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Effects of Prevention in School (PS): a Swedish School-wide Positive Behavior Support Program at the Primary Prevention Level

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01670591
First Posted: August 22, 2012
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2012
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Maria Bodin, Karolinska Institutet
  Purpose
Prevention in School (PS) is a modified School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Program at the universal prevention level, developed by Swedish researchers for the school years 4 -9. By defining and teaching school rules to all teachers and students, and by consistently acknowledging students when meeting behavioural expectations, the program aims to reduce problem behaviours in school areas and to improve the classroom learning climate. Against this background, the purpose of this study is to examine whether PS is more effective than schools' ordinary practices in meeting these goals.

Condition Intervention
Problem Behaviors Among Students Classroom Learning Environment Behavioral: PS - Prevention in School

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention

Further study details as provided by Maria Bodin, Karolinska Institutet:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Student problem behaviors [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    1. Teacher-reported problem behaviors in school areas during last week
    2. Teacher-reported problem behaviors in classrooms during last week
    3. Student-reported problem behaviors in school areas during the school-year
    4. Student-reported problem behaviors in classrooms during the school-year


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Classroom learning climate [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    1. Teacher self-reports; Teacher Classroom Climate Scale
    2. Student self-reports; Student Classroom Climate Scale


Enrollment: 3207
Study Start Date: January 2009
Study Completion Date: May 2012
Primary Completion Date: May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PS - Prevention in School
Teachers learn to use the core program components (defining and teaching school rules and the handling of rule breakings, principles of positive behavior support)with help from external consultants during approximately 1.5 years.
Behavioral: PS - Prevention in School
No Intervention: Business as usual

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 15 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Schools situated in Stockholm county and in bordering counties within travelling distance from Stockholm.
  • Comprising the grades 4-9 (10-15 years).
  • A minimum of 2 classes/50 students in each of the grades 5-7.
  • A majority (min.80%)of the staff is positive towards program participation.
  • School management willing to take active part in change/developmental work.
  • A willingness to submit to study conditions (randomization etc)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participation in other ongoing research projects.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01670591


Locations
Sweden
STAD, Stockholm Centre for Psychiatric Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet
Stockholm, Sweden, 10231
Sponsors and Collaborators
Karolinska Institutet
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Maria Bodin STAD, Stockholm Centre for Psychiatric Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet
  More Information

Publications:
Horner RH, Todd AW, Lewis-Palmer T, Irvin LK, Sugai G, & Boland JB. The school-wide evaluation tool (SET): A research instrument for assessing school-wide positive behaviour support. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 6, 3-12, 2004.
Sundell K, Koutakis N, Hellqvist A, Andrén J, Karlberg M, Forster M & Hassler-Hallstedt M. Prevention i skolan. Forskningsbaserat preventionsprogram för grundskolans år 4-9. FoU-rapport 2007:6. Stockholms stadsledningskontor: FoU-enheten, 2007.
Sørlie M-A, Ogden T. Immediate impacts of PALS: A school wide multi-level programme targeting behaviour problems in elementary school. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 5: 471-492, 2007.
Sørlie M-A, Nordahl, T. Problematferd i skolen: Hovedfunn, forklaringer og pedagogiske implikasjoner. [Behaviour problems in school: Main findings, explanations, and pedagogical implications].Hovedrapport fra forskningsprosjektet Skole- och samspillsvansker (Rapport 12a/98). Oslo: Norsk Institutt for forsknings om oppvekst, velferd og aldring, 1998.

Responsible Party: Maria Bodin, Principal Investigator, Karolinska Institutet
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01670591     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 21-12050/2008
First Submitted: August 15, 2012
First Posted: August 22, 2012
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2012
Last Verified: August 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Problem Behavior
Behavioral Symptoms