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Retinal Imaging in CNTF -Releasing Encapsulated Cell Implant Treated Patients for Early-stage Retinitis Pigmentosa

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01530659
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 10, 2012
Results First Posted : February 14, 2023
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2023
University of California, San Francisco
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Neurotech Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
This clinical trial is a single-site, 30 patient study for participants who have early stage retinitis pigmentosa, or Usher syndrome (type 2 or 3). Funding Source - FDA OOPD and Foundation Fighting Blindness.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Retinitis Pigmentosa Usher Syndrome Type 2 Usher Syndrome Type 3 Drug: NT-501 Procedure: Sham Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This clinical trial is a prospective, randomized, double-masked, sham-controlled trial of 30 study participants who have early-stage retinitis pigmentosa, or Usher syndrome (type 2 or 3). The trial will be conducted at the University of California, San Francisco. Individuals with these diseases experience gradually worsening vision that ultimately may lead to blindness due to a genetic condition in which specialized cells in the eye's retina called photoreceptor cells cease functioning and/or die. The study is intended to use a relatively new, non-invasive technology called AOSLO (adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy) in combination with a routine standard of care measurement called sdOCT (Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography) to demonstrate that when a device that secretes an investigational drug called CNTF (Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor) is surgically placed in the patient's eye, one type of photoreceptor called "cone photoreceptors" is preserved such that the gradual loss of vision is halted.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Participants are considered in screening upon signing of the consent. Enrollment does not occur until participant is deemed eligible, as per screening, and randomized for implant. As such, there were 22 total participants enrolled in the study. There was a participant who died prior to screening procedures being conducted of which was captured in the AE section as the death occurred after consent to enter screening period. However, this participant was not enrolled as they had not completed screening or randomization for implant.
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Photoreceptor Structure in A Phase 2 Study of Encapsulated Human NTC-201 Cell Implants Releasing Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor (CNTF) for Participants With Retinitis Pigmentosa Using Rates of Change in Cone Spacing and Density
Study Start Date : January 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : July 1, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: NT-501
Encapsulated cell therapy that delivers ciliary neurotrophic factor to the retina
Drug: NT-501
Study participants will undergo surgery to have an NT-501 Encapsulated Cell Therapy implant placed into the study eye.
Other Name: CNTF, Encapsulated Cell Therapy, ECT

Sham Comparator: Sham
Sham surgery
Procedure: Sham
Non-penetrating sham procedure to mimic implant procedure in the other eye.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Change in Cone Spacing in Arcminutes (Z Score) of 2 Baseline Values Were Compared With Measurements Obtained at Post-op Month 36 [ Time Frame: Post-op Month 36 ]

    Average of cone spacing (nearest neighbor distance) at all regions of interest with at least 50 contiguous unambiguous cones identified over the central 5.7 degrees of the macula using confocal AOSLO at two baseline visits within each eye. Cone spacing measures were converted to Z scores based on normal mean values at similar distances from the fovea from a database of 27 age-similar normal eyes. The mean of 2 baseline cone spacing Z-score values were subtracted from the cone spacing Z score values obtained at post-op month 36

    A Z-score of 0 represents the mean cone spacing value at the distance from the fovea measured from 27 healthy subjects.

    A Z-score greater than +2 represents an abnormally increased cone spacing value at the distance from the fovea where the measurement was performed. This suggests fewer cones are present than normal at that location.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference in logMAR Visual Acuity Change Between CNTF- and Sham Treated Eyes [ Time Frame: Post-op Month 36 ]

    Difference in change in logMAR visual acuity between NT-501 and contralateral sham-treated eyes.

    Change in visual acuity was measured based on the number of letters read on a vision chart using a standard protocol. The log of the mean angle of resolution (logMAR) was used to describe the size of the smallest letters that the patient could read. A logMAR value of 0.00 corresponds to visual acuity of 20/20, a logMAR value of 0.3 corresponds to visual acuity of 20/40, a logMAR value of 0.7 corresponds to visual acuity of 20/100, and a logMAR value of 1.00 corresponds to visual acuity of 20/200.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participant must be between 18 and 55 years of age.
  2. Participant must have a diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa or Usher Syndrome type 2 or 3 (without profound deafness or cochlear implants).
  3. Participant must understand and sign the protocol informed consent. If the participant's vision is impaired to the point where he/she cannot read the informed consent document, the document will be read to the participant in its entirety.
  4. Best-corrected visual acuity must be no worse than 20/63 (at least 59 letters).
  5. Participants must have clear natural lenses.
  6. Participants must have less than 6 diopters myopia.
  7. Participants must be medically able to undergo ophthalmic surgery for the NT-501 device insertion and able to undergo all assessments and tests associated with the protocol.
  8. Females of childbearing potential (women with last menses <1 year prior to screening) must agree to use an effective form of birth control from study onset until they complete the study.
  9. Participants must have reproducible baseline AOSLO image at 2 baseline imaging sessions with quality suitable to identify a minimum of 7 regions of interest (ROIs) at which reliable cone spacing and/or density measures can be made over the central 5.7 degrees.
  10. Participants must have interocular symmetry of disease severity as measured by cone spacing, with a difference of less than 2 standard deviations in average cone spacing z-scores at the selected ROIs between the 2 eyes.
  11. Participant's clinical diagnosis must be consistent with retinal degeneration in the set of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) dystrophies.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participant is medically unable to comply with study procedures or follow-up visits.
  2. Participant who has any of the following lens opacities: cortical opacity > standard 3, posterior subcapsular opacity > standard 3, or a nuclear opacity > standard 3 as measured on the AREDS clinical lens grading system; or participant is pseudophakic or aphakic.
  3. Participant has history of corneal opacification or lack of optical clarity.
  4. Participant has undergone LASIK surgery or other refractive surgery for either eye.
  5. Participant has nystagmus.
  6. Participant has greater than 6 diopters myopia.
  7. Participant has cystoid macular edema with cysts present within 4 degrees of the foveal center that prevent acquisition of at least 7 regions of interest with clear images of cone photoreceptors.
  8. Participant has fewer than 7 regions of interest (ROIs) present on 2 baseline AOSLO image montages.
  9. Participant has retinal vascular disease such as diabetic retinopathy or prior retinal vascular occlusive disease.
  10. Participant has chronic requirement (e.g., ≥4 weeks at a time) for ocular medications or has disease(s) that in the judgment of the examining physician are vision threatening, toxic to the lens, retina, or optic nerve or may affect the primary outcome.
  11. Participant has a requirement of acyclovir and/or related products during study duration. To be eligible for this study, the participant must discontinue use of these products prior to enrollment and must not continue with the products until after they have completed the study.
  12. Participant is receiving systemic steroids or other immunosuppressive medications.
  13. Participant is currently participating in or has participated in any other clinical trial of a drug by ocular or systemic administration within the last 6 months.
  14. Participant has previous exposure to an intra-ocular device or implant into the eye (excluding intra-ocular lens).
  15. Participant has uveitis or other retinal inflammatory disease.
  16. Participant has a history of myocardial infarction within the last 12 months.
  17. Participant is pregnant or lactating.
  18. Participant is considered immunodeficient or has a known history of HIV. A laboratory test for HIV will be performed, and a positive result is also an exclusion criterion.
  19. Participant with a history of ocular herpes zoster.
  20. Participant is on chemotherapy.
  21. Participant has a history of malignancy, except study participant with cancer treated successfully ≥5 years prior to inclusion in the trial.
  22. Participant with severe hearing disabilities in both ears.
  23. Participant who has been diagnosed and treated for amblyopia as an infant.
  24. Participant who, in the opinion of the study doctor, will not be a good study subject.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01530659

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United States, California
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
Sponsors and Collaborators
Neurotech Pharmaceuticals
University of California, San Francisco
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Principal Investigator: Jacque Duncan, MD University of California, San Francisco
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Neurotech Pharmaceuticals:
Study Protocol  [PDF] October 27, 2015
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 20, 2022

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Responsible Party: Neurotech Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01530659    
Other Study ID Numbers: AOSLO-CNTF-FFB-01
FD-R-004100-01A1 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: FDA OOPD )
First Posted: February 10, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 14, 2023
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2023
Last Verified: February 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Neurotech Pharmaceuticals:
Retinitis pigmentosa
Usher syndrome type 2
Usher syndrome type 3
Cone photoreceptor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Usher Syndromes
Retinitis Pigmentosa
Pathologic Processes
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Eye Diseases, Hereditary
Retinal Dystrophies
Retinal Degeneration
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Deaf-Blind Disorders
Hearing Loss
Hearing Disorders
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural
Sensation Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Vision Disorders
Abnormalities, Multiple
Congenital Abnormalities