Safety and Efficacy of a Newly Developed Baby-sphincterotome for Bile Duct Cannulation
|Bile Duct Diseases||Device: Primary cannulation/precut sphincterotomie with the Baby-S|
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Safety and Efficacy of a New Baby-sphincterotome for Cannulation and Pre-cut in Failed Selective Wire-guided Bile Duct Access|
- Number of Participants with successfull bile duct cannulation [ Time Frame: Time-to-Event Outcome Measures from the beginning of the intervention until the end of the endoscopic procedure, participants will be followed for the duration of hospital stay, an expected average of 3-5 days ]The baby-sphincterotome was used in patients in whom biliary sphincterotomy was clinically indicated but in whomafter standard techniques to gain biliary access had failed (study population).
- Postinterventional compilation rate (bleeding, pancreatitis) [ Time Frame: Immediate or delayed complications. Time-to-Event Outcome Measures: from the beginning of the intervention till signs bleeding or panceatitis will occur. Participants will be followed for the duration of hospital stay, an expected average of 3-5 days ]The severity of post-ERCP-pancreatitis was graded according to the Cotton criteria (Cotton et al.). Mild post-sphincterotomy bleeding was any bleeding episode detected after ES or PCS that necessitatinge an endoscopic maneuver like injection or clipping whithin the same session.
|Study Start Date:||June 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The baby-sphincterotome was in patients in whom biliary sphincterotomy was clinically indicated but in whom after standard techniques to gain biliary access had failed (study population).
Device: Primary cannulation/precut sphincterotomie with the Baby-S
At the papilla the ankle for cannulation was optimized due to changes of the position of the sphincterotome, its lay in the working channel and the tension of the "Albaran"-lever and the cutting wire. After successful cannulation, the catheter with the sphincterotome inside was slightly pushed into the duct. If necessary, the baby-sphincterotome was replaced with a guide wire and than conventional endoscopic sphincterotomie was completed with a standard traction-type sphincterotome.
Other Name: Easy-Cut®, MTW, Wesel, Germany
Interventional procedures at the bile or pancreatic duct require selective cannulation of the desired duct and sometimes endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES). If it is not possible to achieve selective access to the desired duct, which occurs in about 10-33 % of the cases (1-4), the next step to ensure selective cannulation is a so-called pre-cut procedure (5-8). For this approach a needle knife or an Erlangen-type sphincterotome are used to perform pre-cut sphincterotomy (PCS). This pre-cut technique has been shown to be effective especially to obtain selective bile duct access in the majority of the cases whenever standard cannulation techniques fail. However, the reported complication rate for PCS is substantially higher than for conventional ES (9), but may be outweighed by the clinical benefits. A limitation of the PCS-procedure is the need to use a dedicated instrument (either the needle knife or the Erlangen-type sphincterotome) for this indication. After completion of the pre-cut procedure routinely the attempt access to the desired duct has to be performed with other accessories since most pre-cut-sphincterotomes did do not allow contrast injection or guide-wire insertion. A change of instruments before and after PCS prolongs procedure time and increases cost. Therefore a "universal" instrument designed for both bile duct cannulation and precutting would substantially simplify the procedure.
In 1999 the investigators described a newly developed "baby"-sphincterotome that combines the features of a cannulating catheter and Erlangen-type precut-papillotome. In a first series of patients this device was found to be useful for direct cannulation as well as for precut procedures (10).
The aim of this trial was to investigate the safety and efficacy of this newly developed baby-sphincterotome in cases of failed selective wire-guided bile duct cannulation in a large cohort of patients.
Inclusion criteria were: evidence for bile duct obstruction with a visible stone or tumor, dilated common bile duct > 7 mm (or > 9 mm in cholecystectomised patients) by ultrasonography and CT-scan or MRCP/EUS, an elevated serum bilirubin level > 1.4 mg/dl, and serum alkaline phosphatase > 200 U/l with clinical suspicion of obstruction without evidence for cholestatic liver disease.
Patients with severe coagulation disorders or distorted anatomy of the major papilla (malignant infiltration of the papilla, papillary porus not identifiable, impacted stone) and patients with former gastro-duodenal resection (e.g. BII-anatomy) were excluded.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01493076
|Principal Investigator:||Andrea Riphaus, MD, PhD||Ruhr University Bochum, Department of Medicine|
|Principal Investigator:||Riphaus Andrea, MD, PhD||Department of Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum|