Effectiveness of Carbon Filters to Reduce the Anesthetic Gas Concentration in an Anesthetized Patient
Malignant hyperthermia is a potentially fatal inherited disorder triggered by exposure to volatile anesthetic gases, most commonly recognized in children during anesthesia. Carbon filters have been used to scavenge various gases. A new carbon filter (Vapor Clean, Dynasthetics, LLC, Salt Lake City, Utah) with a 510(k) clearance specifically for scavenging anesthetic gases is being marketed, though the filter itself has never been studied in vivo. Bench studies conducted by the manufacturer of the product demonstrate it is extremely effective in reducing the volatile gas output from an anesthesia machine within 2 minutes. This pilot study will measure the effect on volatile gas concentration in non-malignant hyperthermia susceptible patients. Twelve (12) patients will undergo standard anesthetic induction using inhalational anesthetic (Sevoflurane®) and maintained on 3% for 30 minutes to attain steady state concentrations.1 At that time, a total intravenous anesthetic technique will be started and maintained throughout the case. Simultaneously a Vapor Clean filterset will be placed in the breathing circuit (inspiratory and expiratory limbs). Volatile gas concentration will be measured and recorded. This research will determine the feasibility of using this carbon filter to quickly reduce the breathing circuit gas concentration of volatile anesthetic in the clinical setting. This is fundamental in establishing this as a key life saving measure in eliminating the stimulus in a malignant hyperthermia event.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effectiveness of Carbon Filters to Reduce the Anesthetic Gas Concentration in an Anesthetized Patient|
- Time to reduce Concentration of Volatile Anesthetic to <5ppm [ Time Frame: every two minutes after filter applied until concentration is <5ppm or 30 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]At regular intervals (2 minutes) after application of the filters, the concentration of the volatile anesthetic will be measured. Primary outcome value will be the time to reduce breathing circuit volatile anesthetic concentration to <5ppm. If at 30 min the concentration is not <5ppm, then collection will be stopped.
|Study Start Date:||July 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Treatment (filter in circuit)
After baseline use of volatile anesthetic, this group will have carbon filter placed in-line.
Device: In-line Carbon filter (Vapor-Clean)
Carbon filter placed in anesthesia breathing circuit.
Other Name: Vapor-Clean Brand Carbon Filter (Dynasthetics, LLC)
No Intervention: No Intervention Control
After baseline use of volatile anesthetic, this group will NOT have carbon filter placed in-line.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01624558
|Principal Investigator:||Robert S Greenberg, MD||Johns Hopkins University|