Risk Profile for Patients With Atrial Fibrillation
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01510210
Active, not recruiting
: January 16, 2012
Last Update Posted
: May 11, 2016
I.C. Van Gelder
Netherlands Heart Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
I.C. Van Gelder, University Medical Center Groningen
The objective of this study is to assess the risk profile in patients with atrial fibrillation, which represents the degree of changes in the atrial tissue and which can help predict in which patients rhythm control will be successful. This risk profile will consist of a combination of underlying (heart) disease and risk factors, measurements obtained from echocardiograms, and circulating biomarkers. Ultimately this risk profile can be used to guide type of rhythm control therapy in individual patients with atrial fibrillation.
Condition or disease
Atrial fibrillation is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality.Identification of patients with atrial fibrillation that is difficult to treat may improve the outcome of rhythm control therapy. Left atrial size could be a useful tool to select patients that will benefit from rhythm control therapy.Beside echocardiographic parameters,atrial fibrillation has been also associated with circulating biomarkers in blood like collagen metabolism, inflammatory mediators,neurohumoral factors and proteins/proteomic profiles. Beside more accepted risk factors (myocardial ischemia, diabetes and pulmonary disease)other less well-known clinical factors (sleep apnea, alcohol or other intoxication abuse, excessive physical activity, esophageal problems and increased body mass index) may also predict the outcome of rhythm control.It likes also plausible that recurrent atrial fibrillation within one month after start of rhythm control are associated with a different risk profile than late atrial fibrillation recurrence.During this study we will try to identify patients with atrial fibrillation who are more or less likely to respond to rhythm control therapy.
Success of rhythm control [ Time Frame: 12 month ]
(1) < 1 second AF on end-of-study ECG; (2) < 30 seconds AF on end-of-study 48-hour Holter recording; (3) no AF on end-of-study 2 weeks Vitaphone ECG-card recording.
Secondary Outcome Measures
Time to recurrence of (a)symptomatic AF [ Time Frame: 1+3+6+9+12 month ]
by assessment Percentage AF-burden on 24-holter during follow up
Failure of rhythm control, i.e. permanent AF [ Time Frame: 1+3+6+9+12 month ]
failure of rhythm control medication or electric cardioversion.
Risk profiles associated with early versus late AF recurrence [ Time Frame: 1month and 12 month ]
These parameters include underlying (heart) disease and risk factors (including age, family history for AF, signs of ischemia, coronary risk factors, pulmonary disease, diabetes, obesity, sleep apnea, esophageal problems), lifestyle (including caffeine and alcohol intake, exercise), autonomic trigger patterns of AF (i.e. vagal or adrenergic induced AF, or combination
Progression of paroxysmal AF to persistent or permanent AF and of persistent AF to permanent AF [ Time Frame: 1+3+6+9+12 month ]
clinical commplaints and 3-lead Holter monitoring will be used for assessing the onset of AF episode
Changes in atrial and ventricular echocardiographic parameters [ Time Frame: 1month and 12 month ]
Echocardiographic measures of LA size (LA size parasternal long axis view, LA volume,LA ejection fraction measurement, electro-echocardiographic parameters (Tissue Doppler total atrial conduction time (during sinus rhythm), AF cycle length and velocity (during AF)), and parameters of diastolic dysfunction, including E (early mitral valve flow velocity), A (late mitral valve flow velocity), E/A ratio, deceleration time, E' (early tissue Doppler lengthening velocity), and E/E' ratio
Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality [ Time Frame: 1month and 12month ]
hospitalization for cardiovascular reasons, non-cardiovascular and cardiovascular death will be carefully monitored through-out the study.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients with short-lasting symptomatic paroxysmal or persistent AF
Short-lasting symptomatic paroxysmal or persistent AF;
Rhythm control strategy is preferred;
No contra-indication for oral anticoagulation;
Age > 18 years;
Written informed consent
Total history of heart failure and/ or of severe valvular disease > 3 years;
Severe valvular disease;
Acute coronary syndrome/ myocardial infarction/ percutaneous coronary intervention/ coronary artery bypass surgery within the past one month;