PET/CT Imaging of Malignant Brain Tumors With a Novel Radioiodinated Phospholipid Ether Analogue 124I-NM404

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified December 2014 by University of Wisconsin, Madison
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier:
First received: January 10, 2012
Last updated: December 3, 2014
Last verified: December 2014

The purpose of this study is to evaluate diagnostic imaging techniques using 124I-NM404 PET/CT in humans with brain metastases and GBMs. This goal will be accomplished by determining the optimal PET/CT protocol and comparing PET tumor uptake to MRI and calculating tumor dosimetry. A future aim of this study will be to compare non-invasive PET/CT and MRI findings with pathological specimens, which is the gold standard but is invasive and impractical in many cases, to determine the sensitivity and specificity of both techniques for accurately detecting tumor infiltration. The data obtained from this study will be used to develop larger diagnostic and therapeutic trials in brain tumors. The long-term goals of this research are to improve the diagnosis and treatment of malignant brain tumors by using radioiodinated NM404.

Condition Intervention Phase
Brain Metastases
Drug: NM404
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • tumor to background ratios [ Time Frame: 48hrs ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    patients will be imaged at 3 different times out to 48 hrs post injection. Images will be evaluated based on tumor/background, dimensions/volumes and a qualitative score

Estimated Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: January 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: I124-NM404 brain metastases or GBM imaging
determining appropriate imaging timepoints. Image at 6 hour, 24 hour and 48 hour post injection of I-124NM404
Drug: NM404
injection of either 2.0mCi or 5.0mCi I-124 NM404
Other Name: PET imaging with I-124 NM404


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants will have a contrast enhanced brain MRI which documents evidence of GBM or metastatic brain tumor
  2. Tumor size at least 1.5 cm in greatest axial dimension on MRI. MRI must be obtained within 2 months of study inclusion
  3. Female patients must not be pregnant or breast feeding and both women of childbearing potential, and men, must use appropriate means of contraception and must be maintained for at least 45 days after injection of I-124 NM404. Participants must not attempt to become pregnant during this time
  4. Platelet count must be ≥ 160,000/µl, Hematocrit must be ≥ 22%, Leukocyte count must be ≥ 3,000/µL, Creatinine must be ≤ 2.5 mg/dL, ALT must be ≤ 130 U/L, AST must be ≤ 100 U/L, and urine or serum pregnancy test must be negative for pregnancy
  5. Karnofsky score ≥ 60
  6. For brain metastases patients: targeted brain therapy (radiation or drug) must have concluded ≥2 months prior to injection of 124I-NM404
  7. For GBM tumors confirmed by surgical biopsy or suspected by MRI: no previous surgical resection (except for biopsy) or systemic or radiation therapy targeted to the GBM tumor -

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Life expectancy of < 3 months
  2. Allergy to potassium iodide (SSKI or Thyroshield)
  3. Planned surgical resection or biopsy after injection of 124I-NM404 and prior to completion of the 3rd PET/CT scan
  4. Unwilling or unable to complete 3 separate PET/CT imaging sessions of 90 minutes each over 3 days -
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01516905

Contact: Diana D Trask, BS 608-263-9528

United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics Recruiting
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Contact: Diana D Trask, BS    608-263-9528   
Principal Investigator: Lance Hall, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Principal Investigator: Lance Hall, MD University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier: NCT01516905     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RO11310, 1R01CA158800-01
Study First Received: January 10, 2012
Last Updated: December 3, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration processed this record on March 26, 2015