Self-management of Chronic Mobility Limitations in MUHC Seniors
The population is aging and chronic conditions, which are major causes of pain and mobility limitations, are on the rise, however, current access to physiotherapy is difficult. Knowledge on managing disability is substantial, but methods to translate into action are lacking. This project is designed to test a novel method of promoting function in vulnerable seniors and simultaneously develop awareness in the new generation of physiotherapists that they can have a proactive role in health promotion. The investigators are proposing a pilot project targeting both students and patients.
The research question are (1) What are the needs of vulnerable patients at the MUHC? Two groups will be targeted; newly discharged seniors (who will be eligible for an intervention) and cancer outpatients who will be surveyed only);(2) For a senior population at risk for physical deterioration, to what extent is a personalized mentoring approach to optimizing function and preventing disability through developing self-management skills more effective in improving outcomes than the provision of written material covering the same general content? (3) Does a mentoring experience with vulnerable seniors through development and teaching of a self-management program (comprised of education and support) produce meaningful positive changes in future clinicians' knowledge, skills and attitude towards modes of delivering physiotherapy services and promoting self-management in Canadian seniors?
There are two phases to this study: a survey and randomized controlled trial (RCT). The survey phase will identify mobility needs of two groups, newly discharged seniors and cancer outpatients. The needs assessment for newly discharged seniors will identify people eligible for the (RCT) component; the needs assessment for cancer outpatients will inform the development of interventions for this specific group. The RCT component will be piloted for recently discharged community dwelling seniors 70 years and older only.
A sample of 400 seniors recently discharged from the adult, general, hospital sites of the MUHC will be contacted for a needs assessment. From this pool, the investigators anticipate 100 will be eligible and 60 will be randomized, 30 to the mentor intervention and 30 to the control group. Participants will be followed-up for 6 months and assessments will be performed at 2 time points (baseline and 6 months). The main outcome is a standardized response ratio (SRR) estimated across all persons and measures. SRRs will be calculated for three groups of response variables: impairment/mobility measures, quality of life indicators, and health services outcomes.
In parallel, to determine cancer survivor needs, the investigators will contact 600 cancer survivors; as the investigators anticipate 400 will answer the survey. The analysis of this survey will consist of frequency of specific needs by diagnosis and treatment.
|Seniors With Mobility Limitations||Other: Mobility self-management with Mentor Other: Mobility self-management with guidebook|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Promotion of Self-management of Chronic Mobility Limitations Among Vulnerable Seniors at the MUHC: Training the New Generation of Canadian Physiotherapists for This Role. Addendum: Planning Physiotherapy Services for Persons Treated at the MUHC for Cancer: A Needs Assessment|
- Brief Pain Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 2 time points (baseline and 6 months) ]
- DASH [ Time Frame: 2 time points (baseline and 6 months) ]
- LEFS [ Time Frame: 2 time points (baseline and 6 months) ]
- RAND-MOS36 [ Time Frame: 2 time points (baseline and 6 months) ]
- Short Self Efficacy scale [ Time Frame: 2 time points (baseline and 6 months) ]
- Health care utilization [ Time Frame: 2 time points (baseline and 6 months) ]
- Medication management [ Time Frame: 2 time points (baseline and 6 months) ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Other: Mobility self-management with Mentor
will be offered an evaluation and treatment plan supervised by a qualified physiotherapist, accompanied by written and visual material to enhance mobility self-management skills, supported by telephone mentoring by physiotherapy students in the Professional Master's program. The components of the mobility self-management program will target skill enhancement of each senior to identify their functional limitations, set realistic goals for mobility improvement, develop a mobility action plan, carry out the plan, and then re-assess their function and mobility. Mobility self-assessment, personalized goals, and the action plan will be incorporated into a personalized workbook that the senior can use to monitor their function profile and serve as a communication aid during health care encounters.
|Active Comparator: Guidebook||
Other: Mobility self-management with guidebook
will be mailed an exercise guide targeting the key mobility limitations common in the elderly (range of motion, arm, leg, and core strength, and breathing). This guide has been developed and has been pilot tested on a small number of seniors and has been shown to be acceptable and feasible.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01593345
|Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Montreal General Hospital|
|Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Royal Victoria Hospital|
|Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Principal Investigator:||Nancy E Mayo, PhD||McGill University|