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Belimumab in Remission of VASculitis (BREVAS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01663623
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 13, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 29, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline ( Human Genome Sciences Inc., a GSK Company )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of belimumab, in combination with azathioprine, for the maintenance of remission following a standard induction regimen in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis or microscopic polyangiitis. The random assignment in this study is "1 to 1" which means that participants have an equal chance of receiving belimumab or placebo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Vasculitis Biological: Placebo Biological: Belimumab 10 mg/kg Drug: Azathioprine Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 106 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multi-Center, Multinational, Randomized, Double-Blind, Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Belimumab (HGS1006) in Combination With Azathioprine for the Maintenance of Remission in Wegener's Granulomatosis and Microscopic Polyangiitis
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 6, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : February 6, 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo plus azathioprine
Placebo IV plus oral azathioprine 2 mg/kg/day; placebo administered on Days 0, 14, 28, and then every 28 days until the end of the study. If the results in the double-blind period show that belimumab is safe and effective, then participants have the option to receive treatment with belimumab in a 6-month open-label extension phase. Placebo patients who opt to participate in the extension will receive belimumab 10 mg/kg IV every 28 days plus oral azathioprine 2 mg/kg/day for an additional 6 months.
Biological: Placebo
Placebo
Drug: Azathioprine
Azathioprine
Experimental: Belimumab 10 mg/kg plus azathioprine
Belimumab 10 mg/kg IV plus oral azathioprine 2 mg/kg/day; belimumab administered on Days 0, 14, 28, and then every 28 days until the end of the study. If the results in the double-blind period show that belimumab is safe and effective, then participants have the option to continue treatment with belimumab in a 6-month open-label extension phase. Patients who opt to participate in the extension will continue to receive belimumab 10 mg/kg IV every 28 plus oral azathioprine 2 mg/kg/day days for an additional 6 months.
Biological: Belimumab 10 mg/kg
Belimumab 10 mg/kg
Other Name: BENLYSTA™
Drug: Azathioprine
Azathioprine



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to First Relapse [ Time Frame: Approximately up to 4 years ]
    Time to relapse is defined as the number of days from Day 0 until the participant experienced a relapse (relapse date - treatment start date +1). Only post-baseline relapses were considered in these analyses. Only relapses occurring up to and including the last visit date in the double-blind treatment period were considered in these analyses. Intent-to-treat population comprised of all randomized participants who received at least one dose of study agent (belimumab or placebo). NA indicates that the data was not available as the Number of events is too low to estimate the value. Median and Inter-quartile range were presented and were based on Kaplan Meier estimates.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Major Relapse During the Double-blind Phase of the Study [ Time Frame: Approximately up to 4 years ]
    Data for number of participants with major relapse [defined as experiencing at least 1 major Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) item] during the double-bind phase of the study was reported. Analysis was performed using a Cox proportional hazard model.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical diagnosis Wegener's granulomatosis or microscopic polyangiitis by Chapel Hill criteria.
  • Disease flare in the past 26 weeks requiring treatment with high dose corticosteroids and 1 of the following medications: rituximab, oral cyclophosphamide OR IV cyclophosphamide.
  • Tested positive for anti-proteinase 3 (anti-PR3) or anti-myeloperoxidase (anti-MPO) antibodies at any time prior to enrollment.
  • Achieve remission no more than 26 weeks after first dose of induction treatment. Remission is defined as a Birmingham Vasculitis Activity (BVAS) score of 0 and receiving less than 10 mg/day of oral prednisone (or equivalent) on 2 consecutive visits 21 to 35 days apart.
  • Maintenance therapy on this study must start no more than 2 weeks after confirmation of remission.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or nursing.
  • Receipt of a B cell targeted therapy (other than rituximab) at anytime
  • Receipt of an investigational biological agent within the past 60 days.
  • Required management of acute or chronic infections within the past 60 days.
  • Current drug or alcohol abuse or dependence.
  • Current or past positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C.
  • History of severe allergic reaction to contrast agents or biological medicines.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01663623


  Show 89 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Human Genome Sciences Inc., a GSK Company
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by GlaxoSmithKline ( Human Genome Sciences Inc., a GSK Company ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] February 26, 2015
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 6, 2017


Responsible Party: Human Genome Sciences Inc., a GSK Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01663623     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 115466
First Posted: August 13, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 29, 2017
Last Verified: March 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline ( Human Genome Sciences Inc., a GSK Company ):
Wegener's Granulomatosis
anti-MPO
WG
Belimumab
GPA
anti-proteinase 3
anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
anti-myeloperoxidase
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
Vasculitis
Autoimmune Diseases
Microscopic Polyangiitis
anti-PR3
ANCA
MPA
Systemic Vasculitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vasculitis
Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
Microscopic Polyangiitis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lung Diseases, Interstitial
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis
Systemic Vasculitis
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Azathioprine
Belimumab
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents