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A Study of Odanacatib When Administered to Adolescents and Young Adults Treated With Glucocorticoids (MK-0822-066)

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01630616
First Posted: June 28, 2012
Last Update Posted: November 9, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  Purpose
This study will assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics of single doses of odanacatib in mature adolescents and young adults who are currently receiving glucocorticoid therapy. The primary hypotheses for the study are that a single dose of odanacatib is well tolerated in mature adolescents and following single dose administration of odanacatib 50 mg, there is no clinically important difference in AUC0-inf between mature adolescents and young adults.

Condition Intervention Phase
Osteoporosis Drug: Odanacatib Drug: Placebo Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single-Dose Study to Assess the Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, Safety, and Tolerability of Odanacatib in Adolescents and Young Adults Treated With Glucocorticoids

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Who Report an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 14 ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign including an abnormal laboratory finding, symptom or disease associated with the use of a medical treatment or procedure, regardless of whether it is considered related to the medical treatment or procedure, that occurs during the course of the study.

  • Area Under the Plasma-Drug Concentration Time Curve From Hour 0 to Infinity (AUC0-inf) For Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 50 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, 168, 240, and 336 hours post-dose ]
    Area Under the Plasma-Drug Concentration/Time Curve from Time 0 to infinity (AUC0-inf) is a measure of the total amount of drug in the plasma from the dose administration to the last measurable sample. The Method of Dispersion is more accurately described as "Percent Geometric Coefficient of Variation". Pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.

  • Area Under the Plasma-Drug Concentration Time Curve From Hour 0 to 168 Hours (AUC0-168) For Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 50 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, and 168 hours post-dose ]
    Area Under the Plasma-Drug Concentration/Time Curve from Time 0 to Hour 168 (AUC0-168) is a measure of the total amount of drug in the plasma from the dose administration to the Hour 168 sample. The Method of Dispersion is more accurately described as "Percent Geometric Coefficient of Variation". PK analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.

  • Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Odanacatib For Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 50 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, 168, 240, and 336 hours post-dose ]
    Cmax is a measure of the maximum amount of drug in the plasma after the drug dose is given. The Method of Dispersion is more accurately described as "Percent Geometric Coefficient of Variation". PK analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.

  • Time to Cmax (Tmax) of Odanacatib For Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 50 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, 168, 240, and 336 hours post-dose ]
    Tmax is the time required to reach Cmax. PK analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.

  • Apparent Terminal Half-life (t1/2) of Odanacatib For Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 50 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, 168, 240, and 336 hours post-dose ]
    T1/2 is the time required for a given drug concentration in the plasma to decrease by 50%. PK analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.

  • AUC0-inf for Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 10 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, 168, 240, and 336 hours post-dose ]
    Area Under the Plasma Concentration/Time Curve from Time 0 to infinity (AUC0-inf) is a measure of the total amount of drug in the plasma from the dose administration to the last measurable sample. The AUC0-inf data for 10 mg odanacatib in adolescents were compared with the historical young adult odanacatib 10 mg AUC0-inf data from study MK-0822-007. PK analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.

  • AUC0-168 for Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 10 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, and 168 hours post-dose ]
    Area Under the Plasma Concentration/Time Curve from Time 0 to Hour 168 (AUC0-168) is a measure of the total amount of drug in the plasma from the dose administration to the Hour 168 sample. The AUC0-168 data for 10 mg odanacatib in adolescents were compared with the historical young adult odanacatib 10 mg AUC0-168 data from study MK-0822-007. PK analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.

  • Cmax of Odanacatib For Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 10 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, 168, 240, and 336 hours post-dose ]
    Cmax is a measure of the maximum amount of drug in the plasma after the dose is given. The Cmax data for 10 mg odanacatib in adolescents were compared with the historical young adult odanacatib 10 mg Cmax data from study MK-0822-007. PK analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.

  • Tmax of Odanacatib For Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 10 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, 168, 240, and 336 hours post-dose ]
    Tmax is the time required to reach Cmax. The Tmax data for 10 mg odanacatib in adolescents were compared with the historical young adult odanacatib 10 mg Tmax data from study MK-0822-007. PK analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.

  • Apparent Terminal t1/2 of Odanacatib For Adolescents and Young Adults Following a Single Oral Dose of Odanacatib 10 mg [ Time Frame: Hour 0 (predose), and at 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 72, 96, 120, 168, 240, and 336 hours post-dose ]
    Apparent terminal t1/2 is the time required for a given drug concentration in the plasma to decrease by 50%. The apparent terminal t1/2 data for 10 mg odanacatib in adolescents were compared with the historical young adult odanacatib 10 mg apparent terminal t1/2 data from study MK-0822-007. PK analysis was not performed on participants receiving placebo.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Urinary Aminoterminal Crosslinked Telopeptide of Type 1 Collagen (uNTx/Cr) at 168 Hours Postdose [ Time Frame: Baseline (predose Day 1) and 168 hours postdose ]
    Urinary aminoterminal crosslinked telopeptide of Type I collagen (uNTx/Cr) is a biochemical marker of bone resorption. Odanacatib selectively and potently inhibits cathepsin K (CatK), the primary catalyst of bone resorption. Since CatK is the enzyme responsible for bone matrix degradation it is possible to use bone resorption biomarkers to quantify pharmacodynamic effects in short term clinical studies. CatK cleaves the N-telopeptide of collagen type I to form NTx and also cleaves the serum C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I (1-CTP - itself generated by the action of matrix metalloproteases) to generate CTx. Urine NTx measurements (in bone collagen equivalents [BCE]) have been normalized to creatinine clearance.


Enrollment: 19
Actual Study Start Date: March 12, 2013
Study Completion Date: July 14, 2016
Primary Completion Date: July 14, 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Adolescents Odanacatib 10 mg
Study drug (single oral dose of odanacatib 10 mg) was administered following at least an 8-hour fast to adolescents.
Drug: Odanacatib
single oral dose, tablets, 10 or 50 mg
Other Name: MK-0822
Experimental: Adolescents Odanacatib 50 mg
Study drug (single oral dose of odanacatib 50 mg) was administered following at least an 8-hour fast to adolescents.
Drug: Odanacatib
single oral dose, tablets, 10 or 50 mg
Other Name: MK-0822
Placebo Comparator: Adolescents Placebo
Study drug (single oral dose of placebo) was administered following at least an 8-hour fast to adolescents.
Drug: Placebo
single oral dose, tablets
Experimental: Young Adults Odanacatib 50 mg
Study drug (single oral dose of odanacatib 50 mg) was administered following at least an 8-hour fast to young adults.
Drug: Odanacatib
single oral dose, tablets, 10 or 50 mg
Other Name: MK-0822
Placebo Comparator: Young Adults Placebo
Study drug (single oral dose of placebo) was administered following at least an 8-hour fast to young adults.
Drug: Placebo
single oral dose, tablets

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female participants of reproductive potential (or other female subjects at the discretion of the investigator) must have negative serum pregnancy test and agree to use (and/or have their partner use) two (2) acceptable methods of birth control beginning at the prestudy visit throughout the study and until 2 weeks after the dose of study
  • Receiving glucocorticoid therapy at a dose anticipated to be stable over the course of the study period
  • X-ray evidence of closed epiphyses (growth plate) at the hand
  • Nonsmoker

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or unwilling to undergo pregnancy test
  • History of stroke, chronic seizures, or major neurological disorder
  • History of malignant neoplastic disease (cancer)
  • Breastfeeding
  • Primary growth disorder
  • Any disease affecting the stomach or proximal small intestine resulting in malabsorption
  • Received treatment which might have influenced bone turnover, including anabolic steroids, testosterone, calcitonin, calcitriol, alfacalcidol, excess vitamin A or excess vitamin D, or cyclosporine or initiation of use of birth control pills (estrogen-progestin combinations or progestin only, or depo provera) or other estrogen containing medications, or thyroid hormone unless on a stable dose for at least 1 month and has a normally functioning thyroid gland
  • Previous treatment with any marketed or experimental bisphosphonate within 12 months
  • History of, or evidence for, any clinically relevant metabolic bone disease (other than glucocorticoid-induced bone loss) including but not limited to primary hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, osteomalacia, and osteogenesis imperfecta within previous 3 years
  • History of hypothyroidism
  • Consumes excessive amounts of alcohol, defined as greater than 3 glasses of alcoholic beverages (1 glass is approximately equivalent to: beer [284 mL/10 ounces], wine [125 mL/4 ounces], or distilled spirits [25 mL/1 ounce]) per day
  • Consumes excessive amounts, defined as greater than 6 servings (1 serving is approximately equivalent to 120 mg of caffeine) of coffee, tea, cola, or other caffeinated beverages per day
  • Has had major surgery, donated or lost 1 unit of blood (approximately 500 mL), or participated in another investigational study within 4 weeks
  • History of significant multiple and/or severe allergies (including latex allergy), or has had an anaphylactic reaction or significant intolerability to prescription or non-prescription drugs or food
  • Regular user (including "recreational use") of any illicit drugs, or has a history of drug or alcohol abuse
  • Unable to swallow tablets
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01630616


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01630616     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0822-066
MK-0822-066 ( Other Identifier: Protocol Number )
First Submitted: June 26, 2012
First Posted: June 28, 2012
Results First Submitted: May 23, 2017
Results First Posted: November 9, 2017
Last Update Posted: November 9, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteoporosis
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs