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Heat Versus Ice in the Acute Management of Neck and Back Strain Injuries

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Adam Singer, Stony Brook University Identifier:
First received: November 5, 2010
Last updated: February 16, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
Muscle sprains of the back and neck are very common. In addition to pain and antiinflammatory medications the use of either cold or hot packs has been recommended. In the current study we will compare ice packs and heat packs to see which is more effective at relieving pain from back and neck sprains while in the Emergency Department.

Condition Intervention
Back Strain
Neck Strain
Other: Heat
Other: Cold

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Heat Versus Ice in the Acute Management of Neck and Back Strain Injuries

Further study details as provided by Stony Brook University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pain Score After Treatment [ Time Frame: 30 minutes ]
    Pain measured with validated 100 mm VAS with 0 representing no pain and 100 representing most severe pain imaginable

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Request for Rescue Analgesia [ Time Frame: 30 minutes ]
    Number of participants requesting a rescue analgesic be given

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: March 2008
Study Completion Date: March 2009
Primary Completion Date: March 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Heat
Application of Heat pad to site of muscle sprain.
Other: Heat
Application of heat pack to the back or neck sprain.
Other Name: warm pack
Active Comparator: Cold
Application of ice pack to muscle sprain.
Other: Cold
Application of ice pack to the back or neck sprain.

Detailed Description:
as above

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult Patients with acute neck or back pain who are able to consent and are in pain on arrival to Emergency Department.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Those unable or unwilling to consent, those with suspected fractures or neurologic deficits.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01535365

United States, New York
Stony Brook University Medical Center
Stony Brook, New York, United States, 11794
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stony Brook University
Principal Investigator: ADAM SINGER, MD Stony Brook University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Adam Singer, md, Stony Brook University Identifier: NCT01535365     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20076955
Study First Received: November 5, 2010
Results First Received: November 5, 2010
Last Updated: February 16, 2012

Keywords provided by Stony Brook University:
muscular sprain
acute back pain
acute neck pain
heat treatment
cold treatment

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sprains and Strains
Wounds and Injuries processed this record on May 25, 2017