Effect of Saxagliptin Treatment on Myocardial Fat Content, and Monocyte Inflammation
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01548651|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (difficulty with enrollment of subjects)
First Posted : March 8, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Impaired Glucose Tolerance||Drug: Saxagliptin Drug: Placebo||Phase 4|
Obese, insulin resistant individuals have an excess of fat in the liver which is not attributable to alcohol or other known causes of liver disease, a condition defined as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The fatty liver is insulin resistant. Individuals with a fatty liver are more likely to have excess intra-abdominal fat as well as a reduction in circulating plasma adiponectin levels. A new class of antidiabetes medications known as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors (sitagliptin, saxagliptin) which enhance the circulating half life of Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an incretin hormone that enhances insulin secretion/ lowers glucose levels, have been approved to treat type 2 diabetes. More recently, it has been shown that these dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors can also decrease liver fat and inflammation in animal models of obesity by increasing circulating levels of GLP-1. It has been shown that GLP-1 enhances liver fat oxidation, reduces liver fat synthesis, and increases adiponectin levels in animal models in vivo.
Recent reports suggest that NAFLD is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease independent of associated cardiovascular risk factors. Furthermore type 2 diabetics and subjects with impaired glucose tolerance are characterized by an increase in both hepatic and myocardial fat and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, particularly diastolic dysfunction. Myocardial steatosis is an independent predictor of diastolic dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus as well as impaired glucose tolerance. However, the effect of saxagliptin therapy on liver and myocardial fat content, as well as LV systolic and diastolic function in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or type 2 diabetes has not been previously studied. Recently, it has been demonstrated that myocardial triglyceride content is increased in type 2 diabetic patients and is associated with impaired left ventricular diastolic function, independently of age, body mass index (BMI), heart rate, visceral fat, and diastolic blood pressure. More recently, it has been shown that that obese normal glucose tolerant subjects, obese subjects with IGT, and type 2 diabetic subjects have increased myocardial fat compared to lean subjects. Thus, both IGT and type 2 diabetic subjects have increased myocardial steatosis and defects in LV function. GLP-1 has been shown to improve myocardial function and cardiac output in conscious chronically instrumented canine models of cardiac injury or heart failure. GLP-1 increased cardiac output and reduced left ventricular end diastolic pressure in association with reduced systemic vascular resistance, and it improved myocardial insulin sensitivity and myocardial glucose uptake in dogs with rapid pacing-induced dilated cardiomyopathy. However, no previous study has examined the effect of saxagliptin on myocardial fat or LV function in IGT or type 2 diabetic patients. Finally, the effect of saxagliptin on vascular inflammation and monocyte Nuclear Factor-KappaB (NFkappaB) remains to be studied. Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)/ Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) have insulin resistance as a well established defect. Furthermore, as stated previously, both myocardial and hepatic steatosis as well as defects in LV function are well characterized in obese, insulin resistant patients with IGT. However, the effect of DPP IV inhibitors on hepatic and myocardial steatosis and monocyte inflammation in insulin resistant patients with IGT have not been previously studied.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||14 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Effect of Saxagliptin Treatment on Myocardial Fat Content, Left Ventricular Function, and Monocyte Inflammation in Patients With Impaired Glucose Tolerance|
|Study Start Date :||February 2012|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 25, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 25, 2017|
|Placebo Comparator: Placebo||
Subjects will be randomized to receive either Saxagliptin 5mg daily orally or placebo for 6 months. Prior to randomization, all subjects will receive baseline measurements of fasting plasma glucose, free fatty acids, plasma adipocytokines, plasma levels of inflammatory markers and CRP, ICAM, VCAM, plasma lipids, and glucose tolerance (75 gram oral glucose tolerance test) as well as measurement of liver and myocardial fat content and left ventricular systolic and diastolic function with magnetic resonance imaging/spectroscopy. All subjects will also undergo measurements of monocyte inflammatory proteins at baseline. All subjects will undergo repeat measurements of fasting plasma glucose, Free Fatty Acids, inflammatory markers and adipocytokines, oral glucose tolerance test, monocyte inflammation, as well as hepatic/myocardial fat content determination and left ventricular function at the end of the 6 month treatment period.
Saxagliptin 5 mg orally daily for 6 months
Subjects will be randomized to receive either Saxagliptin 5mg daily orally or placebo for 6 months. All subjects will receive baseline measurements of fasting plasma glucose, free fatty acids, plasma adipocytokines, plasma levels of inflammatory markers and C Reactive Protein (CRP), Intracellular Adhesion Molecule (ICAM), vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM), plasma lipids, and glucose tolerance (75 gram oral glucose tolerance test) as well as measurement of liver and myocardial fat content and left ventricular systolic and diastolic function with magnetic resonance imaging/spectroscopy. All subjects will also undergo measurements of monocyte inflammatory proteins at baseline. All subjects will undergo repeat measurements of fasting plasma glucose, Free Fatty Acids, inflammatory markers and adipocytokines, oral glucose tolerance test, monocyte inflammation, as well as hepatic/myocardial fat content determination and left ventricular function at the end of the 6 months.
Other Name: Onglyza
- Myocardial and Hepatic fat content (percentage) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]The percentage change in hepatic fat (%) and myocardial fat (%) from baseline as measured by magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy (MRS).
- left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)(%). [ Time Frame: 6 months ]The change in Left ventricular function measured as the percentage change in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)(%) from baseline as measured by by magnetic resonance imaging.
- monocyte inflammatory protein NFkappaB(%) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]The percentage change in monocyte inflammatory proteins NFkappaB (%) from baseline.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01548651
|United States, Texas|
|Baylor College of Medicine|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Mandeep Bajaj, MD||Baylor College of Medicine|