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A Clinical Study of Allogeneic Human Dermal Fibroblasts for Remodeling Scar Contractures

This study has been terminated.
(Study Terminated due to lack of Funding)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01564407
First Posted: March 27, 2012
Last Update Posted: July 11, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
United States Department of Defense
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
J. Peter Rubin, MD, University of Pittsburgh
  Purpose

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the safety of ICX-RHY-013 in the treatment of stable, restrictive scars in subjects who have suffered a burn injury. Evaluation will be achieved through regular assessment of adverse events, vital signs, blood work monitoring and laboratory analysis cellular properties of the scar through biopsy.

The secondary objectives of this study are to evaluate improvement in symptoms of scars including reduced pain, discomfort and itching, improvement in mobility and daily function, improvement in appearance and scar texture.


Condition Intervention Phase
Restrictive Scar Contracture Restrictive Hypertrophic Scar Burn Scar Contractures Burn Scar Drug: ICX‐RHY‐013 Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Phase I/II Clinical Study of Allogeneic Human Dermal Fibroblasts for Remodeling Scar Contractures

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by J. Peter Rubin, MD, University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Days 0, 7, 14, 28, 56, 84 ]
    The evaluation of safety of ICX-RHY-013 in the treatment of stable, restrictive hypertrophic scars through assessment of adverse events. The primary objective of the safety (no injection) cohort is to evaluate initial safety of multiple doses through assessment of adverse events. The primary objective of remaining cohorts is to evaluate the ongoing safety of ICX-RHY-013 in post-burn hypertrophic scars that are not planned for excision through assessment of adverse events.

  • Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events Reported [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The evaluation of tolerability of ICX-RHY-013 in the treatment of stable, restrictive hypertrophic scars through regular assessment of adverse events.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Subjects Worse Hypertrophic Scars [ Time Frame: Endpoints assessed at Day 84. ]
    The secondary objectives of this study are to evaluate improvement in symptoms of hypertrophic scars.

  • Vancouver Scar Scale [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Vancouver scar scale will be evaluated for each cohort. The Vancouver scar scale is the most frequently cited assessment of scar severity used in clinical studies. Pigmentation, vascularity, pliability, and scar height are graded producing a composite score. A score of 0 represents normal skin with higher grades representing greater deformity with a maximum possible rating of 14.

  • Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    POSAS aims to measure scar quality, it is a comprehensive scale designed for the evaluation of all types of scars by professionals and patients. It contains two scales with six items, scored numerically from 0-10, where 0 is normal skin and 10 is the worst scar imaginable. the total scoring range is from 0-120.

  • Disability Index-Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The six subjects suffering from upper extremity and cervical scar contractures were evaluated with the Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire. The DASH questionnaire evaluates symptoms and functional status. A lowest score of 0 indicates normal skin and highest score of 100 represents the greatest possible morbidity.

  • Quality of Life Measurement - Satisfaction With Appearance Scale (SWAP) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    SWAP is a psychological test for personality diagnosis. there are 9 questions evaluated by a score of 7 (most descriptive to the patient) to 0 (not descriptive or irrelevant) for a total scoring range of 0-63.


Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: January 2011
Study Completion Date: February 2014
Primary Completion Date: February 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Safety Cohort

Stable restrictive scar contractures resulting from abdominal surgical incision, not transversing a joint. The minimum scar length of 7 cm and a maximum scar area size of 80cm². The scar is divided into five injection areas with a minimum of 0.5 cm uninjected areas between the 5 sites.Drug Dosing for Cohort 1:

  1. Empty control no injection
  2. Vehicle only (0.5 ml of HypoThermosol solution)
  3. 5 million cells / cm² , single administration at Day 0
  4. 5 million cells/ cm² , single administration at week 4
  5. 5 million cells/cm² , single administration at Day 0 , repeat administration of this dose @ week 4 Subjects in Cohort 1 will undergo elective surgeries, at which time the treated scars will be removed, at week 6-8 post-treatment of the first dosed subject.
Drug: ICX‐RHY‐013

Drug Dosing for Cohorts as follows:

Cohorts (N=4)

Safety Cohort 1:

  1. Empty control no injection
  2. Vehicle only (0.5 ml of HypoThermosol solution)
  3. 5 million cells / cm² , single administration at Day 0
  4. 5 million cells/ cm² , single administration at week 4
  5. 5 million cells/cm² , single administration at Day 0 , repeat administration of this dose @ week 4

At day 0, the subject will receive a total of 3 different injections and at week 4 the subject will receive a total of 2 different injections.

Cohort 2: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, single administration Cohort 3: 5 million cells /cm2, single administration Cohort 4: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks Cohort 5: 5million cells / cm2 repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks

Other Name: Allogeneic human dermal fibroblasts
Active Comparator: 2.5M cells/cm2
Participants receive intervention treatment of 2.5 million cells/ cm2, single administration injected into the scar.
Drug: ICX‐RHY‐013

Drug Dosing for Cohorts as follows:

Cohorts (N=4)

Safety Cohort 1:

  1. Empty control no injection
  2. Vehicle only (0.5 ml of HypoThermosol solution)
  3. 5 million cells / cm² , single administration at Day 0
  4. 5 million cells/ cm² , single administration at week 4
  5. 5 million cells/cm² , single administration at Day 0 , repeat administration of this dose @ week 4

At day 0, the subject will receive a total of 3 different injections and at week 4 the subject will receive a total of 2 different injections.

Cohort 2: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, single administration Cohort 3: 5 million cells /cm2, single administration Cohort 4: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks Cohort 5: 5million cells / cm2 repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks

Other Name: Allogeneic human dermal fibroblasts
Active Comparator: 5M cells/cm2
Participants receive intervention treatment of 5 million cells /cm2, single administration
Drug: ICX‐RHY‐013

Drug Dosing for Cohorts as follows:

Cohorts (N=4)

Safety Cohort 1:

  1. Empty control no injection
  2. Vehicle only (0.5 ml of HypoThermosol solution)
  3. 5 million cells / cm² , single administration at Day 0
  4. 5 million cells/ cm² , single administration at week 4
  5. 5 million cells/cm² , single administration at Day 0 , repeat administration of this dose @ week 4

At day 0, the subject will receive a total of 3 different injections and at week 4 the subject will receive a total of 2 different injections.

Cohort 2: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, single administration Cohort 3: 5 million cells /cm2, single administration Cohort 4: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks Cohort 5: 5million cells / cm2 repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks

Other Name: Allogeneic human dermal fibroblasts
Active Comparator: 2.5M cells/cm2 at 4 weeks
Participants receive intervention treatment of 2.5 million cells/ cm2, repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks
Drug: ICX‐RHY‐013

Drug Dosing for Cohorts as follows:

Cohorts (N=4)

Safety Cohort 1:

  1. Empty control no injection
  2. Vehicle only (0.5 ml of HypoThermosol solution)
  3. 5 million cells / cm² , single administration at Day 0
  4. 5 million cells/ cm² , single administration at week 4
  5. 5 million cells/cm² , single administration at Day 0 , repeat administration of this dose @ week 4

At day 0, the subject will receive a total of 3 different injections and at week 4 the subject will receive a total of 2 different injections.

Cohort 2: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, single administration Cohort 3: 5 million cells /cm2, single administration Cohort 4: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks Cohort 5: 5million cells / cm2 repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks

Other Name: Allogeneic human dermal fibroblasts
Active Comparator: 5M cells/cm2 at 4 weeks
Participants receive intervention treatment of 5 million cells / cm2 repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks
Drug: ICX‐RHY‐013

Drug Dosing for Cohorts as follows:

Cohorts (N=4)

Safety Cohort 1:

  1. Empty control no injection
  2. Vehicle only (0.5 ml of HypoThermosol solution)
  3. 5 million cells / cm² , single administration at Day 0
  4. 5 million cells/ cm² , single administration at week 4
  5. 5 million cells/cm² , single administration at Day 0 , repeat administration of this dose @ week 4

At day 0, the subject will receive a total of 3 different injections and at week 4 the subject will receive a total of 2 different injections.

Cohort 2: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, single administration Cohort 3: 5 million cells /cm2, single administration Cohort 4: 2.5 million cells/ cm2, repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks Cohort 5: 5million cells / cm2 repeat dose administration @ 4 weeks

Other Name: Allogeneic human dermal fibroblasts

Detailed Description:

Restrictive scar contracture (a condition where tissue thickens and tightens, pulling the surrounding healthy skin toward the damaged area) due to a serious burn injury can result in long term aesthetic and physical consequences.

Skin contractures adjacent to a joint lead to joint deformities that severely restrict range of motion (ROM) of the affected joint. Skin contractures are also often accompanied by crippling levels of chronic pain resulting in a high level of dependency on pain medications. These isolated or combined factors can lead to a significant disruption in both social and professional life, leading to a marked impact on an individual's quality of life.

The current standard of care for restrictive scar contracture involves the surgical excision of the contracture itself and/ or skin grafting. These standard therapies require extensive and often repeated surgeries. Physicians are continually seeking less invasive therapies to treat patients with burn contractures.

ICX‐RHY‐013 is an investigational medicinal product comprised of viable allogeneic human dermal fibroblast (HDFs) cells suspended in HypoThermosol®-FRS. HDFs are isolated from neonatal foreskin, cryopreserved, thawed and expanded in culture under good manufacturing practice at Intercytex Ltd., United Kingdom. The drug formulation will be 20 million cells per 1 milliliter of HypoThermosol® and will be administered to subjects via intradermal injections at a maximum dose of 0.25 ml (or 5 million cells) per cm² of tissue.

If determined to be safe and effective, it is believed this therapy could, in the future, be delivered in a series of superficial injections and can be carried out in a doctor's office. This treatment could represent a new less invasive therapy of choice for patients with burn contractures, where current recourse would be to surgery. This advance could have significant positive benefits to the patient in terms of:

  • no side-effects of surgery
  • treatment given in an outpatient environment without the need for expensive hospitalization
  • enhanced quality of life
  • lower costs

Cohort 1 will consist of 4 participants who are scheduled to have elective body contouring surgery which will consist of the removal of an abdominal incision scar. The investigational drug will be injected into the existing surgical incision (scar) with the investigational drug, ICX-RHY-013. The purpose of this cohort is to evaluate the initial safety of the investigational drug (ICX-RHY-013) in a series of doses on your surgical scar that will then be surgically removed.

Cohorts 2 through 5 will consist of 4 participants each who have burn scars with restrictive scar contractures. The purpose of these cohorts is to evaluate the ongoing safety of the investigational drug (ICX-RHY-013) in post burn scars with restrictive scar contractures. The investigational drug will be injected directly into these scar contractures. Each cohort is unique in that the dose and frequency of the investigational drug received will be different. We will evaluate the safety of the drug between each cohort by assessing all side effects that the participants may experience.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects who are male or female, military or civilian, age 18 to 65 years of age and able to provide informed consent
  2. Subjects who have suffered an injury which has occurred no less than 6 weeks prior to their screening date which has resulted in a stable restrictive scar contracture

    1. Stable restrictive scar contracture that has resulted from abdominal surgical incision and does not transverse a joint (Cohort 1 only).
    2. Stable restrictive scar contracture has resulted from a burn injury and may transverse a joint (Cohorts 2-5 only)
  3. Subjects will have a minimum scar length of 7 cm and a maximum scar area size of 80cm² (Cohort 1 only)
  4. Subjects will have a minimum scar area size of 1cm² and a maximum scar area size of 80cm² (Cohort 2-5 only).
  5. Subjects who are, in the opinion of the Investigator, able to understand the study, comply with the study design and are willing to return to the clinic for all the research required follow-up visits

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects with previous use of cellular therapy (e.g. Isolagen) in the treatment area
  2. Subjects with a known history of keloids
  3. Subjects with a known history of bleeding disorders
  4. Subjects who have facial restrictive scar deficits, not to exclude the neck area.
  5. Subjects who have had contracture-release procedures in the treatment area within the previous six months
  6. Subjects with a known allergy to any of the constituents of HypoThermosol-FRS
  7. Subjects taking immunosuppressive therapy including systemic steroids will be excluded if they have received any dose >7.5 mg of prednisone equivalent/day for more than one week within 90 days of the first treatment or planning immunosuppressive therapy at any time during the study (Intranasal/inhaled steroids are acceptable)
  8. Diagnosis of cancer within last 12 months and /or actively receiving chemotherapy or radiation treatment
  9. Subjects with a life expectancy of <9 months, terminal conditions or factors making follow-up difficult (e.g. no fixed address, telephone etc)
  10. Subjects with a history of hypersensitivity to additional study-associated drugs/therapies (e.g. isopropyl alcohol, EMLA cream, adrenaline, lidocaine, etc)
  11. Subjects with planned major surgical intervention during the course of the study.
  12. Subjects with known idiopathic or drug-associated coagulopathy
  13. Subjects taking medicinal products known to reduce hemostasis (e.g. heparin, Coumadin, etc.) in the 2 weeks prior to commencing treatment or planning to take medicinal products known to reduce hemostasis during the 12 week study period
  14. Subjects who have taken any other investigational product within 30 days prior to screening or planned use of any other investigational product during the study period.
  15. Subjects who are pregnant, lactating, planning pregnancy and women of child-bearing potential who are not abstinent or practicing an acceptable means of contraception, as determined by the Investigator, for the duration of the treatment phase
  16. Subjects with abnormal blood biochemistry or any other abnormal laboratory finding considered clinically significant in that it would deem the subject inappropriate for surgical procedures, as determined by the investigator (i.e. CBC with Differential, platelets, comprehensive metabolic panel to include electrolytes, bun/creatinine, liver function test and coagulation tests).
  17. Subjects who have, as determined by the investigator a history or clinical manifestations of significant renal, hepatic, cardiovascular, metabolic, neurologic, psychiatric, or other condition that would preclude participation in the study (i.e. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetic patients) or any condition within the last 14 days requiring hospitalization or surgical intervention.
  18. Subjects with evidence of any past or present clinically significant medical condition that would impair wound healing
  19. Subjects with a known hypersensitivity to gentamycin, amphotericin B, Bovine serum or porcine products.
  20. Subjects with known alcohol or narcotic drug dependency
  21. Subjects with diagnosed autoimmune disorders known to affect wound healing, such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE), psoriasis, infection and inflammation (seborrheic dermatitis).
  22. Subjects receiving an immunosuppressive medication regime including transplant anti-rejection agents.
  23. Subjects with an Axis II to diagnosis DSM-IV (e.g., Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder). Subjects who are found to be stable on medication and receive psychiatric clearance could be eligible for study participation per the Physician's discretion
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01564407


Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
United States Department of Defense
Investigators
Principal Investigator: J. Peter Rubin, MD University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

Responsible Party: J. Peter Rubin, MD, Prinicipal Investigator, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01564407     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO10110342
First Submitted: December 20, 2011
First Posted: March 27, 2012
Results First Submitted: February 18, 2016
Results First Posted: May 12, 2017
Last Update Posted: July 11, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by J. Peter Rubin, MD, University of Pittsburgh:
ICX‐RHY‐013
Restrictive scar contracture
Restrictive hypertrophic scar
Burn Scar
Burn Scar contractures
Scar

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Burns
Cicatrix
Hypertrophy
Contracture
Cicatrix, Hypertrophic
Wounds and Injuries
Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Muscular Diseases