Comment Period Extended to 3/23/2015 for Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM): Bed Rest Versus Activity Trial (BRAT)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mount Sinai School of Medicine Identifier:
First received: February 23, 2012
Last updated: February 26, 2014
Last verified: February 2014

The objective of this study is to determine, through a randomized clinical trial, whether bed rest is helpful for the management of pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM).

Condition Intervention
Pre-term Premature Rupture of Membranes
Other: Bed Rest
Other: Activity

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: PPROM: Bed Rest Versus Activity Trial (BRAT)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Mount Sinai School of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • AFI [ Time Frame: From admission to delivery, average 6-7 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    primary outcome is the amniotic fluid index (AFI) - a 4 quadrant measurement of the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus.

Enrollment: 36
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: January 2013
Primary Completion Date: January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Bed Rest
Subjects will have limited activity. Bed Rest
Other: Bed Rest
  • Subjects are admitted to their labor and delivery room and will spend the majority of their day in their hospital bed, usually in a reclined or sleeping position
  • Subjects will be instructed to refrain from walking or engaging in any extraneous activity, including lifting or spending any extended period of time out of bed
  • Subjects may have limited bathroom privileges
Other: Activity
  • Subjects are admitted to their labor and delivery room and will spend the majority of their time in their hospital bed
  • Subjects will be given the opportunity of 3 periods of walking around their room and/or the hall on labor and delivery each day, each period consisting of approximately 20 minutes - this is the minimum activity level required for the study. Subjects are permitted more activity as desired.

Detailed Description:

Bed rest at home or in the hospital has been widely advised for many complications of pregnancy, including preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) - a problem in which the water breaks prematurely and is not accompanied by labor. For most patients, bed rest represents a significant change in lifestyle, including having to stop work, and/or not being able to do household duties or take care of their children. In pregnancies, complicated by PPROM, patients are usually hospitalized and placed on bed rest throughout the stay.

Despite its widespread use, there are no good published studies evaluating the effect of bed rest on common complications of pregnancy. There are, on the other hand, several other studies that indicate that bed rest may actually be harmful. Bed rest has been shown to increase a patient's risk for developing blood clots in their legs or in their lungs. Bed rest may also have myriad other deleterious effects such as muscle and bone atrophy. Furthermore, bed rest has been shown to be emotionally distressing both to the patient and her family.

Once the amniotic membranes are broken, amniotic fluid will generally continue to leak for the remainder of the pregnancy, and a fetus in otherwise good health will continue to make more amniotic fluid by urination. In patients hospitalized with PPROM, an objective assessment that can be obtained is an ultrasound amniotic fluid index (AFI), which measures how much amniotic fluid remains despite the water having broken. It is thought that a greater amount of amniotic fluid may be indicative of a longer duration/continuation of pregnancy and fewer adverse interim effects such as cord compression. Remaining on bed rest was thought to perhaps affect the AFI in a positive way. It is unclear whether retaining the ability to ambulate would affect the AFI, because amniotic fluid continues to leak even while on bed rest; the benefits of ambulation may be well worthwhile. Twice weekly ultrasound amniotic fluid measurement will be checked to assess the effects of ambulation verses bed rest in pregnancies complicated by PPROM, and secondarily look at the overall outcome of the pregnancy.

The objective of this study is to determine, through a randomized clinical trial, whether bed rest is helpful for the management of pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Inclusion Criteria
  • Pregnant women
  • Clinical diagnosis of PPROM (made by sterile speculum examination)
  • Singleton pregnancy
  • Vertex or frank breech presentation
  • 18-55 years old
  • Gestational age < 34 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Multiple gestations
  • Gestational age > 34 weeks
  • Current treatment with MgSO4 for preterm labor
  • Footling breech presentation
  • Any maternal or fetal indication for immediate delivery
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01544387

United States, New York
Elmhurst Hospital Center
Elmhurst, New York, United States, 11373
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Joanne Stone, MD Mount Sinai School of Medicine
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Mount Sinai School of Medicine Identifier: NCT01544387     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GCO 10-0352
Study First Received: February 23, 2012
Last Updated: February 26, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Mount Sinai School of Medicine:
Preterm Premature Rupture Of Membranes
Bed rest.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture
Obstetric Labor Complications
Pregnancy Complications processed this record on March 03, 2015