Symptomatic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension After Mitral Valve Surgery
Most patients with mitral valve disease are symptomatic with shortness of breath and a limited activity level prior to mitral valve surgery. Despite surgical repair or replacement of the mitral valve, many patients remain symptomatic with an impaired ability to live an active lifestyle. Often after extensive evaluation, no other pulmonary, left ventricular dysfunction, or valvular heart disease is responsible for the continued symptoms, and some of these patients will be limited by persistent pulmonary hypertension (PH) at rest or with exertion that is responsible for limiting their activity level and impacting their quality of their life.
It is our goal in the proposed study to systematically characterize symptomatic and asymptomatic patients greater than six months after mitral valve surgery using clinical data, echocardiographic evaluation, laboratory assessment, and in some patients, invasive hemodynamic measurements. The investigators will screen asymptomatic and symptomatic patients with resting echocardiography and also with echocardiography during exercise, as many patients will exhibit exercise-induced PH following mitral valve surgery. Pulmonary artery (PA) pressure will be estimated from echocardiography using Doppler-derived calculations. If elevated PA pressures are observed with echocardiography, then symptomatic patients will undergo right heart catheterization for invasive pressure measurement, which is the gold-standard for the diagnosis of PH. When PH is present and there is a normal wedge pressure (PCWP) during invasive pressure measurement, further assessment to identify potential candidates for PH therapy will be performed. This involves having patients breathe inhaled nitric oxide, a rapid-acting, pulmonary vasodilator with a short half-life. While breathing inhaled nitric oxide, blood pressure, PA pressure, PCWP, and cardiac output will be monitored to characterize individuals who could benefit symptomatically from pharmacotherapy to treat underlying PH. It is important to note that only a small minority of patients exhibit a positive vasodilator response and those with PH and a normal PCWP without an initial vasodilator response would still be identified as candidates for chronic PH therapy.
The information generated from this proposed research will make a significant contribution to the understanding of PH in a group of patients in whom it has not been previously studied. Scientific reports on the evaluation of patients with PH after mitral valve surgery are almost nonexistent from the modern era. Furthermore, patients with PH due to mitral valve disease have been excluded from clinical trials of agents currently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat PH. Therefore, this work will carefully characterize PA pressures in an objective manner in a group of patients following mitral valve surgery who remain limited with respect to their activity levels. In addition, the investigators will gain a better understanding of the frequency with which patients have PH and a normal PCWP, which identifies a cohort of patients who could have an improvement in their symptoms and quality of life with chronic vasodilator treatment.
Mitral Valve Disease
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Symptomatic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension After Mitral Valve Surgery: Pilot, Screening Study|
- Prevalence of pulmonary hypertension [ Time Frame: greater than 6 months after mitral valve surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]study evaluation period will take several hours to complete the components of the study (clinical evaluation, echocardiogram, etc.) on approximately 2 occasions
|Study Start Date:||July 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No dyspnea with exertion greater than 6 months after mitral valve surgery [New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Class I]
Dyspnea with exertion greater than 6 months after mitral valve surgery [New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Class II, III, or IV]
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01646541
|United States, Illinois|
|Northwestern University Medical Center|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Duke University Medical Center|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710|
|Principal Investigator:||Andrew Wang, M.D.||Duke University|