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Psychological Effects of Tai Chi Training

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01681082
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 7, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 11, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Brief Summary:
The general purpose of this study is to examine the effect of tai chi training on cognitive function in young adults. The investigators will test subjects enrolled in a semester-long tai chi course along with control subjects. The specific aims are to measure duration of practice, cognitive function, physical balance, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) indicators. The investigators primary hypotheses are that, compared to controls, subjects in the tai chi course will show improvements in (1a) spatial working memory and (1b) response inhibition. The investigators secondary hypotheses are that, among the subjects participating in the tai chi course, these cognitive improvements will correlate with (2a) improvements in balance and (2b) duration of tai chi practice, and that, among all participants, (2c) ADHD indications will correlate with cognitive measures.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity Behavioral: Tai Chi training Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 161 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Psychological Effects of Tai Chi Training
Study Start Date : September 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tai Chi Training
Subjects will be recruited from the University of Wisconsin-Madison course, "Introduction to Martial Arts: Tai Chi".
Behavioral: Tai Chi training
24 form Yang style Tai Chi. 50 minute sessions, twice weekly.

No Intervention: Control
Subjects will be recruited from the University of Wisconsin-Madison course "Introduction to Psychology".

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in working memory [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    CANTAB Spatial Working Memory Task: SWM between errors

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in physical balance [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    One Legged Stance Test. Time standing on one leg with eyes closed. Average over left and right leg of best of three trials on each side.

  2. Change in impulsivity [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    CANTAB Stop Signal Task: reaction time (SSRT).

  3. Change in affective processing [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    CANTAB Affective Go/No-Go Task: mean correct latency

  4. Change in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) scale [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    World Health Organization adult ADHD self-report scale (ASRS). Scoring of 6 item ASRS screener per Kessler et al. Psychological Medicine (2005) 35:245-256.

  5. Duration of practice [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]
    Total minutes of tai chi practice including class time.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 23 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Able to perform balance and cognitive tests

Exclusion Criteria:

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01681082

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United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Waisman Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
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Principal Investigator: Alexander K. Converse University of Wisconsin, Madison
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier: NCT01681082    
Other Study ID Numbers: SE-2012-0539
First Posted: September 7, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 11, 2021
Last Verified: December 2015
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders