Partnering With Autistic Adults to Improve Healthcare
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01579669|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 18, 2012
Results First Posted : December 7, 2015
Last Update Posted : December 7, 2015
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Autism Spectrum Disorder||Behavioral: Use of toolkit||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||237 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Health Services Research|
|Official Title:||Partnering With Autistic Adults to Develop Tools to Improve Primary Healthcare|
|Study Start Date :||September 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 2014|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 2014|
Experimental: Use of Toolkit
All participants will have access to the toolkit
Behavioral: Use of toolkit
Patient participants will be given access to the toolkit and will create a customized report for their provider. Team will send report to providers and ask them to schedule appointment with patient to discuss.
- Patient Satisfaction [ Time Frame: 1 month after use of toolkit ]Autistic participants completed an online survey about their satisfaction with the tool, including if they feel the tool is useful, how they think the tool will affect their healthcare, if and how they plan to use it with providers, and if they would recommend it to others.
- Provider Satisfaction [ Time Frame: 1-2 months after patient uses toolkit ]Providers participated in a brief survey to assess satisfaction with the toolkit. Items addressed overall satisfaction and if they would or would not use the tools with other patients.
- Patient Use of Toolkit Components [ Time Frame: 1 month after use of toolkit ]We collected data on whether or not participants completed the Autism Healthcare Accommodations Tool (AHAT) survey and whether or not they allowed the research team to send a copy of the report to their primary care provider.
- Change in Patient Satisfaction With Healthcare [ Time Frame: before and 1 month after use of toolkit ]Patients completed an 8-item instrument assessing satisfaction with their primary healthcare experiences. The scale was previously adapted from the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). In the pre-intervention survey autistic participants were asked to think about their last visit with their primary care provider. We did not assess patient-provider communication for those who were participating via a proxy as we did not feel that a proxy could adequately rate how satisfied the patient was with communication. Only autistic participants who said they had seen their PCP since using the healthcare toolkit were re-asked these items in the post-intervention survey. Responses used a 5-point Likert scale with anchors of "1 - Strongly Disagree" to "5 - Strongly Agree". We analyzed items by summing the responses into a composite score (range 8-40; higher scores indicate higher satisfaction). Cronbach's alpha = 0.92.
- Change in Patient's Perceived Barriers to Healthcare [ Time Frame: Before and 1 month after use of toolkit ]Autistic participants were presented with a list of 16 barriers to healthcare and asked which ones keep them from obtaining good care. We compared the total number of barriers endorsed by participants in the pre- and post-intervention surveys. The proxy version of the survey included a few modified items to differentiate between barriers faced by the autistic individuals and those faced by the supporter. Due to differences in the wording, we could not combine results from those who participated directly with those who participated by proxy. Only data from autistic adults who participated directly is shown.
- Change in Patient Healthcare Self-Efficacy [ Time Frame: Before and 1 month after use of toolkit ]Autistic participants completed a 21-item healthcare self-efficacy scale before and 1 month after use of the toolkit. The scale was created de novo for this study, based on our prior qualitative work. Items addressed aspects related to healthcare navigation (e.g. "How confident are you that you can make an appointment with your healthcare provider when needed?"), successful interactions with providers, (e.g. "How confident are you that you can describe your symptoms or healthcare concerns to your provider?"), and self-management (e.g. "How confident are you that you can take medications the way you are supposed to take them?"). Response options used a 4-point Likert scale with anchors of "0 - Not at all confident" to "3 - Totally confident". We scored self-efficacy by adding responses from the 21 items, resulting in a possible range of 0 to 63, with higher scores corresponding to higher self-efficacy. Cronbach's alpha was 0.92.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01579669
|United States, Oregon|
|Oregon Health and Science University|
|Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239|
|Principal Investigator:||Christina Nicolaidis, MD, MPH||Oregon Health and Science University|