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Gene and Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Advanced Malignancies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01697527
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 2, 2012
Last Update Posted : December 2, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial will examine whether genetically reprogramming a patient's disease fighting white blood cells may build an immune response to kill cancer cells that express the NY-ESO-1 protein. In this study, this genetic therapy will be given during a stem cell transplant along with a vaccine therapy. The vaccine will be made using the NY-ESO-1 protein and may help to stimulate the engineered immune response to tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Neoplasm Biological: aldesleukin Drug: fludarabine phosphate Drug: cyclophosphamide Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Biological: NY-ESO-1 reactive TCR retroviral vector transduced autologous PBL Biological: dendritic cell vaccine therapy Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18 Procedure: positron emission tomography Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To evaluate whether we can safely administer NY-ESO-1 T cell receptor transduced autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) (up to 1x10^9 cells) along with an NY-ESO-1 dendritic cell vaccine and low dose IL-2 to patients with advanced malignancies.

II. To evaluate the feasibility of delivering two patient-specific cell therapies, the NY-ESO-1 TCR transgenic peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and NY-ESO-1 (157-165) peptide pulsed dendritic cells (DC), within a technically challenging study design that requires other significant interventions, like a lymphodepleting conditioning regimen and post-infusion of subcutaneous low dose interleukin (IL)-2 (aldesleukin).

III. To determine the rate of objective tumor responses, by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) objective response criteria.


I. To determine the persistence of NY-ESO-1 TCR-engineered cells. This will be determined by temporally analyzing peripheral blood samples for the presence of T cells with the transduced NY-ESO-1 TCR by tetramer or dextramer analysis.

II. To explore the homing and persistence of the adoptively transferred NY-ESO-1 TCR-engineered PBMC in secondary lymphoid organs and tumor deposits via positron emission tomography (PET)-based imaging using the PET tracer fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG).


CONDITIONING: Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days -5 to -4 and fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes on days -4 to -1.

TRANSPLANT: Patients receive NY-ESO-1 TCR transduced autologous PBMC IV on day 0. Patients also receive NY-ESO-1 (157-165) peptide pulsed dendritic cell vaccine therapy intradermally (ID) on days 1, 14, and 30 and aldesleukin subcutaneously (SC) twice daily (BID) on days 1-14. Patients may receive 3 additional doses of NY-ESO-1 (157-165) peptide pulsed dendritic cell vaccine therapy after day 90.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30, 45, 60, and 75 days; every 3 months for 2 years; every 6 months for 3 years; and annually thereafter.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Adoptive Transfer of NY-ESO-1 TCR Engineered Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) After a Nonmyeloablative Conditioning Regimen, With Administration of NY-ESO-1157-165 Pulsed Dendritic Cells and Interleukin-2, in Patients With Advanced Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : November 2, 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (gene and vaccine therapy)

CONDITIONING: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -5 to -4 and fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes on days -4 to -1.

TRANSPLANT: Patients receive NY-ESO-1 reactive TCR retroviral vector transduced autologous PBL IV on day 0. Patients also receive NY-ESO-1 (157-165) peptide pulsed dendritic cell vaccine therapy ID on days 1, 14, and 30 and aldesleukin SC BID on days 1-14. Patients may receive 3 additional doses of NY-ESO-1 (157-165) peptide pulsed dendritic cell vaccine therapy after day 90.

Biological: aldesleukin
Given SC
Other Names:
  • IL-2
  • Proleukin
  • recombinant human interleukin-2
  • recombinant interleukin-2

Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara

Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: NY-ESO-1 reactive TCR retroviral vector transduced autologous PBL
Undergo NY-ESO-1 reactive TCR retroviral vector transduced autologous PBL
Other Names:
  • anti-NY-ESO-1 TCR gene-engineered lymphocytes
  • anti-NY-ESO-1 TCR retroviral vector-transduced lymphocytes

Biological: dendritic cell vaccine therapy
Given NY-ESO-1-157-165 peptide pulsed dendritic cell vaccine ID

Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Undergo PET scan using [18F] FDG tracer
Other Names:
  • 18FDG
  • FDG

Procedure: positron emission tomography
Undergo fludeoxyglucose F18 PET
Other Names:
  • PET
  • PET scan
  • tomography, emission computed

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical response [ Time Frame: Day +90 ]
    Will be determined by RECIST 1.1 Criteria on Day +90

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. NY-ESO-1 TCR transgenic cell persistence, quantitated in PBMC samples [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
  2. NY-ESO-1 TCR transgenic cell tumor trafficking [ Time Frame: Up to 40 days ]
    Regional uptake of fludeoxyglucose F18 within metastatic tumor sites and secondary lymphoid organs will be quantified by standardized uptake values (SUV) normalized to the body weight of the patient. The numbers of T lymphocytes will be quantified.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stage IV or locally advanced cancers for which no alternative therapies with proven survival advantage are available.
  • At least 1 lesion amenable for an outpatient biopsy; this should be a cutaneous or palpable metastatic site or a deeper site accessible by image-guided biopsy that is deemed safe to access by the treating physicians and interventional radiologists. Patients without accessible lesions for biopsy but with prior tissue available from metastatic disease would be eligible at the investigator's discretion.
  • NY-ESO-1 positive malignancy by IHC utilizing commonly available NY-ESO-1 antibodies.
  • HLA-A*0201 (HLA-A2.1) positivity by molecular subtyping.
  • Age greater than or equal to 16 years old.
  • Life expectancy greater than 3 months assessed by a study physician.
  • A minimum of one measurable lesion defined as:

    a. Meeting the criteria for measurable disease according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST).

  • For patients with skin metastases, lesions selected as non-completely biopsied target lesion(s) that can be accurately measured and recorded by color photography with a ruler to document the size of the target lesion(s).
  • No restriction based on prior treatments.
  • ECOG performance status (PS) 0 or 1.
  • Adequate bone marrow and hepatic function determined within 30-60 days prior to enrollment, defined as:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count > or = 1.5 x 109 cells/L.
    2. Platelets > or = 100 x 109/L.
    3. Hemoglobin > or = 10 g/dL.
    4. Aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST, ALT) < or = 2.5 x ULN (< or = 5 x ULN, if documented liver metastases are present).
    5. Total bilirubin < or = 2 x ULN (except patients with documented Gilbert's syndrome).
    6. Creatinine < 2 mg/dl (or a glomerular filtration rate > 60 mL/min).
  • Must be willing and able to accept at least two leukapheresis procedures.
  • Must be willing and able to accept at least two tumor biopsies.
  • Must be willing and able to provide written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Previously known hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study.
  • Received systemic treatment for cancer, including immunotherapy, within one month prior to initiation of dosing within this protocol. However, cell harvesting by leukapheresis may be performed before one month from prior therapy if the study investigators consider that it will not have a detrimental impact on the generation of the two cell therapies in this protocol.
  • History of, or significant evidence of risk for, chronic inflammatory or autoimmune disease (eg, Addison's disease, multiple sclerosis, Graves disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, hypophysitis, pituitary disorders, etc.). Patients will be eligible if prior autoimmune disease is not deemed to be active (e.x. fibrotic damage of the thyroid after thyroiditis or its treatment, with stable thyroid hormone replacement therapy). Vitiligo will not be a basis for exclusion.
  • History of inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, or other chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea or bleeding, or current acute colitis of any origin.
  • Potential requirement for systemic corticosteroids or concurrent immunosuppressive drugs based on prior history or received systemic steroids within the last 4 weeks prior to enrollment (inhaled or topical steroids at standard doses are allowed).
  • HIV seropositivity or other congenital or acquired immune deficiency state, which would increase the risk of opportunistic infections and other complications during chemotherapy-induced lympho-depletion. If there is a positive result in the infectious disease testing that was not previously known, the patient will be referred to their primary physician and/or infectious disease specialist.
  • Hepatitis B or C seropositivity with evidence of ongoing liver damage, which would increase the likelihood of hepatic toxicities from the chemotherapy conditioning regimen and supportive treatments. If there is a positive result in the infectious disease testing that was not previously known, the patient will be referred to their primary physician and/or infectious disease specialist.
  • Dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent and compliance with the requirements of this protocol.
  • Clinically active brain metastases. Radiological documentation of absence of active brain metastases at screening is required for all patients. Prior evidence of brain metastasis successfully treated with surgery or radiation therapy will not be exclusion for participation as long as they are deemed under control at the time of study enrollment.
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding. Female patients must be surgically sterile or be postmenopausal for two years, or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of treatment and 6 months after. All female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum/urine) within 14 days from starting the conditioning chemotherapy. The definition of effective contraception will be based on the judgment of the study investigators.
  • Since IL-2 is administered following cell infusion:

    1. Patients will be excluded if they have a history of clinically significant ECG abnormalities, symptoms of cardiac ischemia or arrhythmias and have a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 45% on a cardiac stress test (stress thallium, stress MUGA, dobutamine echocardiogram, or other stress test)
    2. Similarly, patients who are 50 years old with a baseline LVEF < 45% will be excluded.
    3. Patients with ECG results of any conduction delays (PR interval >200ms, QTC > 480ms), sinus bradycardia (resting heart rate <50 beats per minute), sinus tachycardia (HR>120 beats per minute) will be evaluated by a cardiologist prior to starting the trial. Patients with any arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation/atrila flutter, excessive ectopy (defined as >20 PVCs per minute), ventricular tachycardia, 3rd degree heart block will be excluded from the study unless cleared by a cardiologist.
    4. Patients with pulmonary function test abnormalities as evidenced by a FEV1/FVC< 70% of predicted for normality will be excluded.
  • Received 3 or more prior myelotoxic treatment regimens.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01697527

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United States, California
University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA )
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: Antonio Ribas, MD, PhD Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT01697527    
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-000153
NCI-2012-01548 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: October 2, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 2, 2022
Last Verified: December 2022
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fludarabine phosphate
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents