal Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases