Primary Outcome Measures:
- Somatic Dysfunction Scale Score (SDSS) [ Time Frame: Newborns were examined between 6 an 72 hours postnatal ]
Healthy newborns ages 6 to 72 hours postnatal were physically examined and assessed for somatic dysfunction including asymmetry and motion restriction of the cranium, cervical, lumbar, and sacral regions. Total somatic dysfunction identified was summarized in a somatic dysfunction severity scale (SDSS) by assigning one point for each identified findings. SDSS could range from 0 (no somatic dysfunction) to 34 (all somatic dysfunctions assessed were present). Findings were compared to maternal, newborn, and delivery characteristics. Descriptive analyses and comparisons between the initial newborn assessment and research physical examination were performed.
100 newborns will be assessed for somatic dysfunction of the head, cervical, lumbar, and sacral areas. These findings will be compared to the findings of a standard newborn physical exam and the newborn and maternal history. These records will be reviewed for maternal age, parity, gravity, anesthesia during labor, and estimated gestational age. Birth history and initial newborn assessments will be reviewed for labor augmentation, duration of labor, length of second stage of labor, presence of instrumental delivery(vacuum extraction, forceps delivery, etc.), multiple birth, and presentation at delivery (breech, transverse, or compound presentation). The purpose of the study is to quantify the presence of somatic dysfunction in the newborn. We will assess any relationships between the identified somatic dysfunctions and factors present in the mother's and newborn's medical history.